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Title: Velsen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: North Holland, Haarlem, Amsterdam Metropolitan Area, Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude, Zaanstad
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Aerial view of Velsen
Aerial view of Velsen
Flag of Velsen
Coat of arms of Velsen
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Velsen in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Franc Weerwind (D66)
 • Total 63.05 km2 (24.34 sq mi)
 • Land 44.78 km2 (17.29 sq mi)
 • Water 18.27 km2 (7.05 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 6 m (20 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 67,294
 • Density 1,503/km2 (3,890/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Velsenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 1950–1951, 1970–1992, 2070–2082
Area code 023, 0251, 0255
Website .nl.velsenwww

Velsen (Dutch pronunciation: ) is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It is located on both sides of the North Sea Canal.

On the north side of the North Sea Canal, in IJmuiden, there is a major steel plant, Tata Steel IJmuiden, formerly known as Koninklijke Hoogovens. The headquarters of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Redding Maatschappij is located in IJmuiden.

The Kennemerstrand beach on the south side of the canal is at the end of the Kennemerboulevard, which runs south of the Seaport Marina.

To the south is the beach of Bloemendaal aan Zee. In between is a nude beach.

Population centres

The municipality of Velsen consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts:

Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Velsen, June 2015


In Velsen, there are the following connections across the North Sea Canal:

  • A railway tunnel between the railway stations of Driehuis and Beverwijk.
  • Road tunnels, from north to south:
    • Wijker Tunnel
    • Velser Tunnel next to the railway tunnel.
  • A ferry [5]
  • A road across the lock complex

Also there is the Fast Flying Ferry to Amsterdam. [6] There used to be a railway link between IJmuiden and Amsterdam, the IJmondlijn until 1999, when it was closed.

Local government

Velsen in 1867. The North Sea Canal is shown as planned and partially under construction.

The municipal council of Velsen consists of 33 seats, which are divided now (2010) as follows:


The ruins of a Roman naval base at Velsen are believed to be ancient Flevum, which is listed as Phleoum, Romanized to Phleum, in Ptolemy (2.10).

Twin towns

Velsen is twinned with the port city of Galle in southern Sri Lanka and city of Bergisch Gladbach in the west of Germany.


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External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official website
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