Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Principa Mathematica

By Isaac Newton

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0002097031
Format Type: PDF eBook:
File Size: 44.55 MB
Reproduction Date: 8/31/2011

Title: Principa Mathematica  
Author: Isaac Newton
Language: Latin
Subject: Non Fiction, Education, Philosophy-Mathematics
Collections: Mathematics, Calculus, Mathematical Analysis, Geometry, Authors Community, Classical Mechanics, Math, Physics, Favorites from the National Library of China, Philosophy, Cultural Studies, Literature, Most Popular Books in China, Sociology, Law, Government, Language, Favorites in India, Education, Social Sciences, History
Publication Date:
Publisher: Isaac Newton
Member Page: PG Reading Room


APA MLA Chicago

Newton, B. I. (1713). Principa Mathematica. Retrieved from

PhilosophiƦ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Latin for "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy", often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Sir Isaac Newton, first published 5 July 1687. Newton also published two further editions, in 1713 and 1726. The Principia states Newton's laws of motion, forming the foundation of classical mechanics, also Newton's law of universal gravitation, and a derivation of Kepler's laws of planetary motion (which Kepler first obtained empirically). The Principia is "justly regarded as one of the most important works in the history of science". The French mathematical physicist Alexis Clairaut assessed it in 1747: "The famous book of mathematical Principles of natural Philosophy marked the epoch of a great revolution in physics. The method followed by its illustrious author Sir Newton, spread the light of mathematics on a science which up to then had remained in the darkness of conjectures and hypotheses." A more recent assessment has been that while acceptance of Newton's theories was not immediate, by the end of a century after publication in 1687, "no one could deny that" (out of the 'Principia') "a science had emerged that, at least in certain respects, so far exceeded anything that had ever gone before that it stood alone as the ultimate exemplar of science generally." In formulating his physical theories, Newton developed and used mathematical methods now included in the field of calculus. But the language of calculus as we know it was largely absent from the Principia; Newton gave many of his proofs in a geometric form of infinitesimal calculus, based on limits of ratios of vanishing small geometric quantities.


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.