World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Yves Chauvin

Yves Chauvin
Born (1930-10-10)October 10, 1930
Menen, Belgium
Died January 27, 2015(2015-01-27) (aged 84)
Tours, France
Nationality France
Institutions French Institute of Petroleum
Alma mater Lyon School of Chemistry, Physics, and Electronics
Known for Deciphering the process of metathesis
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2005)

Yves Chauvin (French: ; October 10, 1930 – January 27, 2015) was a French chemist and Nobel Prize laureate. He was honorary research director at the Institut français du pétrole and a member of the French Academy of Science. He was known for his work for deciphering the process of metathesis for which he was awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry on 2005 along with Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock.[1][2][3][4][5]

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Awards and recognitions 2
  • Research 3
  • Death 4
  • Publications 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Life

Yves Chauvin was on born October 10, 1930 in Menen, Belgium, to French parents; his father worked as an electrical engineer.[6] He graduated in 1954 from the Lyon School of Chemistry, Physics, and Electronics. He began working in the chemical industry but was frustrated there. He is quoted as saying, "If you want to find something new, look for something new...there is a certain amount of risk in this attitude, as even the slightest failure tends to be resounding, but you are so happy when you succeed that it is worth taking the risk."[6] In 1960, Chauvin began working for the French Petroleum Institute in Rueil-Malmaison. He became honorary director of research there following his retirement from the institute in 1995. Chauvin also served as an emeritus (retired) director of research at the Lyon School of Chemistry, Physics, and Electronics.[4]

Awards and recognitions

He was awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock, for his work from the early 1970s in the area of olefin metathesis. Chauvin was embarrassed to receive his award and initially indicated that he might not accept it.[7] He did however receive his award from the King of Sweden and deliver his Nobel lecture.[8] He was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 2005.[9]

Research

Chauvin’s work centred on

  • http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1002/anie.201501336
  • Details about his Nobel Prize
  • General information about the Nobel Prize 2005
  • Yves Chauvin's U.S. Patents
  • Information relating to recent work in the CNRS CPE-Lyon laboratory
  • Yves Chauvin Nobel Lecture, December 8, 2005
  • Video of Chauvin Nobel Lecture

External links

  1. ^  
  2. ^ Olivier-Bourbigou, H (2015). "Yves Chauvin (1930-2015)". Angewandte Chemie International Edition: n/a.  
  3. ^ Mansuy, D (2005). "Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2005. Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock. Metathesis and catalysis honored". médecine/sciences 21 (11): 995–6.  
  4. ^ a b "Britannica". Retrieved February 3, 2015. 
  5. ^ Chauvin, Yves." World Book Student. World Book, 2011. Web. 21 March 2011.
  6. ^ a b Chang, Kenneth, Yves Chauvin, chemist sharing Nobel Prize, dies at 84, New York Times, January 31, 2015, p. B13
  7. ^ SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany (5 October 2005). "Keine Freude: Nobelpreistr臠er findet Auszeichnung peinlich". SPIEGEL ONLINE. 
  8. ^ Karl Grandin, ed. (2005). "Yves Chauvin Biography". Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  9. ^ "Chemistryviews.org". Retrieved February 3, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Humantouchofchemistry.com". Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  11. ^ "NNDB". Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  12. ^ "NobelPrize.org". Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Eluniversal.com". Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/scienze/2015/01/29/news/addio_a_yves_chauvin_nobel_per_la_chimica_2005-106070950/
  15. ^ "Le Nobel de chimie Yves Chauvin est mort". Le Monde.fr. 
  16. ^ "NYT". Retrieved February 3, 2015. 
  17. ^ Chemistry Nobel laureate Yves Chauvin dies aged 84

References

  • A. Martinato, Y. Chauvin, G. Lefebvre, Kinetic aspects of the "period of adjustment" during polymerization (of propylene) with titanium trichloride-triethylaluminium, Compt. Rend. 1964, 258(17), 4271-4273.
  • M. Uchino, Y. Chauvin, G. Lefebvre, Dimerization of propylene by nickel complexes, Compt. Rend. C 1967, 265(2), 103-106.
  • J. L. Herisson, Y. Chauvin, Catalysis of olefin transformations by tungsten complexes. II. Telomerization of cyclic olefins in the presence of acyclic olefins, Makromol. Chem. 1971, 141, 161-176. (Dieser Artikel wird aufgrund eines typographischen Fehlers in der Orginalpublikation gelegentlich mit 1970 als Jahr der Veröffentlichung zitiert.)
  • Y. Chauvin, B. Gilbert, I. Guibard, Catalytic dimerization of alkenes by nickel complexes in organochloroaluminate molten salts, Chem. Comm. 1990, 23, 1715-1716.
  • L. Magna, G. P. Niccolai, Y. Chauvin, J.-M. Basset, The importance of imidazolium substituents in the use of imidazolium based room temperature ionic liquids as solvents for palladium catalyzed telomerization of butadiene with methanol, Organometallics 2003, 22(22), 4418 – 4425.

Publications

Chauvin died at the age of 84, on 27 January 2015 in Tours, France.[16][17]

Death

Chauvin’s description of metathesis led by-products and hazardous waste that must be extracted from the desired synthetic. It was for this process they were awarded with 2005 Chemistry Nobel Prize.[14][15]

[13][12] In the early 1970s Chauvin achieved a breakthrough when he described the mechanism by which a

[11][10]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.