World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Viking Eggeling

Article Id: WHEBN0002465951
Reproduction Date:

Title: Viking Eggeling  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cinéma pur, Dada, Marcel Janco, Swedish experimental filmmakers, Walter Ruttmann
Collection: 1880 Births, 1925 Deaths, Dada, Experimental Filmmakers, Swedish Animators, Swedish Artists, Swedish Experimental Filmmakers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Viking Eggeling

error
}
Died 19 May 1925(1925-05-19) (aged 44)
Berlin, Germany
Nationality Swedish
Occupation Artist, filmmaker
Notable work Diagonal-Symphonie
Four frames from "Diagonal-Symphonie"

Viking Eggeling (21 October 1880, Lund – 19 May 1925, Berlin) was a Swedish avant-garde artist and filmmaker connected to dadaism, Constructivism and abstract art and was one of the pioneers in absolute film and visual music.[1] His 1924 film Diagonal-Symphonie is one of the seminal abstract films in the history of experimental cinema.

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Early career 1.1
    • Zurich & Dada 1.2
    • Berlin 1.3
  • References 2
  • External links 3

Biography

Early career

At the age of sixteen, the orphaned Eggeling moved to Germany to pursue an artistic career. He studied art history in Milan from 1901 to 1907, supporting himself with work as a bookkeeper. From 1907 to 1911, he taught Art at the Hochalpines Lyceum in Zuoz/Institut Engiadina (today Lyceum Alpinum Zuoz) in Switzerland. He lived in Paris from 1911 to 1915, where he was acquainted with Amedeo Modigliani, Hans Arp, Léopold Survage and other artists of the time.[2] At this point his art was influenced by Cubism, but soon grew more abstract, and in the years 1915-1917, influenced more specifically by the Rythmes colorés of Survage, he started making sketches on scrolls, or "picture rolls" as he would call them, that he later made into his abstract films Horizontal-Vertikal Messe (now lost) and Diagonal-Symphonie.[3][4]

"Basse générale de la peinture. Extension" Lithography (1919)[5]

Zurich & Dada

In Zurich in 1918, he re-connected with Hans Arp and took part in several Dada activities, befriending Marcel Janco, Richard Huelsenbeck, Sophie Taeuber, and the other dadaists connected to the Cabaret Voltaire. In 1919 he also joined the group Das Neue Leben ("New Life"), that was based in Basel and featured Marcel Janco, Hans Arp, Sophie Taeuber, Augusto Giacometti, and others. The group supported an educational approach to modern art, coupled with socialist ideals and Constructivist aesthetics.[6] In its art manifesto, the group declared its ideal of "rebuild[ing] the human community" in preparation for the end of capitalism.[7] In the same year Eggeling was co-founder of the similar group Artistes Radicaux ("Radical Artists"), a more political section of the Neue Leben group.[8] During this time, in 1918, Tristan Tzara introduced him to Hans Richter, with whom he would work intimately for a couple of years, and in 1919 the two of them left Switzerland for Germany. Richter later wrote that "The contrast between us, which was that between method and spontaneity, only served to strengthen our mutual attraction...for three years we marched side by side, although we fought on separate fronts."[9]

"Basse générale de la peinture. Extension" Lithography (1919)[10]

Berlin

In Germany his first stop was Berlin, where he met with Raoul Hausmann, Hannah Höch and other radical artists. He here also joined the Novembergruppe ("November Group"), a radical political group that featured many artists connected to Dada, Bauhaus and Constructivism. After moving to Klein-Kölzig with Richter, he continued his experiments with "picture rolls". These scrolls were sequences of painted images on long rolls of paper that investigate the transformation of geometrical forms and could be up to 15 meters in length. As they were to be "read" from left to right, this soon evolved into cinematographic experimentation on film stock. In 1920, Eggeling began producing his first film, Horizontal-Vertikal-Messe, based on a "picture roll" containing approximately 5000 images. In 1921, he ends his collaboration with Richter and postpones his work on Horizontal-Vertikal-Messe. In 1923 he instead collaborates with Erna Niemeyer and works on Diagonal-Symphonie, a synthesis of image, rhythm, movement and music, created from series of black sheets of paper with cut-out geometrical shapes. This film was completed in 1924 and shown for the first time in November the same year. Its first public screening was in Berlin in May 1925, at the film program "Der absolute Film", arranged by the Novembergruppe. 16 days later, Eggeling died.

References

  1. ^ Louise O'Konor, Viking Eggeling, 1880–1925, Artist and Filmmaker: Life and Work, translated by Catherine G. Sundström and Anne Libby, Stockholm, Almqvist and Wiksell, 1971.
  2. ^ Timothy O. Benson et al., Expressionist Utopias, Berkeley, University of California Press, 2001; pp. 198-9.
  3. ^ , Cambridge Scholars Press, 2004European Culture in a Changing World: Between Nationalism and GlobalismDaniel Meyer-Dinkgräfe,
  4. ^ Daniel Robbins, Grove Art Online, Oxford University Press, MoMA, 2009
  5. ^ Dada, Nr. 4/5 (15 May 1919): [p. 8].
  6. ^ Sandqvist, p.95-97, 190, 264, 342-343; Van der Berg, p.139, 145-147. See also Cernat, Avangarda, p.130, 155, 160-161
  7. ^ Sandqvist, p.96. See also Van der Berg, p.147
  8. ^ Van der Berg, p.147-148. See also Cernat, Avangarda, p.160-161
  9. ^ Hans Richter, Dada: Art and Anti-Art, translated by David Britt, London, Thames and Hudson, 1965.
  10. ^ De Stijl, vol. 4, nr. 7 (July 1921): facing p. 112.

External links

  • Viking Eggeling at IMDB
  • Watch "Diagonal Symphonie" online
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.