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Methods in Environmental Biotechnology for Environmentalists

By Smarandache, Florentin

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Book Id: WPLBN0002828248
Format Type: PDF eBook:
File Size: 1.86 MB
Reproduction Date: 7/17/2013

Title: Methods in Environmental Biotechnology for Environmentalists  
Author: Smarandache, Florentin
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Science, Environmental Biotechnology
Collections: Technology, Environmental Economics, Science Fiction Collection, Algebra, Authors Community, Math, Chemistry, Agriculture, Biology, Medicine, Literature, Most Popular Books in China, Favorites in India
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Public Library
Member Page: Florentin Smarandache


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Smarandache, B. F., & Vasantha Kandasamy, W. B. (2013). Methods in Environmental Biotechnology for Environmentalists. Retrieved from

This book has five chapters. First chapter is introductory in nature. Here we just study chemical pollution caused by garment industries in chapter two of this book using fuzzy associative memories. In chapter three we give ways to control pollution by improving the system performance using hierarchical genetic fuzzy control algorithm. This study is carried out using the past data reported by Shimada et al (1995). Health hazards suffered by the agriculture labourers; caused by the chemicals used as fertilizers and pesticides is analysed in chapter four using RTD matrices. Chapter five gives a method of minimization of SOx and NOx using fuzzy control theory in cement industries to reduce pollution.

In this chapter, we have used the fuzzy control method to find the correct measure of pressure and speed of kiln. Using data from Alathur cement industry, we have used mean of maximum method of fuzzy control with the data and we found the pressure and speed of kiln. Here the speed and pressure of kiln are important parameters in the kiln, because the SOx and N0X concentration is dependent on the kiln feed, coal feed and the kiln feed, coal feed are dependent on speed and pressure of kiln. That means if we increase the kiln feed and coal feed we must increase the kiln pressure and speed. By this way the mixing of SOx and NOx with kiln feed is maintained properly or otherwise the SOx and NOx will not mix fully with the kiln feed. The remaining unmixed gases of SOx and NOx are the wastage polluting the environment. For this, we convert all this kiln feed and coal feed level and pressure of kiln and speed of kiln into fuzzy control. By using fuzzy control we identify a correct pressure and speed of the kiln for a given kiln feed and coal feed. When we choose a correct pressure of kiln and speed of kiln through fuzzy control, the SOx and NOx are fully mixed in the kiln. By this we minimize the wastage of SOx and NOx polluting the environment.

Table of Contents
Preface 5 Chapter One INTRODUCTION 7 Chapter Two USE OF FAM MODELS TO ANALYSE THE POLLUTION CAUSED BY THE GARMENT INDUSTRIES 11 Chapter Three HIERARCHICAL GENETIC ALGORITHM TO IMPROVE THE SYSTEM PERFORMANCE AND REDUCE POLLUTION BY CHEMICAL PLANTS 51 3.1 Introduction 51 3.2 Description of the Problem 53 3.3 Application of Hierarchical Genetic Fuzzy Control Algorithm to Control Process Variables of Decision Tables in Chemical Plants 56 3.4 Use of Hierarchical Genetic Fuzzy Control Algorithm in the Real Data 58 3.5 Conclusions 73 Chapter Four IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAXIMUM AGE GROUP IN WHICH THE AGRICULTURAL LABOURERS SUFFER HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO CHEMICAL POLLUTION USING RTD MATRIX 75 4.1 Introduction 75 4.2 Estimation of the Maximum Age Group of the Agricultural Labourers having Cardio Vascular Problem due to Chemical Pollution using RTD Matrices 77 4.3 Conclusion 93 Chapter Five MINIMIZATION OF SOX AND NOX USING FUZZY CONTROL THEORY IN CEMENT INDUSTRIES TO REDUCE POLLUTION 95 5.1 Introduction 95 5.2 Description of the Problem 97 5.3 Process Fates of Sulfur in Cement Kiln 98 5.4 Process Fates of Nitrogen in Cement Kiln 99 5.5 Process under Fuzzy Control System 100 5.6 Adaptation of Fuzzy Control Method to find the Speed of Kiln for Minimizing the Waste Gas of SOx and NOx 102 5.7 Conclusions 130 FURTHER READING 133 INDEX 141 ABOUT THE AUTHORS 142


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