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Title: Caudillo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Francoist Spain, Francisco Franco, José Manuel Hernández, Manuel Azaña, Dictatorship
Collection: Argentine Civil War, Francoist Spain, Spanish Language, Titles of National or Ethnic Leadership
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Juan Manuel de Rosas, c. 1841 by Cayetano Descalzi, considered as the paradigm of the caudillo
1963 Spanish peseta coin with the image of Francisco Franco and inscribed Caudillo de España, Por la Gracia de Dios (Spanish: "Caudillo of Spain, by the Grace of God")

A Caudillo (Spanish pronunciation: ; Old Spanish: cabdillo, from Latin capitellum, diminutive of caput "head") was a military-landowner that possessed political power and exercised it in a form considered authoritarian by its oppositors. The term could be translated into English as leader or chief, or more pejoratively as warlord, dictator or strongman. Caudillo was the term used to refer to the charismatic populist leaders among the people. Caudillos had an immense impact upon Hispanic America that still influence the current political scenario.

The term originally referred to military power: demagogic) and even without state responsibilities like cacique in Spain and oligarchicalplutocratic power.


The related caudillismo is a cultural phenomenon that first appeared during the early 19th century in revolutionary South America, as a type of militia leader with a charismatic personality and enough of a populist program of generic future reforms to gain broad sympathy, at least at the outset, among

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