World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0017298397
Reproduction Date:

Title: Telegarden  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Installation art, Ars Electronica Center, Telerobotics, Ken Goldberg, List of garden types
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Commercial? No
Type of site Telerobotics
Registration Optional
Available language(s) English
Created by Ken Goldberg and Joseph Santarromana
Launched June 1995;  (1995-06)
Current status Offline

The TeleGarden was a telerobotic community garden for the Internet. Starting in the mid-1990s, it allowed users to view, plant and take care of a small garden, using an Adept-1[1] industrial robotic arm controlled online.

The project began at the University of Southern California[2] with project directors Ken Goldberg of University of Southern California, and Joseph Santarromana, a University of California, Irvine artist at the time known for his video installations.[3] They envisioned it as an art installation challenging the notion of the Internet[4] and "consider[ing] the 'post-nomadic' community, where survival favors those who work together."[2]

Project members included George A. Bekey, Steven Gentner, Rosemary Morris, Carl Sutter, Jeff Wiegley, and Erich Berger.[2][5] The Telegarden went online in June 1995. During its first year, it attracted over 9000 members.[2] In September 1996, the Telegarden was moved to the Ars Electronica Center in Austria where it was originally planned to be on display for one year,[2] though it ended up remaining active until August 2004 (2004-08).[5]


The concept behind the Telegarden was inspired by the internet. It is a fusion between old technology (agriculture) and new technology (the internet). The notion of a physical garden that is operated by users online was appealing to Goldberg because "it was the most absurd".

This new media art raised questions of the legitimacy of the internet. How are users to know that the garden actually exists, or that any of their motions matter? Goldberg stresses that, "media technology generally facilities the suspension of disbelief."[6]


In its nine years of existence the installation had 10,000 members, and 100,000 people visited the physical exhibit. The user interactivity created a miniature social network. People became protective of plants, even territorial.[7]




External links

  • Telegarden homepage from Ken Goldberg
  • Ken Goldberg's UC Berkeley homepage
  • IEEE
  • Introduction to Telegarden by Ars Electronic (Linz, Austria)
  • Photo Collage and Description from "Database of Virtual Art" (
  • Walker Art Center
  • "A Performance Space without Geographical Boundaries" (1977) from
  • Muntadas's "File Room" (1994)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.