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Uruli Kanchan

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Uruli Kanchan

Uruli Kanchan
Urali Kanchan
Uruli Kanchan is located in Maharashtra
Uruli Kanchan
Uruli Kanchan
Location in Maharashtra, India
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
 • Type Gram Panchayat
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 412202
Telephone code 02026926230/98
Nearest city Pune

Uruli Kanchan is a village 33 km east from the city of NGO started by Manibhai Desai in the 1960s. BAIF is well known throughout India for its program of breeding high yielding livestock and promoting sustainable rural development.


  • Transport 1
  • Educational facilities 2
  • Economy 3
  • Demographics 4
  • History 5
  • Local Government 6
  • Naturopathy Ashram 7
  • References 8


Uruli is served by Central Railway's the main Mumbai - Secunderabad line and the Pune -Solapur National highway. There are also Local PMT bus services 7 / 7A and 9 that go to and from Pune and Hadapsar respectively.

Educational facilities

The oldest school in the village is a Primary School (Elementary School) which was established in 1881. The school is run by the Pune District Council (Zilla Parishad). The medium of instruction is Marathi. The school occupied the same building as the village Panchayat or the council but recently moved into a new building.

The local high school, Mahatma Gandhi Vidyalaya are is recognized as rural centers of excellence. The medium of instruction in this school is Marathi. The school is co-educational and has around 3000 students. The school has offered a choice of vocational courses for high school grade students (year 8-10) in Technology and Agriculture for decades. The school also runs a hostel called Kumar Chhatralaya for around 200 male students from outside the area. There are also schools in the area where the medium of instruction is English. These include Amar Education Institute, Angel High School & Dr. Cyrus Poonawala English Medium School.

The High School shares it campus with Padmashri Manibhai Desai Mahavidyalaya or College. The College is affiliated to Pune University and offers Bachelor level courses in Arts, Commerce and Sciences.

Mahatma Gandhi Vidyalaya School Hall


The area around Uruli is irrigated by the Mutha canal and therefore the land is used for growing cash crops like sugarcane and grapes. The sugarcane is supplied mainly to the sugar mill at Anurag Sugar Factory near Yawat, a 15 km from Uruli. The village holds a weekly open air market on Sunday. The Naturopathy Ashram attracts wealthy patrons from all over India. The cattle breeding program at BAIF attracts professionals from all across India.

In recent years, the village has attracted a number of Household furniture and windows manufacturers, and distributors. Some of these include Shree Krishna Furniture, Netra Furniture, Akash Furniture. & Aluminium supplier as Pro Aluminium Pvt. Ltd. As Uruli Kanchan is slowly becoming a commuter town for professional people working in Pune, restaurants like Kubera Restaurant & Beer Bar, Sonaee Pure Veg, Elite Food Corner have opened up to cater for this population and the increasingly affluent local people.


According to the census of India of 2001, the population of the village was 22,860 with 11,862 males and 10,998 females. The number of households in the village was 4,807. The village is dominated by the Kanchan Maratha clan on political and economic level. The village also has a significant population of Marwadi and Sindhi people. Both communities dominate trade in the village. The Sindhi families settled into Uruli when they migrated to India from Sindh after Indian independence in 1947. Due to the excellent transport links to Pune, the village also has a sizable population that finds work in Pune metropolitan area. The presence of the school, college and BAIF means there is a high proportion of professionals such as teachers, veterinary doctors, and agricultural scientists residing in the area.


Great Indian Peninsula Railway started train services between Mumbai and Sholapur in December 1858 with Uruli Kanchan as one of the Stations on the route. The Train Station at that time served as a transit point for pilgrims traveling to Jejuri from Uruli using a dirt road.[1] [1] The train was also used for transporting Pomegranate to the markets of Poona and Bombay. The British colonial government set up a relief camp for people affected by the great famine of 1897 in Uruli. The work mainly involved cutting stone from a local quarry.[2] A Grampanchayat or Village Council was established in 1936 with Mr, Pranlal Shah as the first Sarpanch or leader of the council.


Local Government

As mentioned in the previous section, a Grampanchayat or Village Council was established in 1936 with Mr, Pranlal Shah as the first Sarpanch or leader of the council. Later Manibhai Desai served as the Sarpanch for a long period. The council has six wards (Constituencies) that elect a total of 17 members.

Naturopathy Ashram

Mahatma Gandhi came to Uruli Kanchan on 22 March 1946 and stayed for up to 30 March 1946. He treated hundreds of patients with the help of Dr. Mehta, Balkoba Bhave, Manibhai Desai, Dr. Sushila Nair and other disciples. On 30 March 1946, Mahatma Gandhi departed for Delhi for the final negotiations with British Government regarding Independent India. Gandhiji founded Nisargopchar Gramsudhar Trust on 1 April 1946, with the help of kind donations in the form of Land by local people like late shri Mahadev Tatyaba Kanchan. The team under the dynamic leadership of Manibhaiji preached sound health and hygienic practices and also studied various problems in rural areas and identified suitable solutions to uplift the rural poor.

Over last fifty years the Ashram has made remarkable progress. The institute has set up the unique example in the field of Naturopathy i.e. "The way of Life". People from every corner of India and abroad come here and experience the unique drugless holistic approach for management of chronic diseases. Treatment is offered to patients suffering from Arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, bronchitis, skin diseases, asthma. Digestive, gynaecological problems, and neuro muscular disorders. Day in the Ashram begins with prayer & yoga and ends with prayer. Thus along with other physical treatments, psychological and spiritual counseling completes the treatment plan.[5]


  1. ^ Gazetteer of The Bombay Presidency: Poona (Part 2). Government Central press. p. 156. 
  2. ^ Nash, Vaughan (1900). The Great Famine and its causes. London, New York, Bombay: Longman, Greens and Co. p. 17. 
  3. ^ a b c Biography at Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation
  4. ^ Howard, Connie (2000). In Gandhi's Footsteps: The Manibhai Desai & BAIF Story. New Age International Ltd. p. 114.  
  5. ^ "And Gandhi Came Alive". Retrieved 2014-01-30. 
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