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Title: Attari  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: National Highway 1 (India)(old numbering), Samjhauta Express, 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings, Attariwalla, Ganda Singh Wala
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Country India
State Punjab

Attari is a village of Amritsar District in the Punjab state of India, 3 km. from the Indo-Pakistani border at Wagah. It is situated 25km. west of the Sikh holy city of Amritsar,[1] and is the last Indian station on the rail route connecting Lahore, Pakistan with the Indian capital Delhi.[2] Attari village was the native village of Sardar Sham Singh Attariwala, one of the generals in the Army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Over the years, trade regulation between the India and Pakistan have been eased, especially after 2007,[3] annual trade through road increased from Rs 6.5 billion in 2007 to Rs 15 billion in 2010-11. After the Integrated Check Post (ICP) was opened at Attari on April 13, 2012 to improve road trade, around 500 trucks have been crossing the border everyday.[4][5]


It is the starting point of the National Highway 1, part of the historic Grand Trunk Road and is also part of AH1, the longest route of the Asian Highway Network. The Samjhauta Express, the train service that actually crosses the international border, the only train that runs from Attari railway station to Wagah, Pakistan a distance of 3 km.[6]

Administratively Attari is one of the five sub-Tehsil and a block in Amritsar district.[7] It is one of the nine Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) segments within Amritsar Lok Sabha constituency.[8] 9. Sub-Tehsil building Attari. 10. Attari Block Building, bus stand Attari, branch of OBC, Bank and State Bank of India, Virk Green Farm Bus Stand Attari and Govt.Sr.Sec. School (Boys) (Girls).

Trans-Asian Railway

Attari Railway Station, looking towards Pakistan, with Goods custom depot (left)

Currently, all freight traffic originating from Asia destined for Europe goes by sea. The Trans-Asian Railway will enable containers from Singapore, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand and Korea to travel over land by train to Europe. The Southern Corridor of the Trans-Asian Railway is of prime interest to India. It connects Yunnan in China and Thailand with Europe via Turkey and passes through India. [9]

The proposed route will enter India through Tamu and Moreh in Manipur bordering Myanmar, then enter Bangladesh through Mahisasan and Shabajpur and again enter India from Bangladesh at Gede. On the western side, the line will enter Pakistan at Attari. There is a 315 kilometres (196 mi) missing link on this route in the India-Myanmar sector; of this, 180 kilometres (110 mi), in India, is between Jiribam in Manipur and Tamu in Myanmar. The rail link between Jiribam and Imphal has been sanctioned by Indian Railways, but that is unlikely to be completed before 2016. At present construction work is in progress in a 97 kilometres (60 mi) stretch between Jiribam and Tupul.[10][11][12][13]

See also


  1. ^ "New checkpost opened at Attari, to boost sub-continental trade". NDTV. April 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ Official website of Northern Railways - India
  3. ^ "Tomato-laden truck covers new ground for India-Pakistan trade". DNA. Oct 1, 2007. 
  4. ^ "After Attari land route to Pakistan, Punjab keen on Hussainiwala". Hindustan Times. April 12, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Traders eye more cross-border trade via Attari". Deccan Herald. Sep 10, 2012. 
  6. ^ Samjhauta only between Attari and Wagah
  7. ^ Administrative Divisions Amritsar district website.
  8. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Punjab website. 
  9. ^ "Trans-Asian Railway". Streamline Supply Chain. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  10. ^ "Agreement on Trans-Asian railway passing through Manipur signed". Larkhawm. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  11. ^ "India signs accord on trans-Asian railway network". The Hindu, 1 July 2007. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  12. ^ "B'desh segment of TAR route preparation shows progress". Financial Express, 18 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  13. ^ "Manipur gets rail gift for Trinamul bypoll win - Tall promises of connecting all capitals of region leaves Northeast industry captains unimpressed". The Telegraph, 26 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  • Attari border will become a trade hub
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