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Virginia Capitol Police

Virginia Division of Capitol Police
Patch of the Virginia Division of Capitol Police
Badge of the Virginia Division of Capitol Police
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Constituting instrument Section 30-34.2:1 of the Code of Virginia
General nature
  • Civilian agency
Operational structure
Overviewed by Legislative Support Committee
 See the reference[2] below for the source of the above data.

The Virginia State Capitol Police is America's oldest police department, originating in 1618.

A legislative agency, today the Division of Capitol Police is responsible for:

  • General Law Enforcement for the Capitol Complex and properties assigned to the agency. They also share concurrent jurisdiction with the Richmond City Police (anywhere north of the James River water line)
  • Protective services for the Governor and Virginia's First Family while they are in-residence at the Executive Mansion.
  • Protective services and details for the Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, the Justices of Virginia's Supreme Court, and members of the Virginia Legislature.
  • Special event assignments and security details throughout the Commonwealth


  • History 1
  • Operations 2
    • Uniformed Operations 2.1
    • Administrative Operations 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The capitol police was established in 1618 at Jamestown, Virginia. The Guard, consisting of 10 men was formed to protect the Governor from the hostile Indian population. By 1663, the force was expanded to a force of 20 men and assigned to protect the Governor, the Council, and the Colonial Assembly. The Capitol was moved to Williamsburg, Virginia in 1699 where the Guard remained an important part of the executive and legislative process. In 1780, the Capitol of Virginia was again relocated to a safer location, its present home in Richmond. In 1801, the General Assembly enacted legislation creating The Public Guard, which was responsible for protecting public property in Richmond. This military force remained active until 1869.

The term "Capitol Police" was first used in an act of the Virginia General Assembly passed on January 28, 1884. This act provided "for the appointment of Capitol Police certain other employees about the Public Buildings and Grounds." The Capitol Police have steadily expanded in size and remain in service to this day.


Uniformed Operations

Uniformed Patrol and Special Operations

  • Uniformed Patrol
  • K-9
  • Emergency Medical Technicians
  • Investigations
  • Critical Incident Team (SWAT)
  • Crowd Response Team (Riot Control)

Administrative Operations

Planning Section and Administrative Section

  • Crime Prevention
  • Accreditation
  • Communications
  • Training
  • Property Manager
  • Security Clearance Office

The Virginia State Police Executive Protection Unit also provides security for the Governor.

See also


  1. ^ "Section 30-34.2:1". Code of Virginia. Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  2. ^ [1]
  • "The Great Charter of 1618"
  • "The Capitol Police" by Walter Griggs of Virginia Commonwealth University - Monograph 1981
  • "Acts of Assembly" by the Clerk of the Virginia House of Delegates

External links

  • Virginia Capitol Police
  • Virginia State Police EPU
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