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Valkenburg aan de Geul

 

Valkenburg aan de Geul

Valkenburg aan de Geul
Vallekeberg aan de Geul
Municipality
Valkenburg city centre
Valkenburg city centre
Flag of Valkenburg aan de Geul
Flag
Coat of arms of Valkenburg aan de Geul
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Valkenburg aan de Geul in a municipal map of Limburg
Location in Limburg
Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province Limburg
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Martin Eurlings (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 36.92 km2 (14.25 sq mi)
 • Land 36.73 km2 (14.18 sq mi)
 • Water 0.19 km2 (0.07 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 73 m (240 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 16,650
 • Density 453/km2 (1,170/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Valkenburger
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 6300–6305, 6325, 6340–6342
Area code 043
Website .nl.valkenburgwww
Topographic map of Valkenburg, as of March 2014
Tourists queueing at Valkenburg castle
The village of Oud-Valkenburg

Valkenburg aan de Geul (   ) (Limburgish: Valkeberg) is a municipality situated in the southeastern Dutch province of Limburg. The name refers to the central town in the municipality, Valkenburg, and the small river Geul.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Main sights 2
    • Listed buildings in Valkenburg 2.1
    • Castles and stately homes in Valkenburg 2.2
    • Tourist attractions in Valkenburg 2.3
    • Cycling 2.4
  • Population centres 3
  • Transport 4
    • By car 4.1
    • By train 4.2
    • By bus 4.3
  • Notable residents 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Sieges and conquests have been the recurrent theme in the history of Valkenburg, especially in connection with Valkenburg castle, seat of the counts of Valkenburg (or Falkenburg). It was here that Beatrice of Falkenburg grew up, who, in 1269 at the age of 15, married 60-year-old Richard of Cornwall, king of the Holy Roman Empire. In December 1672 the castle was once again destroyed by Dutch troops led by William III, trying to prevent the armies of Louis XIV of France from capturing it, this time not to be rebuilt.

In the 19th century, because of the natural beauty of the area, Valkenburg became a sought-after holiday destination for the well-to-do in the Netherlands. Tourism developed, especially after in 1853 the railway from Maastricht to Heerlen and Aachen opened. Valkenburg railway station is the oldest surviving station in the Netherlands. In the beginning of the 20th century, well-known Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers lived in Valkenburg for several years. He helped develop tourism by designing a hotel, an open-air theater and a copy of the catacombs of Rome. Furthermore he restored the medieval church and designed several tombs and a chapel in Gothic Revival style in a graveyard situated on Cauberg, a steep hill outside the town center.

For an overview of the resistance movement in Valkenburg during the Second World War, see Valkenburg resistance.

Valkenburg is no longer a fortified town but it has largely retained its historical charm, although the town suffered somewhat from mass tourism in the 1960s and 70s. Valkenburg aan de Geul still hosts more than 1 million overnight stays a year. The present aim of the council of Valkenburg is to move away from mass tourism and emphasize the natural and historical beauty of the town.

In order to achieve more historic tourism a plan was made called " Vestingstad Valkenburg" ( fortification Valkenburg) , within this plan are the rebuild of the Geulpoort , a 14th-century city gate that was destroyed in the 17th century , and the restoring of the other 2 city gates. Also featurred in this plan is the creation of a large pond in the Halderpark , where in the medieval times lay a defensive moat.

Main sights

These days Valkenburg is especially known for its many tourist attractions, its chalk houses (locally called mergel or marl) and the attractive hilly countryside. The main sight are:

  • Valkenburg castle, of which only a ruin remains, though still impressive;
  • several other castles, castle farms and stately homes, mostly situated along the Geul river;
  • Oud-Valkenburg, a small village along the Geul with a particularly picturesque ensemble of a gothic church, two castles (Genhoes and Schaloen) and several historic farmsteads, all in local marlstone;
  • several watermills, two in the old town;
  • parts of the city walls and two of three city gates survived (Berkelpoort and Grendelpoort; there are plans for the third gate to be rebuilt);
  • old court building (Spaans Leenhof);
  • Saint Nicolas church, a Gothic church in Valkenburg with some late Medieval wood carvings;
  • Saint Gerlachus church in nearby Houthem Sint-Gerlach, with Baroque frescos by Johann Adam Schöpf, painted on marl;
  • several former marl quarries (locally called 'caves', although they are largely man-made), offering guided tours; some have interesting charcoal drawings and marl sculptures, one has been recreated as the catacombs of Rome (designed by Pierre Cuypers), another one as a coal mine; in the winter Christmas markets are held in some quarries;
  • a 30 meter high viewing tower (Wilhelminatoren) atop a hill, connected to the town below by aerial lift;
  • Thermae 2000, a sauna and wellness resort;
  • a Holland Casino branch, as well as a large park around it (Kuurpark);
  • two amusement parks; one focusing on popular fairy tales (Sprookjesbos);

Valkenburg is situated in a part of the Netherlands that is known for its natural beauty and many historical buildings. The area, although quite hilly, is perfectly suited for walks or (mountain) bike tours.

Listed buildings in Valkenburg

Castles and stately homes in Valkenburg

Tourist attractions in Valkenburg

Cycling

Valkenburg aan de Geul is famous for its Cycling events. The city has hosted the UCI Road Cycling World Championship a record five times, in 1938, 1948, 1979 and 1998 and again in 2012. Since 2003, the city's Cauberg hill has been the finish of the Amstel Gold Race. The Tour de France had a stage finish in Valkenburg in 1992 and in 2006.

The Cauberg Cyclo-cross is a cyclo-cross race and a part of the UCI Cyclo-cross World Cup.

Population centres

Apart from the city of Valkenburg (including the neighbourhood of Broekhem), the municipality of Valkenburg aan de Geul comprises the following villages and hamlets: Berg en Terblijt, Vilt, Geulhem, Houthem, Sibbe, IJzeren, Oud-Valkenburg, Schin op Geul en Walem.

Transport

By car

Valkenburg aan de Geul is served by the A79 motorway, this motorway runs from Maastricht to Heerlen.

By train

Valkenburg aan de Geul has three train stations Valkenburg, Houthem-Sint Gerlach and Schin op Geul, operated by Veolia.

By bus

Valkenburg aan de Geul is served by Veolia buses.

Notable residents

Panorama of hilly landscape in Valkenburg aan de Geul, between Oud-Valkenburg and Schin op Geul

References

  1. ^ "College van B&W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Valkenburg aan de Geul. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).  
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 6301HC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).  

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official website (in Dutch)
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