Verner Suomi

Verner Edward "Vern" Suomi (1915 – 30 July 1995[1]) was an American educator, inventor, and scientist. He is considered the father of satellite meteorology. He invented the Spin Scan Radiometer, which for many years was the instrument on the GOES weather satellites that generated the time sequences of cloud images seen on television weather shows. The Suomi NPP polar orbiting satellite, launched in 2011, was named in his honor.

Early life

Suomi was born in Eveleth, Minnesota to John and Anna Suomi.[1] His parents arrived in the US in 1902 from Finland.[2] (The family surname, Suomi, is of Finnish origin and means Finland in Finnish.) He was the sixth of seven children;[2] he outlived all but two sisters, Esther and Edith.[1] He received his first degree from Winona Teachers College (now Winona State University).[3] He taught high school science. Later, he attended the University of Chicago,[3] where he received his PhD in 1953.[3]


By 1948, Suomi was among the earliest faculty members of the Department of Meteorology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[3] Together with Robert Parent, in 1965, Suomi founded the Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) there. From this, came the first weather satellite to provide imagery from a geostationary orbit and was named the Applications Technology Satellite (ATS-1), launched on 6 December 1966, that included a Spin Scan Radiometer. The subsequent ATS-3, launched in November 1967, using a spin scan camera, made what would be known as the first color images of the whole earth.[4]

Suomi led the development of McIDAS (Man-computer Interactive Data Access System) in 1972,[5] displaying the images produced by his satellites such as SMS-1 in 1974.

A very popular professor, he formally retired from teaching in 1986.[1]

Honors and awards

Suomi was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1966, awarded the National Medal of Science in 1977, awarded the Franklin Medal in 1984, the Charles Franklin Brooks Award from the American Meteorological Society in 1980; a lifetime achievement award from the International Meteorological Organization, and numerous other awards and honors[5] including the World Meteorological Organization's International Meteorological Organization Prize (the IMO Prize) and the first Walter Ahlstrom Prize.[1]

On January 24, 2012, NASA renamed a recently launched NPP Earth monitoring satellite after Dr. Suomi.[6] On that occasion, John Grunsfeld, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, said that "Verner Suomi's many scientific and engineering contributions were fundamental to our current ability to learn about Earth's weather and climate from space."[7] The Suomi NPP houses the VIIRS instrument that provided the images which were combined to make the 2012 The Blue Marble photo.[8]

Personal life

Suomi died in Madison, Wisconsin at age 79.[1] He was survived by his wife Paula and his children Eric, Stephen, and Lois; two sisters, Edith and Esther; two granddaughters; and many nieces and nephews.[1]


External links

  • Suomi Virtual Museum (includes photo of Suomi)
  • The Space Science and Engineering Center
  • Suomi Website - The Father of Satellite Meteorology
  • NSSDC ID: 1966-110A
  • NASA SMS-1 (1974) page - NSSDC ID: 1974-033A-01 - explanation of Visible Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.