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Wieden

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Wieden

Wieden
4th District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Wieden
Coat of arms
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
Country Austria
City Vienna
Government
 • District Director Susanne Reichard (ÖVP)
 • First Deputy Karl Timel (ÖVP)
 • Second Deputy Karl Richter (SPÖ)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
SPÖ 12, Green 12, ÖVP 11,
FPÖ 5
Area
 • Total 1.80 km2 (0.69 sq mi)
Population (2014-01-01)[1]
 • Total 31,452
 • Density 17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)
Postal code A-1040
Address of
District Office
Favoritenstraße 18
A-1040 Wien
Website   /bezirke/wieden/
www.wien.gv.at

Wieden is the 4th municipal District of Vienna, Austria (German: 4. Bezirk). It is near the centre of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but its borders were changed later.[2] Wieden is a small region near the city centre.[2] After World War II, Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna for 10 years.

History

The name Wieden was first recorded in 1137, and is thus the oldest Vorstadt (former municipality within the Linienwall) of Vienna. The main street (Wiedner Hauptstraße) is certainly even older. The district was the site of the former royal Summer residence, which was completed under Ferdinand II, and was expanded many times until Maria Theresa sold it to the Jesuits. Today it is the Theresianum, a prestigious private boarding school, while the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna resides in a wing of the building.

In the beginning of 18th century, the development of Wieden as a suburb began. Many palaces and other buildings were built. Two small Vorstädte in the area of the present fourth district were Hungelbrunn and Schamburgergrund.

These three areas along with a number of others were incorporated into the city of Vienna as the fourth district on March 6, 1850. Because of social and economic differences, Margareten was separated from the fourth district to form the fifth district in 1861.

The so-called Freihaus, built in 1700 and the largest apartment building/tenement of the time, was located in this area, although by 1970 its state had deteriorated. The name has been rehabilitated in recent years to give an identity to the local bars, restaurants and independent retailers.[3] During the occupation by the allies (1945–1955), Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna.

The Vienna University of Technology is located in this district with its main administration buildings being located in Karlsplatz and a nearby satellite campus in the 6th district across the Wienzeile.

Famous residents

St. Charles's Church at night
The ORF Funkhaus (radio building) is located in Wieden

Sights

Notes

  1. ^ "Statistik Austria – Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn seit 2002 nach Politischen Bezirken", Statistik Austria.
  2. ^ a b Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).
  3. ^ http://freihausviertel.at/

References

This article incorporates information from the Deutsch WorldHeritage.
  • "Wien - 5. Bezirk/Wieden", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-wieden (in German).

External links

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