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William Oswald Mills

William Oswald Mills
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st district
In office
May 25, 1971 – May 24, 1973
Preceded by Rogers Morton
Succeeded by Robert Bauman
Personal details
Born (1924-08-12)August 12, 1924
Bethlehem, Maryland
Died May 24, 1973(1973-05-24) (aged 48)
Easton, Maryland
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Norma Lee Nichols

William Oswald Mills (August 12, 1924 – May 24, 1973), was a Republican U.S. congressman who represented the 1st Congressional district of Maryland from May 25, 1971 until his death.

Life and career

Mills was born in the small town of Bethlehem, Maryland. He served in the U.S. Army in 1942, during World War II, as part of general George Patton's Third Army. Mills never attended college, instead working his way up in rank at the Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. from 1946 to 1962. Beginning in 1962, he served on the staff of then-congressman Rogers Morton as a Democrat until finally becoming a Republican in 1970. When Morton was appointed United States Secretary of the Interior in 1971, Mills won the special election to succeed him.[1]


On the morning of May 24, 1973, Mills was found dead at a stable near his home in Easton, Maryland at the age of 48. There was an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound to the left side of his chest, and a 12-gauge shotgun and spent casing were found by his side.[2]

It was reported that he had been depressed following the death of three of his Congressional aides in a 1972 car accident, and by the fact that his mentor and predecessor, Rogers Morton, was suffering from cancer.[2] However, five days before his death, it was revealed that Mills had received an undisclosed $25,000 gift from the finance committee of President Richard Nixon's re-election campaign during the 1971 special election. Overall, it was part of $900,000 in unaccounted donations made by the committee, according to the Government Accountability Office. If Mills were convicted of conducting illegal activity, he could have faced a $1,000 fine and one year in prison.[3]

While Mills initially stated that he had done nothing wrong, he began worrying that the campaign contribution would destroy his political career.[3] In one of his suicide notes, Mills stated that he could not prove his innocence and saw suicide as the only solution.[2] Overall, Mills produced at least seven notes, including one to his son warning him to be honest and another to his constituents.[3]

Despite his concern, Maryland authorities claimed soon after his death that he may not have broken the new state campaign finance law, which did not come into full effect until July 1971, two months after his special election.[2] In fact, there were no indications that state authorities were even going to pursue an investigation.[3]


Mills was survived by his wife, Norma Lee Nichols Mills, a 24-year-old daughter, Mrs. Lawrence Haley, and a 16-year-old son, William O. Mills, Jr.[2]


Preceded by
Rogers Morton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st congressional district

1971 – 1973
Succeeded by
Robert Bauman
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