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The Renaissance of Science : The Story of the Atom and Chemistry

By: Ph.D. Albert Martini

.... The most significant discoveries in chemistry and physics are presented chronologically to illustrate their contributions to the creation of the chemical sciences during the last 21 centuries....

... to express the full extent of my emotions and reasons for writing this book on the STORY OF THE ATOM AND THE SCIENCES, with special reference to the CHEMICAL SCIENCES. In one sentence, I can distill the essence of the purpose for this study by simply stating that it has been a labor of love that transcended the written word because sentiments and ideas belong in the rea...

...CT ON THE ATOM AND ITS ENERGY 11 THE CLASSIC GREEK AND ROMAN PHILOSOPHERS 17 EMPEDOCLES (492-432 BC) Greek Philosopher 20 Proposed the four basic elements: earth, water, air and fire. DEMOCRITUS (470-380 BC) Greek Philosopher 22 The founder of the atomic theory of antiquity. CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY (100-170) Greek Astronomer 24 Proponent of the geocentric theory of our ...

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The Renaissance of Science: The Story of the Atom, Mathematics, Astronomy and Physics

By: Dr. Albert Martini

...ATEST FUNDAMENTAL INVENTIONS CREATED BY MOTHER NATURE THE ATOM AND ITS CAPACITY TO STORE AND RELEASE UNIVERSAL ENERGY BY MEANS OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROCESSES THE CELL AND ITS CAPACITY TO SUSTAIN INDEPENDENT LIFE BY MEANS OF UNIQUE BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES THE PROCESS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND ITS CAPACITY TO TRANSFORM SOLAR (LIGHT) ENERGY INTO CHEMICAL AND FO...

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Links and Factoids

By: Sam Vaknin

...ty of Agricultural Sciences and Italy's University of Cagliari discovered that the chemicals emitted by the flower - three types of oligosulphides ... ...ifically. Latent prints lifted off crime scenes with the application of special chemicals or ultraviolet light are often incomplete or indistinc... ...the first known case, in 1941, a Norwegian woman spoke in a German accent. All the elements of pronunciation shift - pacing, rhythm, intonation, an... ... Technology published study according to which 1.6 kilograms of fuel, 72 grams of chemicals and 32 kilograms of water are consumed in the manufact... ...utilizes 160 times the amount of energy needed to make mere silicon. Thousands of chemicals are used in the process, some of them highly toxic. ... ...tp://mintaka.sdsu.edu/GF/mirages/mirintro.html http://www.islandnet.com/~see/weather/elements/mirage1.htm Miss America Mary Katherine Campbell, the o... ... When the food is high energy, we taste it as sweet. When the food contains certain chemicals it tastes salty. Heated food releases more molecule...

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G-Dimensional Theory & the Smarandache Quantum Paradoxes : Comparative Logic and Modern Quantum Theory

By: L. Stephen Young

...omparative validity of conflicting statements in terms of their paradoxical elements. In fact, given the above broad definitions, it appears the sci... ... on a subjective value system, so that comparative methodology has inherent elements of uncertainty, i.e. characteristics of neutrosophy. [31] [36] ... ...ical characteristics in set {A} ∋ { a 1 , a 2 , a 3 ,…a n }, is composed of elements, {S} ∋ {s 1 + s 2 + s 3 +...+ s n }, having physical characte... ... variance with modern theory ―particularly in regard to the SQP paradoxical elements. Thus, the Smarandache quantum paradox set should provides an e... ...um distance ―the corners of the nuclear cube. 11. This indicates the noble elements, (Column 8A, Periodic Table), should possess perfect nuclear cu... ...charge field domains. For example, the exothermic or endothermic nature of chemical reactions indicates considerable energy stored in molecular bon... ...1994. [25] ibid., p. 169. [26] ibid., p. 74. [27] Masterton, Slowinski; CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES, Fourth Edition., Figure 6.14 Ionization energies of ...

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The Silver Lining: Moral Deliberations in Modern Cinema

By: Sam Vaknin, Ph. D.

...s clear that we do not acquire the hardware (neurones) and software (electrical and chemical pathways) we are born with. But it is equally clear tha... ...acquire" both brain mass and the contents of our brains (its wiring or irreversible chemical changes) through learning and experience. Does this pro... ... a partial parallel, at best: the computer and word processing software are passive elements. It is my brain that does the authoring. And so, the my... ...by definition, a part of Nature. His tools are natural. He interacts with the other elements of Nature and modifies it - but so do all other species... ... completely lack organisation. Yet, structure and organization are mere language elements. They are “in our head” so to speak. They do not exist ... ...e range of planetary habitability is much larger than thought. But whatever their chemical composition, most Alien species are likely to be sentie...

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I and Thou

By: Martin Bube

...nging to the tree is in this: its form 7 and structure, its colours and chemical composition, its intercourse with the elements and with the stars... ...structure, its colours and chemical composition, its intercourse with the elements and with the stars , are all present in a single whole. The tre... ...he blessed eye that considers its own radiance, and the friendship of the elements accompanies the man into the stillness of dying and becoming. Th...

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The Natural State, In the Words of U.G. Krishnamurti

By: U.G. Krishnamurti, Edited by Peter Maverick

...ur natural state will blast every cell, every gland, every nerve. It is a chemical change. An alchemy of some sort takes place. But this state has no... ...ort takes place. But this state has nothing to do with the experiences of chemical drugs. Those are experiences, this is not. _______ Does such a... ...false continuity, which destroys the body. It is radically disturbing the chemical balance of the body. The body, which is only interested in surviva... ...ystem demands that relationships be based on love, but the most important elements are security and possessiveness. When your hold on the other weak... ... I think our whole thinking has to be put on a different track. It is all chemical. If, as they say, desires are hormones, then the whole ethical co...

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Fuzzy and Neutrosophic Analysis of Women with Hiv/Aids

By: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy and Florentin Smarandache

...e space. We further assume no intermediate relation exists within the domain elements or node and the range space elements. The number of elements ... ... of elements in the range space need not in general be equal to the number of elements in the domain space. Thus throughout this section we assume t... ...mediate relations exist within the domain and the range spaces. The number of elements or nodes in the range space need not be equal to the number o... ...lements or nodes in the domain space. Throughout this section we assume the elements of a domain space are taken from the neutrosophic vector spac... ...erval [0, 1] as in IFS. e) NS, like dialetheism, can describe paradoxist elements, NS(paradoxist element) = (1, I, 1), while IFL can not descri... ...eory, fuzzy groups, and applications of fuzzy theory of the problems faced in chemical industries and cement industries. Currently, six Ph.D. schola...

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God Prophecy

By: Dr. Paraskev

...icles and they are manifestations of the same laws of nature - biological, chemical, physical, astrophysical, etc. According to these laws, organism a... ...r becomes the second structural element of our method. And thus, these two elements Goodness and prayer become all that method is, all that method...

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Unlocking the Zohar

By: Rav Michael Laitman

...hat there is an immediate reward for altruistic behavior in the form of a chemical called “dopamine,” released in the benefactor’s brain and prompti... ...what we have said before to restore some order. Reality consists of three elements: the light, the power of love and giving (the creator), the will ... ...de, male and female. These are only a few examples because each of these elements of reality has many names in The Zohar, taken from the language o... ...e rest of reality in it, called “angels,” “clothes,” and “palaces,” whose elements are innumerable. Bear in mind that although The Zohar elucidates e... ...illed; the cold can be heated; the solid can be turned to liquid through chemical operations, and the liquid into air, meaning only gas, where any ... ...f the Daat. 78) Similarly, the creator created the body out of four basic elements: Fire, wind, dust, and water, similar to Neshama to Abraham 225... ...orld. fIve oUTleTS of The MoUTh Lech Lecha [Go f orth] 79) …And those four elements, which are four Behinot [discernments], Hochma, Bina, Tifferet, a...

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Dangerous Times II Edition : Living in and surviving the dangerous times: Living in and surviving the dangerous times

By: Magen Ha Cherut, Ph.D.; Occulta Aspicientis, Ph.D., Co-Author

... there would be no examples of people raising themselves above the scum they were born in and reaching high levels of society. Understanding of the elements of high culture, its systemic approach to organizing one’s life, can be practiced by virtually everybody. One just needs to want to elevate themselves and work towards that goal, which may involve getting better tr...

.... . . . . . . . . . 177 28.6 Concealed carrying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 29 Explosives and chemical weapons basics 181 29.1 Common explosives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 29.2 Lab safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

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Native Use of Fish in Hawaii

By: Margaret Titcomb

...reat. A deleterious mercury content had not yet been detected in the great billfish and tunas. There were fewer oil despoliations, and the dumping of chemicals and radioactive wastes had not yet reached a level which would, in the next two decades, cause great submarine areas to be laid waste. Nor had commercial fisheries yet developed their omnivorous technical expertise ...

...FISH, including shellfish, were the main protein-giving elements of the Hawaiian diet. Pig, dog, chicken and wild birds furnished some additional proteins but the comparatively small supply marked them more for the chiefs than the commoners use. Daily life was one of fishing and c...

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Today's Take on Einstein's Relativity

By: Homer B. Titon and Florentin Smarandache

...ck do not in the conceptual edifice of physics play the part of irreducible elements, but that of composite structures, which may not play any indep... ...like the “light cone” equation 0 2 2 2 = − σ τ d d c ( 0 ≠ σ d , 0 ≠ τ d ), elements of which are world-trajectories of light-like particles. But, i... ...rvable quantities. So teleporting photons move along trajectories which are elements of the world-cone (like the light cone) in that space- time area... ...onents of the circuit like a battery or energy supply. The passive circuit elements like the capacitors and inductors and resistors can be modeled ... ...ion in the function space can be represented as a long sum whose terms have elements from the spectral set as factors. For example, the set {sin(nx)... ...echnology, proceedings of the Third International Conference of The Electro-chemical Society, Inc. 30 East 42 Street, New York, NY 10017; Editor Ro...

...ndence in the real world. It is also clear that the solid body and the clock do not in the conceptual edifice of physics play the part of irreducible elements, but that of composite structures, which may not play any independent part in theoretical physics." / Einstein then went on to say that, in spite of the foregoing comment, we should temporarily support the use of the...

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Aesthetics

By: Florentin Smaradanche

...suspension of the absurdity. In the table of distribution of the specific elements, it is collocated in the category of annihilators and perifractors... ...ician, a notional pulverization, including for this purpose heterogeneous elements, from scientific notions up to drawings, signs and the lack of th... ... of any word or literary sign whatever), any abstract sign (mathematical, chemical, physical) put on a page... The nonliterature, created in a par... ...the paradoxist essentiality should be? Here is the chart of the composing elements: a clear sweep of the former literature, the consideration of the... ...ity means impossibility. The poetical practice always results in other new elements, different of the obedient ones, like the continuation of a theor... ... “non-determined”, of the well thought “imperfection”. These are starting elements that combine a presentiment with regard to a “somewhere” reached o... ...tion in the relations domain at the king court”) and “Chinese, Bengalis, Chemical, Physical, Martian, Astrological, Metagalactical, ... prose” (the ...

...ance. The aesthetic behaviour of the paradoxism characterized by the auto-suspension of the absurdity. In the table of distribution of the specific elements, it is collocated in the category of annihilators and perifractors of the convention (by the side of the comic, the ridicule, the grotesque, the absurd)....

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The Art of Anti-War

By: Florentin Smarandache

...s of interior ballistic...........................38 Non-Assignment 2, Meeting 2: The exterior ballistic..................39 The trajectory and its elements .........................39 Notions about the aiming............................40 The non-determination of the median point. Scattering. ................42 The laws of the non-scattering ............................

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The World Factbook: 1987

By: Central Intelligence Agency

... (1985 est.); machin- ery, machine tools, iron and steel products, textiles, chemicals, Pharmaceuticals Major trade partners: exports Yugosla- via, Cz... ...ng (espe- cially meat packing), motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals, printing, and metallurgy Steel: 2.9 million metric tons produc... ...ndustries: mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals Crude steel: 6.6 million metric tons pro- duced, 420 kg per cap... ...lf- sufficient Major industries: foods, iron and steel, machinery, textiles, chemicals, electrical, paper and pulp Crude steel: 5.3 million metric ton... ...steel products, machinery and equip- ment, lumber, textiles, paper products, chemicals Imports: $20.8 billion (c.i.f, 1984); ma- chinery and equipment... ...officially atheist, but traditionally pragmatic and eclectic; most important elements of religion are Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism; about 2-3% M... ...9 municipalities Legal system: based on Spanish and American law, with large elements of Communist legal theory; new constitution 2 December 1976; doe... ...legal theory, with both civil law system (civil code of 1960) and common law elements; constitution adopted 1949 amended 1972; Supreme Court renders d... ... special cities; governors/mayors centrally appointed Legal system: combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, a...

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Fuzzy Relational Maps and Neutrosophic Relational Maps

By: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy and Florentin Smarandache

...nal products 164 Chapter Two SOME APPLICATIONS OF FRE 2.1 Use of FRE in Chemical Engineering 167 2.2 New FRE to estimate the peak hours o... ... motor-drive system 197 2.10 Application of genetic algorithm to problems in chemical industries 199 2.11 Semantics of implication operators ... ... has 10 sections: we elaborately give the applications of FRE in flow rates in chemical industry problems, preference and determination of peak hou... ...m X to Y, binary relations R(X, Y) may assign to each element of X two or more elements of Y. Some basic operations on functions such as the invers... ...n that each element of Y has to an element of X is equal to the degree of that elements membership in the range of R. In addition, the height of a ... ...responding to one set is distinguished from nodes representing the other set. Elements of X × Y with non-zero membership grades in R(X, Y) are rep... ... ik ] ° [q kj ] where r ij = k max min (p ik q kj ). Observe that the same elements of P and Q are used in the calculation of R as would be use... ... give several of the applications of fuzzy relational equations in studies like chemical engineering, transportation, medicine etc. The fuzzy relati... ... applied to special problem. [81, 85, 100-101,111, 114] 2.1 Use of FRE in chemical engineering The use of fuzzy relational equations (FRE) f...

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Noi Functii in Teoria Numerelor

By: Florentin Smarandache

...nal products 164 Chapter Two SOME APPLICATIONS OF FRE 2.1 Use of FRE in Chemical Engineering 167 2.2 New FRE to estimate the peak hours o... ... motor-drive system 197 2.10 Application of genetic algorithm to problems in chemical industries 199 2.11 Semantics of implication operators ... ... has 10 sections: we elaborately give the applications of FRE in flow rates in chemical industry problems, preference and determination of peak hou... ...m X to Y, binary relations R(X, Y) may assign to each element of X two or more elements of Y. Some basic operations on functions such as the invers... ...n that each element of Y has to an element of X is equal to the degree of that elements membership in the range of R. In addition, the height of a ... ...responding to one set is distinguished from nodes representing the other set. Elements of X × Y with non-zero membership grades in R(X, Y) are rep... ... ik ] ° [q kj ] where r ij = k max min (p ik q kj ). Observe that the same elements of P and Q are used in the calculation of R as would be use... ... give several of the applications of fuzzy relational equations in studies like chemical engineering, transportation, medicine etc. The fuzzy relati... ... applied to special problem. [81, 85, 100-101,111, 114] 2.1 Use of FRE in chemical engineering The use of fuzzy relational equations (FRE) f...

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Encyclopedia of Home Remedies for Better Life

By: Dr Izharul Hasan

...e your own natural hair care products and save a bundle in hair treatments. Chemicals and detergents contained in those herbal shampoos and condit... ... much drugs. In fact, if you don't already know this.... Drug medications are chemical substances that are toxins to your body. If left accumulated ... ... the airway. It can be either mild or severe. Metabolic acidosis occurs when chemical changes in the body disturb the body's acid-base balance, cre... ... people, alcohol is a form of self-medication, related to low levels of brain chemicals, such as serotonin, dopamine and noradrenalin. Alcohol is th... ...an enzyme that regulates the activity of acetylcholine, which is an important chemical of the brain that maintains healthy learning and memory funct... ...eal. 2. Parsley is another effective remedy for arteriosclerosis. It contains elements which help to maintain the blood vessels, particularly the ca... ...r better life Author: Dr Izharul Hasan Page 82 skin from exposure to the elements like sunlight also increase the risk of bruising. Women also ...

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Applications of Bimatrices to Some Fuzzy and Neutrosophic Models

By: Florentin Smarandache

...∪ (B 1 + B 2 ). Thus two bimatrices are added by adding the corresponding elements only when compatibility of usual matrix addition exists. ... ...dence maps that associates with each element of E i (G) an unordered pair of elements of V i (G) i = 1, 2. It is to be noted that E 1 (G 1 ) ... ...simple. A bigraph G = G 1 ∪ G 2 is bisimple if |G| = n that is number of elements in G 1 and G 2 without repetition i.e. o (G 1 ∪ G 2 ) = o(... ...ion between the health hazards the agricultural labourer suffers 94 due to chemical pollution. Let us taken the 11 attributes (P 1 , P 2 ,…, P 11... ... – Ulcer / skin ailments in legs and hands P 3 – Manuring the fields with chemical fertilizers P 4 – Vomiting P 5 – Mouth and stomach ... ...e at a fixed bipoint as the bihidden pattern. Thus manuring the field with of chemical fertilizers makes all the coordinates on except P 4 which im... ...ey may not suffer the symptom of vomiting because of manuring the field with chemical fertilizers. Now we study the effect of the attribute Head... ...ed by them due to spray of pesticides insecticides and manuring the plants by chemical fertilizers. At the first stage we take arbitrary attributes ... ...concepts. We further assume no intermediate relation exists within the domain elements or node and the range spaces elements. The number of elements...

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