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Yamato 000593

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Title: Yamato 000593  
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Subject: Astrobiology, ExoMars, SERENDIP, Geyser (Mars), Directed panspermia
Collection: Astrobiology, Martian Meteorites, Meteorites Found in Antarctica, Natural History of Antarctica
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Yamato 000593

Yamato 000593
Yamato 000593 meteorite – 13.7 kg (30 lb) - cube is 1 cm (0.39 in) (NASA; 2012).
Type Achondrite
Structural classification Igneous[1]
Class Martian meteorite[2]
Group Nakhlite[2]
Composition pyroxene 85% [1]
olivine 10%
Shock stage S3[1]
Weathering grade B[3]
Country Antarctica[2]
Region Yamato Glacier[2]
Coordinates [3][4]
Observed fall No
Fall date 50,000 years ago[2]
Found date 2000[2]
TKW 13.7 kg (30 lb)[2]

Yamato 000593 (or Y000593) is the second largest meteorite from Mars found on Earth.[2][5][6] Studies suggest the Martian meteorite was formed about 1.3 billion years ago from a lava flow on Mars. An impact occurred on Mars about 12 million years ago and ejected the meteorite from the Martian surface into space. The meteorite landed on Earth in Antarctica about 50,000 years ago. The mass of the meteorite is 13.7 kg (30 lb) and has been found to contain evidence of past water alteration.[2][5][6][7]

At a microscopic level, spheres are found in the meteorite that are rich in carbon compared to surrounding areas that lack such spheres. The carbon-rich spheres and the observed micro-tunnels may have been formed by biotic activity, according to NASA scientists.[2][5][6]

Contents

  • Discovery and naming 1
  • Description 2
  • Classification 3
  • Images 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Discovery and naming

The 41st Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE) found the meteorite in late December 2000 on the Yamato Glacier at the Queen Fabiola Mountains, Antarctica.[2][8]

Description

The mass of the meteorite is 13.7 kg (30 lb).[2] It is an unbrecciated cumulus

  • Yamato meteorite (PDF) The Astromaterials Acquisition and Curation Office, NASA.

External links

  1. ^ a b c d Yamato meteorite (PDF) The Astromaterials Acquisition and Curation Office, NASA.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ Yamato 000593 Natural History Museum, UK. The Catalogue of Meteorites.
  5. ^ a b c d e
  6. ^ a b c
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b c
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^
  11. ^

References

See also

Microscopic image of Y000593 meteorite shows iddingsite as evidence of water alteration. It displays microtunnels that may have been formed by biotic activity (February 27, 2014).
Y000593 has areas with spheres (red) that have twice the carbon as areas without spheres (blue) (February 27, 2014).
Microscopic image of the Nakhla-like surface of meteorite Yamato 000593 (November 2009).

Images

The Martian meteorite is an igneous rock classified as an achondrite type of the nakhlite group.[2][1]

Classification

[5] may provide deeper insight into the nature of the carbon, and could distinguish between abiotic and biologic carbon incorporation and alteration.mass spectrometry The NASA researchers indicated that [5]

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