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William Pinkney

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Title: William Pinkney  
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Subject: James Monroe, United States Ambassador to Russia, United States congressional delegations from Maryland, United States Attorney General, 17th United States Congress
Collection: 1764 Births, 1822 Deaths, 19Th-Century American Diplomats, Ambassadors of the United States to Russia, Ambassadors of the United States to the United Kingdom, Burials at the Congressional Cemetery, Democratic-Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Democratic-Republican Party United States Senators, Madison Administration Cabinet Members, Maryland Attorneys General, Maryland Democratic-Republicans, Maryland State Senators, Mayors of Annapolis, Maryland, Members of the Maryland House of Delegates, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Maryland, People from Annapolis, Maryland, United States Army Officers, United States Attorneys General, United States Senators from Maryland
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William Pinkney

William Pinkney
United States Senator
from Maryland
In office
December 21, 1819 – February 25, 1822
Preceded by Alexander C. Hanson
Succeeded by Samuel Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1815 – April 18, 1816
Preceded by Alexander McKim
Succeeded by Peter Little
United States Minister to the United Kingdom
In office
December 11, 1811 – February 9, 1814
President James Madison
Preceded by Caesar A. Rodney
Succeeded by Richard Rush
In office
April 27, 1808 – May 7, 1811
Preceded by James Monroe
Succeeded by Jonathan Russell (chargé d'affaires)
United States Minister to Russia
In office
January 13, 1817 – February 14, 1818
Preceded by James A. Bayard
Succeeded by George W. Campbell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1791 – November 1791
Preceded by Benjamin Contee
Succeeded by John F. Mercer
Personal details
Born (1764-03-17)March 17, 1764
Annapolis, Maryland
Died February 25, 1822(1822-02-25) (aged 57)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Ann Maria Rodgers

William Pinkney (March 17, 1764 – February 25, 1822) was an American statesman and diplomat, and the seventh U.S. Attorney General.


Born in Annapolis, Maryland, Pinkney studied medicine (which he did not practise) and law, becoming a lawyer after his admission to the bar in 1786. After some time practising law in Harford County, Maryland, he participated in Maryland's state constitutional convention.

Pinkney served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1788 to 1792 and then again in 1795, and served as a U.S. Congressman from the third district of Maryland in 1791 and from the fifth district from 1815 until 1816. He was mayor of Annapolis from 1795 to 1800, Attorney General of Maryland from 1805 to 1806, co-U.S. Minister to the Court of St. James (i.e. Great Britain) (with James Monroe) from 1806 to 1807; they negotiated the Monroe–Pinkney Treaty, which was rejected by President Thomas Jefferson and never went into effect. Pinkney was Minister Plenipotentiary from 1808 until 1811. He then returned to Maryland, serving in the Maryland State Senate in 1811. In 1811 he joined President James Madison's cabinet as Attorney General. He was a major in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812 and was wounded at the Battle of Bladensburg, Maryland in August 1814. After the War, he served as congressman from the fifth district of

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