World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

William Daniel Phillips

William Daniel Phillips
Phillips at the 2012 Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
Born (1948-11-05) November 5, 1948
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
Nationality United States
Fields Physics
Institutions NIST
University of Maryland, College Park
Alma mater MIT
Juniata College
Known for Laser cooling
Notable awards Nobel Prize in physics (1997)

William Daniel Phillips (born November 5, 1948) is a Nobel Prize award winning, American physicist. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics, in 1997, with Steven Chu and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Personal life 2
  • Notes and references 3
  • External links 4

Biography

Phillips was born to William Cornelius Phillips and Mary Catherine Savino. He is of Italian and Welsh descent.[1] His parents moved to Camp Hill (near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) in 1959, where he attended high school and graduated valedictorian of his class. He graduated from Juniata College in 1970 summa cum laude. After that he received his physics doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. in 1978, he joined NIST.

In 1996, he received the Albert A. Michelson Medal from The Franklin Institute.[2]

Phillips' doctoral thesis concerned the magnetic moment of the proton in H2O. He later did some work with Bose–Einstein condensates. In 1997 he won the Nobel Prize in Physics together with Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and Steven Chu for his contributions to laser cooling, a technique to slow the movement of gaseous atoms in order to better study them, at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and especially for his invention of the Zeeman slower.

Phillips is also a professor of physics at University of Maryland, College Park.

He was one of the 35 Nobel laureates who signed a letter urging President Obama to provide a stable $15 billion per year support for clean energy research, technology and demonstration.[3]

He is one of three well-known scientists and Methodist laity who have involved themselves in the religion and science dialogue. The other two scientists and fellow Methodists are chemist Charles Coulson and 1981 Nobel laureate Arthur Leonard Schawlow.

In Oct 2010 Phillips participated in the USA Science and Engineering Festival's Lunch with a laureate program where middle and high school students got to engage in an informal conversation with a Nobel Prize–winning scientist over a brown-bag lunch.[4] Phillips is also a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival's Advisory Board.[5]

Personal life

Phillips married Jane Van Wynen shortly before he went to MIT. Neither had been regular churchgoers early in their marriage. However, in 1979, they joined the Fairhaven United Methodist Church in Gaithersburg, Maryland because they appreciated its diversity. He is a founding member of the International Society for Science and Religion. He and his wife have two daughters; Caitlin Phillips (b 1979) who founded Rebound Designs, and Christine Phillips (b 1981) who works in Science Communication.

During a seminar at the UMCP Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry titled Coherent Atoms in Optical Lattices Phillips stated, "Rubidium is God's gift to Bose–Einstein condensates."

Notes and references

  1. ^ http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1997/phillips-autobio.html
  2. ^
  3. ^ Open Letter to President Obama. (PDF) . Retrieved on 2012-01-28.
  4. ^ Lunch with a Laureate at the Wayback Machine (archived June 20, 2010). usasciencefestival.org (2010)
  5. ^ Advisors. Usasciencefestival.org. Retrieved on 2012-01-28.

External links

  • Nobel autobiography
  • Curriculum Vitae from NIST.
  • development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.
  • "Nobelist William Phillips Addresses ASA '99"
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.