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Zhang Xun (Qing loyalist)

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Zhang Xun (Qing loyalist)

Zhang Xun
Premier of the Qing Dynasty
In office
1 July 1917 – 12 July 1917
Monarch Puyi
President Li Yuanhong
Preceded by Li Jingxi
Succeeded by Duan Qirui
Personal details
Born (1854-09-16)16 September 1854
Died 11 September 1923(1923-09-11) (aged 68)

Zhang Xun (simplified Chinese: 张勋; traditional Chinese: 張勳; pinyin: Zhāng Xūn; September 16, 1854 – September 11, 1923) was a Qing-loyalist general who attempted to restore the abdicated emperor Puyi in the Manchu Restoration of 1917. He supported Yuan Shikai during his time as president.

Biography

Zhang served as a military escort for Empress Dowager Cixi during the Boxer Uprising. He fought for the Qing at Nanjing in 1911, and then after the fall of the Qing, he remained loyal to Yuan Shikai. Despite serving as a general in the new Republic, he refused to cut his queue, as a symbol of his loyalty to the Qing. He was called the "Queue General". He seized Nanjing from the KMT in 1913, defeating the Second Revolution. Despite allowing his troops to savagely loot the city, Zhang was named a field marshal by Yuan.

In 1917 Zhang entered Beijing to restore Puyi along with Kang Youwei but was thwarted by other generals. Zhang then took refuge in the Dutch legation and did not participate in politics again.

He died on September 11, 1923.

References

  • Aisin-Gioro, Pu Yi (1964,1987, 2002). 我的前半生 [The First Half of My Life; From Emperor to Citizen:
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