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Naveen Patnaik

Naveen Patnaik
14th Chief Minister of Odisha
Assumed office
5 March 2000
Governor M. M. Rajendran
Rameshwar Thakur
Murlidhar Chandrakant Bhandare
S. C. Jamir
Preceded by Hemananda Biswal
Constituency Hinjili[1]
Cabinet Minister
Ministry of Mines
In office
19 March 1998 – 8 March 2000
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Aska
In office
1997 – 8 March 2000
Preceded by Biju Patnaik
Succeeded by Kumudini Patnaik
Personal details
Born (1946-10-16) 16 October 1946
Cuttack, Orissa, British India
Nationality Indian
Political party Biju Janata Dal
Other political
Janata Dal (1996–98)
Residence Naveen Nivas, Bhubaneswar
Alma mater Kirori Mal College
Profession Writer, politician
Religion Hinduism
Website Official BJD page
Chief Minister of Odisha

Naveen Patnaik (born 16 October 1946) is 14th and current Chief Minister of Odisha, a state in eastern India. The founding chief of the Biju Janata Dal political party, he is also a writer and has published three books. His attempts to bring in transparency in the system and his drive against corruption in high places, including his own party BJD, have given him the epithet of "Mr Clean" and voted as most popular chief minister.[2]


  • Biography 1
    • Elections 2000 1.1
    • Elections 2004 1.2
    • Elections 2009 1.3
    • Elections 2014 1.4
  • Language 2
  • Awards and recognitions 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Patnaik was born on 16 October 1946 in Cuttack in a Karan family[3] to Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha, and his wife Gyan Patnaik.[4] Patnaik was educated at Wehlams Boys School, Dehra Dun,St. Lawrence School, Shimla and The Doon Schoo.[5][6][7][8][9][10] After that he attended Kirori Mal College,[11] Delhi University, and he qualified for Bachelor of Arts degree.[12] Naveen Patnaik is a writer and had for most part of his youth been away from both politics and Odisha, but after his father Biju Patnaik's demise, he entered politics in 1997 and a year later founded the Biju Janata Dal, named after Biju Patnaik, which won the state election with the BJP as its alliance and formed the government in which Patnaik became Chief Minister. His mild mannerism, "stand against corruption" and "pro-poor policies" have resulted in the development of a huge support base in Odisha, which has voted him to power in the last three consecutive terms. Like his father, he has managed to control the bureaucracy and transformed it into a machine for the development of the state.[13]

Elections 2000

After the death of his father Biju Patnaik, leader of the Janata Dal,[12] he was elected as a member to the 11th Lok Sabha in the by-election from Aska Parliamentary Constituency in Odisha, India.[12] He was a member of the Consultative Committee of Ministry of Steel & Mines, Member of Standing Committee on Commerce, and Member Library Committee of Parliament. A year later the Janta Dal split and Patnaik founded the Biju Janta Dal which in alliance with the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) performed well and Patnaik was selected the Union Minister for Mines in the cabinet of A.B.Vajpayee. However, as the BJD won the majority of seats in alliance with the BJP in the Odisha Assembly elections, Patnaik resigned from the Union cabinet and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha in 2000.

Elections 2004

All this led to the rise in the popularity of A. B. Vajpayee and the BJP, the NDA was again victorious in 2004 and Patnaik continued as the Chief Minister, but the friction between the ruling partners was getting more and more apparent, especially after the killing of Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati[14] in the Kandhamal district of Odisha in 2007–2008 and also active participation of Bajrang Dal in the riots that hit Kandhamal region.

Elections 2009

In the run-up to the polls for the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2009, BJD walked out of the NDA after severing ties with the BJP and joined the nascent Third Front constituted mainly by the Left Front and few regional parties.[15] He did it after severely criticising BJP's involvement in Kandhamal anti-Christian riots during 2007. The BJD won a resounding victory in both the Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly) as well as the Lok Sabha elections in 2009, bagging 14 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats and 103 of the 147 assembly seats and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha on 21 May 2009 for the third consecutive term.[16]

Elections 2014

Naveen Patnaik won a huge victory in both the 2014 Indian General Elections and the Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2014. Naveen Patnaik's Biju Janata Dal secured 20 out of the 21 Lok Sabha Seats of Odisha and 117 of the 147 Odisha Vidhan Sabha Seats.[17]


Naveen Patnaik spent most of his early days away from Odisha so he couldn't learn the Odiya language. He is the only chief minister of India who does not Speak regional language of the state. However he possesses great mastery over Hindi and English language. At rallies, he delivers Odiya speeches written in English.[18]

Awards and recognitions

  • Naveen Patnaik was felicitated by the United Nations (UN) for an effort to evacuate nearly a million people ahead of tropical storm, Cyclone Phailin, that made a landfall on coastal Odisha in October 2013.[19]
  • Naveen Patnaik was ranked the Most Popular Chief Minister of India by [20]
  • Naveen Patnaik was ranked the Second Best Performing Chief Minister by NDTV Opinion Poll.[21]


  • A Second Paradise: Indian Country Life 1590–1947 – Published in India, England and US
  • A Desert Kingdom: The People of Bikaner – Published in India, England and US
  • The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India- Published in India, England and US
  • Sacred Geography of Puri: Structure And Organisation, And Cultural Role Of A Pilgrim Centre – Published in India, England and US


  1. ^ "Naveen Patnaik wins from Hinjili in Orissawork=India Today". 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  2. ^ , 18 May, 2009The HinduFrom greenhorn to history-scripting politician,
  3. ^
  4. ^ Naveen Patnaik's master stroke in Odisha – India News. (11 March 2009). Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  5. ^ Reshmi R Dasgupta, TNN 10 May 2004, 03.13am IST (10 May 2004). "Naveen Patnaik sets stage for GeNext Doscos – Economic Times". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Ex-Doon mates mount pressure on Naveen Niwas, Kamal rings up Pappu". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Doon dosti gets Naveen Rs 20,000 cr – India – DNA". 6 August 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  8. ^ "India's Independent Weekly News Magazine". Tehelka. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Sandeep Mishra, TNN 11 February 2012, 04.41AM IST (11 February 2012). "Excise minister resigns over hooch tragedy – Times of India". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "Naveen Patnaik: The man who would be king, or would he? – Economic Times". 26 February 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Profile-Chief Minister of Odisha". Orissa. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c "Profile-Chief Minister of Orissa". Orissa. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  13. ^ For Naveen, politics is a way to complete father's agenda. (10 May 1997). Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  14. ^ Ram Madhav, "Local factors led to Kandhamal violence", 8 January 2008, Rediff India Abroad.
  15. ^ Kandhamal caused BJP-BJD break-up: Naveen Patnaik – Politics News – IBNLive. (3 February 2010). Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ "Naveen Patnaik fails language test". Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  19. ^ "UN citation to Naveen for Phailin evacuation" ( 
  20. ^ "Naveen Patnaik voted most popular chief minister". 18 May 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2004. 
  21. ^ "NDTV Opinion Poll One Year Report Card of UPA 2". 18 May 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 

External links

  • Notable personalities of Odisha, including Naveen Patnaik, in Orissadiary website
  • Notable personalities of Odisha as per the Govt. of Odisha official web site
  • Odisha's accidental politician, BBC
Preceded by
Hemananda Biswal
Chief Minister of Odisha
5 March 2000–present
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