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World Hard Court Championships

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Title: World Hard Court Championships  
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Subject: Tony Wilding, Jean Borotra, Bill Johnston (tennis), Max Decugis, Louis Raymond (tennis), Umberto De Morpurgo, Charles Winslow, Harold Kitson, André Gobert, Arthur Gore (tennis)
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World Hard Court Championships

World Hard Court Championships
Defunct tennis tournament
Founded 1912
Abolished 1923
Location Paris, France (1912–1921)
Brussels, Belgium (1922)
Paris, France (1923)
Surface Clay / Outdoor

World Hard Court Championships (WHCC), frequently considered as the precursor to the French Open was held from 1912 till 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. The venue, was the clay courts of the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud, Paris, with one exception, namely 1922, when they were held at the Royal Leopold Club in Brussels, Belgium. This tournament was open to all international amateur tennis players and was part of a series of world championships being advanced by the ILTF as Majors, the others being the World Grass Court Championships (Wimbledon) and the World Covered Court Championships held in a variety of countries. The US Championships wasn't part of this series, but it was regarded by some (unofficially) as one more event of a Major status.

The WHCC was open to all nationalities unlike the French Championships which were open only to tennis players who were licensed in France through 1924. The French Championships were also held at a different venue at the time, the Racing Club de France, Paris).

The WHCC was not played in 1924, when Paris hosted the Olympic Games, with its tennis event held in the Colombes district on the outskirts of the city being regarded as a championship of sorts. In 1925 the tournament was disbanded when the French Championships opened itself to international competitors with the event held on a clay surface alternately between the Stade Français (1925, 1927), which was the site of the WHCC and the Racing Club de France (1926), which was the site of the previous French Championship.[1] From 1928, the French Championships have been held at Roland Garros.

Champions

1913 World Hard Court Championships men's final between Anthony Wilding and André Gobert (15 June 1913)
1913 World Hard Court Championships ladies' final between Mieken Rieck and Marguerite Brocquedis (15 June 1913)

Men's Singles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Venue
1912 Otto Froitzheim Oskar Kreuzer 6–2, 7–5, 4–6, 7–5 Stade Français, Paris
1913 Anthony Wilding André Gobert 6–3, 6–3, 1–6, 6–4 Stade Français
1914 Anthony Wilding Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten 6–0, 6–2, 6–4 Stade Français
1915 not held – World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920 William Laurentz André Gobert 9–7, 6–2, 3–6, 6–2 Stade Français
1921 Bill Tilden Jean Washer 6–3, 6–3, 6–3 Stade Français
1922 Henri Cochet Count de Gomar 6–0, 2–6, 4–6, 6–1, 6–2 Royal Leopold Club, Brussels
1923 Bill Johnston Jean Washer 4–6, 6–2, 6–2, 4–6, 6–3 Stade Français
1924
not held – Olympics

[2]

Women's Singles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Venue
1912 Marguerite Brocquedis Mieken Rieck 6–3, 0–6, 6–4 Stade Français, Paris
1913 Mieken Rieck Marguerite Brocquedis 6–4, 3–6, 6–4 Stade Français
1914 Suzanne Lenglen Germaine Golding 6–2, 6–1 Stade Français
1915 not held – World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920 Edith Dorothy Holman Francisca Subirana 6–0, 7–5 Stade Français
1921 Suzanne Lenglen Molla Mallory 6–2, 6–3 Stade Français
1922 Suzanne Lenglen Elizabeth Ryan 6–3, 6–2 Royal Leopold Club, Brussels
1923 Suzanne Lenglen Kathleen McKane 6–3, 6–3 Stade Français
1924
not held – Olympics

[2]

Men's Doubles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Venue
1912 Otto Froitzheim
Oskar Kreuzer
Charles Winslow
Harold Kitson
4–6, 6–2, 6–1, 6–3 Stade Français, Paris
1913 Heinrich Kleinschroth
Moritz von Bissing
Otto Froitzheim
Anthony Wilding
7–5, 0–6, 6–3, 8–6 Stade Français
1914 Max Decugis
Maurice Germot
Arthur Gore
Algernon Kingscote
6–1, 11–9, 6–8, 6–2 Stade Français
1915 not held – World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920 André Gobert
William Laurentz
Nicolae Mişu
Cecil Blackbeard
6–4, 6–2, 6–1 Stade Français
1921 André Gobert
William Laurentz
Alain Gerbault
Pierre Albaran
6–4, 6–2, 6–8, 6–2 Stade Français
1922 Jean Borotra
Henri Cochet
Nicolae Mişu
Marcel Dupont
6–8, 6–1, 6–2, 6–3 Royal Leopold Club, Brussels
1923 Jacques Brugnon
Marcel Dupont
Umberto de Morpurgo
Leonce Aslangul
10–12, 3–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–4 Stade Français
1924
not held – Olympics

[2]

Women's Doubles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Venue
1912
no women's doubles event
1913
1914 Suzanne Lenglen
Elizabeth Ryan
Blanche Amblard
Suzanne Amblard
6–1, 6–1 Stade Français, Paris
1915 not held – World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920 Dorothy Holman
Phyllis Satterthwaite
Germaine Golding
Jeanne Vaussard
6–3, 6–1 Stade Français
1921 Germaine Golding
Suzanne Lenglen
Dorothy Holman
Irene Bowder Peacock
6–2, 6–2 Stade Français
1922 Suzanne Lenglen
Elizabeth Ryan
Geraldine Beamish
Kathleen McKane
6–0, 6–4 Royal Leopold Club, Brussels
1923 Geraldine Beamish
Kathleen McKane
Germaine Golding
Suzanne Lenglen
6–2, 6–3 Stade Français
1924
not held – Olympics

[2]

Mixed Doubles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Venue
1912 Anne de Borman
Max Decugis
Mieken Rieck
Heinrich Kleinschroth
6–4, 7–5 Stade Français, Paris
1913 Elizabeth Ryan
Max Decugis
Germaine Golding
Anthony Wilding
walkover Stade Français
1914 Elizabeth Ryan
Max Decugis
Suzanne Lenglen
Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten
6–3, 6–1 Stade Français
1915 not held – World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920 Germaine Golding
William Laurentz
Suzanne Amblard
Max Decugis
walkover Stade Français
1921 Suzanne Lenglen
Max Decugis
Germaine Golding
William Laurentz
6–3, 6–2 Stade Français
1922 Suzanne Lenglen
Henri Cochet
Geraldine Beamish
John Gilbert
6–4, 4–6, 6–0 Royal Leopold Club, Brussels
1923 Suzanne Lenglen
Henri Cochet
Kitty McKane Godfree
John Gilbert
6–2, 10–8 Stade Français
1924
not held – Olympics

See also

References

  1. ^ "Roland Garros: a venue open all year long. Past Winners and Draws". ftt.fr. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d Tingay, Lance (1983). The Guinness book of tennis fact & feats. Guinness Superlatives Limited. p. 231. ISBN . 

External links

  • Detailed history of World Hard Court Championships
  • Detailed results of World Hard Court Championships
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