World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Victoria Strait

Article Id: WHEBN0007746699
Reproduction Date:

Title: Victoria Strait  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Admiralty Island (Nunavut), Franklin's lost expedition, Queen Maud Gulf, Straits of Kitikmeot Region, Dease Strait
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Victoria Strait

Satellite image with the Victoria Strait to the bottom right just above the Queen Maud Gulf

Victoria Strait is a strait in northern Canada that lies in Nunavut off the mainland in the Arctic Ocean. It is between Victoria Island to the west and King William Island to the east. From the north the strait links the M'Clintock Channel and the Larsen Sound with the Queen Maud Gulf to the south. The strait is about 100 mi (160 km) long and anywhere from 50 to 80 mi (80 to 129 km) wide.[1]

The strait is wide, with almost no islands, save for the rather large Royal Geographical Society Island near the Queen Maud Gulf at the extreme south of the strait. The strait has never been comprehensively surveyed, however charted portions indicate several patches where the water is only 30 feet (10 m) of depth. Ships drawing up to 30 feet (9.1 m) have navigated the strait, but it is made very difficult by the ice. Most of the year the strait is covered with rough, heavy ice. Much of this is polar ice which has flowed down the McClintock Channel from the Viscount Melville Sound. Large-scale breakup of the ice in the strait begins by late July and continues into late September when it begins to freeze again.[2]

Near the entrance of Victoria Strait was where HMS Terror and HMS Erebus became trapped during John Franklin's expedition and were abandoned in 1848. Due to the hazards of the strait, a longer route was used which went around King William Island. This route was easier despite having an even shallower bottom.[3] In 1967, the Victoria Strait was used for the first time by an icebreaker, the John A. Macdonald, when travelling to the western Arctic to assist shipping. It was crossed again by the same icebreaker in 1975, and later in 1976 by the icebreakers CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent and CCGS J.E. Bernier.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ "Victoria Strait." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006.
  2. ^ a b Legault, Leonard H; Pharand, Donat (October 1, 1984). The Northwest Passage: Arctic Straits. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 13. ISBN 90-247-2979-3.
  3. ^ Griffiths, Franklyn (December 31, 1987). Politics of the Northwest Passage. McGill-Queen's Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-7735-0613-6.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.