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Vostok (sloop-of-war)

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Vostok (sloop-of-war)

Vostok and its captain, Fabian von Bellingshausen on a commemorative coin of the Bank of Russia
Career (Russian Empire)
Name: Vostok
Namesake: East
Builder: Okhta shipyards
Saint Petersburg
Launched: 1818
Homeport: Kronshtadt
Status: Broken up in 1828
General characteristics
Type: 24-gun sloop-of-war[1]
Displacement: 900 tonnes[1]
Length: 39.62 m (130.0 ft)[1]
Beam: 10.36 m (34.0 ft) [1]
Depth of hold: 4.8 m (15.7 ft)[1]
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Speed: 10 kn (19 km/h)[1]
Complement: 117[1]
Armament: 16 × 127 mm pounder guns
12 × 120 mm carronades[1]

Vostok was a 28-gun sloop-of-war of the Imperial Russian Navy, the lead ship of the First Russian Antarctic Expedition in 1819—1821, during which Faddey Bellingshausen (commander of the ship) and Mikhail Lazarev (commanding Mirny, the second ship) circumnavigated the globe, discovered the continent of Antarctica and twice circumnavigated it, and discovered a number of islands and archipelagos in the Southern Ocean and the Pacific.[1]

History

Captain Faddey Bellingshausen with the Cross of the Order of St. George

Vostok was launched in 1818 at Okhta shipyards, Saint Petersburg.[1]

On 14 July [O.S. 3 July] 1819 Vostok under the command of Commander Faddey (Fabian Gottlieb von) Bellingshausen, the leader of the expedition, alongside Mirny under the command of Lieutenant Commander Mikhail Lazarev left Kronshtadt and on 28 January [O.S. 16 January] 1820 reached the shore of Antarctica, which was sighted for the first time in history. After repair in Sydney in Australia, the expedition explored the tropical parts of the Pacific, and on 12 November [O.S. 31 October] 1820 again turned to Antarctica. On 22 January [O.S. 10 January] 1821 the sloops reached the southernmost point of their voyage at 69° 53' S and 92° 19' W. On 5 August [O.S. 24 July] 1821 they returned to Kronshtadt.[1]

In 751 days they covered 49,723 miles (circa 92,300 km). Apart from the discovery of the world's sixth continent, Antarctica, 29 islands were mapped and complex oceanographic works carried out. A medal was issued by the Russian Admiralty to commemorate the expedition.[1]

In 1828 sloop Vostok was excluded from navy lists and scrapped.[1]

Named in honor

Vostok (left) and Mirny (right) during the First Russian Antarctic Expedition on a coin of the Bank of Russia

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Шлюп "Восток" at sailhistory.ru (Russian)
  2. ^ a b Tattoo Archive - Vostok
  3. ^ Vostok, Cape Geographic Names Information System
  4. ^ Batson R.M., Russell J.F. (1994), Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, United States Geological Survey Bulletin 2129 planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov
  5. ^ a b Полвека в глубине Антарктиды Vokrug Sveta (Russian)
  6. ^ Deep drilling at Vostok station, Antarctica: history and recent events
  7. ^ Vostok Subglacial Highlands: Antarctica geographic.org
  8. ^ Скончался первооткрыватель озера Восток в Антарктиде Lenta.ru (Russian)

Sources

  • Морской энциклопедический словарь. Л.: Судостроение, 1991. ISBN 5-7355-0280-8 (Russian)
  • Vostok, with model scheme at hobbyport.ru (Russian)
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