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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1968 ; Issue 924154015X, (Part 2): Part II, Surveillance Operations Am) Vigilance Activities

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000123443
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 3.3 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 1968 ; Issue 924154015X, (Part 2): Part II, Surveillance Operations Am) Vigilance Activities  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 1968 ; Issue 924154015X, (Part 2). Retrieved from http://self.gutenberg.org/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
In the early attack phase the response to attack measures is assessed from the results of serial parasite surveys which, in the later stages will require, in order to be significant, 27 000 and 40 000 blood films per million people in the last two surveys, when the parasite rate reaches the lower limit of 2%. The same people are probably not examined on these two occasions but even if 65 000 people were examined in those twelve months, this represents 6.5% of the population - the process is still a sampling method where the criterla for selection are ecological features, geographical distribution, and perhaps age, and are not based on enhanced possibility of finding cases. As the parasite rate falls under continued effective attack measures the results of sample surveys lose a great part of their significance and become an inefficient method of detecting all parasitaemias. Also, blood film examination of the total population at frequent intervals is not practical.

Table of Contents
5.1 Development of case detection and surveillance in the late attack phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71 5.2 Active case detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74 5.2.1 Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74 5.2.2 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 5.2.2.1 Staffing pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 5.2.2.2 Recruitment. training and functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 5.2.2.3 Equipment and transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 5.2.2.4 Preparation of the area under active case detection ............................79 5.2.3 Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Approach to local authorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Family interview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Slide-taking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Reporting and the routing of slides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Drug administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 Supervision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duties of ACD staff in passive case detection ........... Special considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 Passive case detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.1 Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.2 Planning and organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.2.1 Selection and type of malaria detection posts . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.2.2 Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3 Implementation . . 5.3.3.1 Establishment of MDPs and training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . 3 . 3 . 2 Voluntary collaborators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3.3 Official medical establishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3.4 Equipment and mailing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3.5 Forwarding forms and/or blood slides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3.6 Transmission of information and blood slides to the centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3.7 Supervision and assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

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