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Vitis bryoniifolia

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Title: Vitis bryoniifolia  
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Subject: Vitis davidii, Vitis adenoclada, Ampelocissus barbata, Vitis blancoi, Vitis fengqinensis
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Vitis bryoniifolia

North China grape
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis
Species: V. bryoniifolia
Binomial name
Vitis bryoniifolia
Bunge[1]
Varieties

V. b. var. bryoniifolia (autonym)[2]
V. b. var. ternata (W.T.Wang) C.L.Li[3]

Synonyms

Synonyms for V. b. var. bryoniifolia;

Synon. for V. b. var. ternata;

  • V. adstricta var. ternata W.T.Wang[3]

Vitis bryoniifolia is a prolific and adaptable, polygamo-dioecious species of climbing vine in the grape family native to China, where it is known as ying yu,[1] or hua bei pu tao (North China grape). The variant form ternata is known as san chu ying yu, meaning three-foliolate, or -leaflet ying yu. Ying yu translates to mean "hard jade".

V. bryoniifolia is found in a wide variety of tree-established habitats including forests and shrublands, or fields and valleys where trees are present, especially along the banks of streams; and can be found both in highlands and low- (100–2500 meters above sea-level). It has a long growing season, flowering from April to August, and bearing its fruit (rosy, plum-colored berries, 5–8 mm. in diameter) from June to October; and also a broad distributional range, being reported from 15 of China's 27 provinces and autonomous regions (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and Zhejiang).[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c  A formal description of this species was first published in Enum. Pl. China Bor. 11. 1833. "Vitis bryoniifolia".  
  2. ^  Being the type from which any additional varieties are based, the description of V. b. var. bryoniifolia is the same as that of V. bryoniifolia."bryoniifolia var. Vitis bryoniifolia".  
  3. ^ a b  V. b. var. ficifolioides was published in Chin. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 2: 253. 1996.;
    V. adstricta var. ternata was published in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 76. 1979. (W.T.Wang) C.L.Li"ternata var. Vitis bryoniifolia". Flora of China. eFloras. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  4. ^  V. adstricta was published in Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 20(237): 258-259. 1882. Hance"Vitis adstricta"Name - . Tropicos.  
  5. ^  V. bryoniifolia var. mairei was published in Guihaia 8(2): 112. 1988. (H.Lév.) W.T.Wang"mairei var. Vitis bryoniifolia"Name - . Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  6. ^  V. bryoniifolia var. multilobata was published in Flora Hainanica 2: 597. 1988. S.Y.Wang & Y.H.Hu"multilobata var. Vitis bryoniifolia"Name - . Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  7. ^  V. flexuosa var. mairei was published in Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 7(152-156): 340. 1909. H.Lév."mairei var. Vitis flexuosa"Name - . Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  8. ^  V. novisinensis was published in Botanicheskie Materialy Gerbariia Botanicheskogo Instituta imeni V. L. Komarova Akademii Nauk SSSR 18: 167, f. 1. 1957. Vassilcz."Vitis novisinensis"Name - . Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  9. ^  V. thunbergii var. adstricta was published in Plantae Wilsonianae 1(1): 105. 1911. (Hance) Gagnep."adstricta var. Vitis thunbergii"Name - . Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  10. ^  V. thunbergii var. mairei was published in Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 27(3): 286. 1967. "Name - Vitis thunbergii var. mairei (H.Lév.) Lauener". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 

External links

Largish JPGs of Vitis bryoniifolia:

  • Plant crawling horizontally along rocks (1354.6 kb)
  • Erect stem with leaves and flower buds (1264.2 kb)
  • Erect stem with leaves and flower buds (922.6 kb)
  • Plant crawling along the forest floor between rocks (2125.0 kb)
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