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Western Military District

Western Military District
Западный военный округ
Headquarters of the Western Military District in the General Staff Building in St. Petersburg
Founded October 20, 2010 – present
Country  Russia
Type Military district
Part of Russian Armed Forces
Headquarters St. Peterburg
Decorations Order of Lenin
Commanders
Colonel General Anatoly Sidorov

Western Military District (Russian: Западный военный округ) is one of the four operational strategic commands of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The district was formed in Presidential Decree №1144 signed on September 20, 2010.[1] The district includes the Baltic Fleet and the Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy.

The district controls the 6th and 20th Guards Armies, formations and units of the Russian Airborne Troops (including the 76th Air Assault Division), and Baltic Fleet coastal defence units under Fleet HQ in Kaliningrad, as well as the 1st Air and Air Defence Forces Command of the Russian Air Force. It is headquartered in Saint Petersburg's General Staff Building on the north end of Palace Square.

On 26 February 2014, during the Crimean crisis, President Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian Armed Forces to be "put on alert in the Western Military District as well as units stationed with the 2nd Army Central Military District Command involved in aerospace defense, airborne troops and long-range military transport." Despite media speculation it was for in reaction to the events in Ukraine Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said it was in separate consideration from the unrest in Ukraine.[2]

List of commanders from 2010

  • 2010 (acting) Colonel General Valery Gerasimov
  • 2010–2012 Colonel General Arkady Bakhin
  • 2012–present Colonel General Anatoly Sidorov

Units

Part of district subordination:

6th Army (Saint Petersburg)

  • 138th Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade (Kamenka)
  • 25th Motorized Rifle Brigade (n. Vladimir Camp )
  • 9th Guards Artillery Brigade (Luga)
  • 268th Guards Artillery Brigade (Pushkin)
  • Engineering unit
  • 5th Anti-aircraft Missile Brigade (Gorelovo)
  • 95th Brigade control (Gorelovo)
  • 26th Missile Brigade (Luga)

20th Guards Army (n. Mulino, Nizhny Novgorod region)

Airborne Forces:

Part of the Marine Corps and Coast Defense:

  • 7th Motorized Rifle Regiment (Kaliningrad)
  • 79th Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade (Gusev)
  • 336th Marine Brigade (village Mechnikovo, Baltiysk)
  • 25th Coastal Missile Brigade (Don)
  • 152nd Guards Missile Brigade (Chernyakhovsk, Kaliningrad)
  • 244th Guards Artillery Brigade (Kaliningrad)
  • 183rd Fleet Ground Forces Rocket Regiment (Gvardeysk)
  • 73rd Independent Bridge Battalion
  • 742th Fleet Signals Unit
  • 302nd Fleet Radio-Electronic Regiment
  • 61st Marine Brigade (n. Satellite, Murmansk region)
  • 200th Motorized Rifle Brigade (n. Pechenga, Murmansk region)
  • 536th Fleet Independent Coastal Defense Missile Artillery Brigade (Snezhnogorsk)
  • 516th Fleet Signals Unit (Severnomorsk)
  • 180th Naval Engineering Battalion

Intelligence/Spetsnaz units and formations:

  • 2nd Spetsnaz Brigade
  • 16th Spetsnaz Brigade

Naval Forces

References

  1. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 20 сентября 2010 года № 1144 «О военно-административном делении Российской Федерации»
  2. ^ Alpert, Lukas I. "Russia Orders Military Exercises Amid Ukraine Tension". The Wall Street Journal. 

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