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Probability distribution (X)

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 Book Id: WPLBN0004102229 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Doppler Effect ► Abstract Description Details... think it is 50-50 chances that an object would move toward or away. It might be intuitive, however, it is far from the truth. This study derives the probability function of blueshift vs. redshift effect of signal detection.... Excerpt Details... redshift could continue beyond the limit of observation. This natural of Doppler effect makes redshift highly dominating in all observations. The probability function of blueshift is the risk of collision. It is also the chance to interact in dynamics. I believe it can be use to study risk vs. survival, navigation, dynamic interaction, and other applications.... Table of Contents Details...1 Introduction 2 Creation of Doppler Effect 3 Mathematical Model of Blueshift Detection in Space 4 Probability Function of Blueshift Detection 5 Probability Distribution of Blueshift Detection 6 Underlying Conditions 7 Probability Function in Surface Observation 8 Probability Function in Linear Observation 9 Summary ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0004102214 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Blueshift vs. Redshift ► Abstract Description Details... think it is 50-50 chances that an object would move toward or away. It might be intuitive, however, it is far from the truth. This study derives the probability function of blueshift vs. redshift effect of signal detection. ... Excerpt Details... redshift could continue beyond the limit of observation. This natural of Doppler effect makes redshift highly dominating in all observations. The probability function of blueshift is the risk of collision. It is also the chance to interact in dynamics. I believe it can be use to study risk vs. survival, navigation, dynamic interaction, and other applications.... Table of Contents Details...1 Introduction 2 Creation of Doppler Effect 3 Mathematical Model of Blueshift Detection in Space 4 Probability Function of Blueshift Detection 5 Probability Distribution of Blueshift Detection 6 Underlying Conditions 7 Probability Function in Surface Observation 8 Probability Function in Linear Observation 9 Summary ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0004023658 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Redshift ► Abstract Table of Contents Details...1 Introduction 2 Creation of Doppler Effect 2.1 Limited Range of Doppler Blueshift 2.2 Mathematical Model of Blueshift Detection in Space 2.3 Probability Function of Blueshift Detection 2.4 Probability Distribution of Blueshift Detection 2.5 Underlying Conditions 2.6 Cross-Check with Redshift Survey 2.7 Probability Function in Surface Observation 2.8 Probabili...
 Book Id: WPLBN0003972034 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Radiation ► Abstract Table of Contents Details...1 Introduction 1 2 Creation of Doppler Effect 2.1 Limited Range of Doppler Blueshift 2.2 Mathematical Model of Blueshift Detection in Space 2.3 Probability Function of Blueshift Detection 2.4 Probability Distribution of Blueshift Detection 2.5 Underlying Conditions 2.6 Cross-Check with Redshift Survey 2.7 Probability Function in Surface Observation 2.8 Probabil...
 Book Id: WPLBN0003972045 Subjects: Non fiction., Science ► Abstract Table of Contents Details...1 Introduction 1 2 Probability Function of Doppler Effect 3 NED’s Redshift Survey Database 4 Estimate Age of The Universe Based On NED Database 5 Cosmic Background Radiation 6 Can We Really Tell The Size & Age of The Universe? 7 Appendix I...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097085 ► Abstract Full Text Search Details... as interpreted by modern quantum theory. Quantum theorists use statistical probability in the case for non-structural projection and would assume t... ...rge repulsion, interior to a spherical nuclear volume, will not result in a distribution of electron potential wells in accordance with the octet rul... ...], where l is the average length between absorption- emission events and the probability of success of each event must be 100% for a successful event ... ...ity of success of each event must be 100% for a successful event set. The probability of this event-set differs markedly from that of reflection, w... ... (1/n). A proportional relationship is inferred between the nuclear density distribution in a matter field and n; so that refraction is treated as t... ...indicated is a proportional function between wavelength and nuclear density distribution, so that, diffraction and refraction may be considered join... ...inist' as Every event in the subatomic world is the consequence of waves of probability collapsing into particles or waves ―dependent on the act or ... ...rogression of quantum mechanics. Atomic electron loci came to be defined as probability distributions of quantum wave functions ―(thus formalizing t... ...f quantum mechanics. Atomic electron loci came to be defined as probability distributions of quantum wave functions ―(thus formalizing the suspensio...
 Book Id: WPLBN0001235191 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Finances ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...r companies to clear my debt issues and have a moderate amount of funds. In all probability I can only come to business terms with you if you consid... ...r companies to clear my debt issues and have a moderate amount of funds. In all probability I can only come to business terms with you if you consid... ...aintained as decided in the agreement. These payments represent a proportional distribution of my available income and expenses and this I hope sho...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002096586 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Fuzzy Theory ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...interviews taken as a part of our research grant, has been published for free distribution by the Tamil Nadu State AIDS Control Society as a book t... ...ent criteria. The quantization vectors should estimate the underlying unknown probability distribution of patterns. The distribution of prototype ve... .... The quantization vectors should estimate the underlying unknown probability distribution of patterns. The distribution of prototype vectors should... ...e distribution of prototype vectors should statistically resemble the unknown distribution of patterns. Uniform sampling probability, provides an i... ...atistically resemble the unknown distribution of patterns. Uniform sampling probability, provides an information theoretic criterion for an optima... ...rother-in-law informed her that her husband died of HIV/AIDS so there is all probability that she too is infected by it. Her husband has confided h... ...Neural Networks (ICNN-88), 1 141-152. 64. Kosko, B., (1990) “Fuzziness vs. Probability,” International Journal of General Systems, 17 211-240. ... ...onference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability and Statistics, University of New Mexico, Gallup. 114...
 Book Id: WPLBN0001235229 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Schools ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...her. It was Francis Galton, a 19-century statistician, who pegged, in 1892, the probability that the prints of two individuals would match at 1:... ...n forensic practice, only 8-16 such points are used. No one knows to calculate the probability of matching fragments of two individual fingerprints... ...s do not form crystals. Instead, they are arranged randomly, fully reflecting their distribution in the liquid. This property of homogeneous continu...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097021 Subjects: Non Fiction, Philosophy, Medieval Catholicism ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...h an angel from heaven [Gal. 1:8] were to do it. For when they say that the distribution of both kinds is left to the decision of the church, they ma... ...his subject: I will say nothing of the fact that many 213 assert with much probability that this epistle is not by James the apostle, and that it i...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097060 Subjects: Non Fiction, Philosophy, Art ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...GICS: NEUTROSOPHIC LOGIC. NEUTROSOPHY, NEUTROSOPHIC SET, NEUTROSOPHIC PROBABILITY. (third edition) NL(A 1 I A 2 ) = ( T 1 ? ({1} 0T 2 ) /T 2 ?... ...GICS: NEUTROSOPHIC LOGIC. NEUTROSOPHY, NEUTROSOPHIC SET, NEUTROSOPHIC PROBABILITY. (third edition) NL(A 1 I A 2 ) = ( T 1 ? ({1} 0T 2 ) /T 2 ?... ...: 87 3. Neutrosophic Set - a unifying field in sets: 112 4. Neutrosophic Probability - a generalization of classical and imprecise probabilities - ... ...osophic”, such as “neutrosophic logic”, “neutrosophic set”, “neutrosophic probability”, and “neutrosophic statistics” and thus opening new ways of r... ... new ways of research in four fields: philosophy, logics, set theory, and probability/statistics. It was known to me his setting up in 1980’s of a n... ...eutrosophic logic may be used instead of the normal inference rules. The distribution of possible neutrosophic results serves as an orientating fram... ...he neutrosophic probability of a random variable x is called neutrosophic distribution: NP(x) = ( T(x), I(x), F(x) ), where T(x) represents the proba... ...he neutrosophic probability of a random variable x is called neutrosophic distribution: NP(x) = ( T(x), I(x), F(x) ), where T(x) represents the proba...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097103 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Smarandache Collections ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...Conference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability and Statistics Univer... ...NFERENCE ON NEUTROSOPHY, NEUTROSOPHIC LOGIC, NEUTROSOPHIC SET, NEUTROSOPHIC PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS ... ... First International Conference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Set, Probability and Statistics December 1-3, 2001 University of New ... ... http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/NeutrosophicSet.PDF • 4. Neutrosophic Probability - a generalization of classical and imprecise probabiliti... ...duction to Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Set, and Neutrosophic Probability and Statistics) Florentin Smarandache Department of Ma... ...ult neutrosophic logic may be used instead of the normal inference rules. The distribution of possible neutrosophic results serves as an orientating... ...peculiar, note that . Hence, the bpa is in general different from a probability distribution . Example Consider ,the n . An information granule on thi... ...spects of the information (the intrinsic and the classical aspect). The uniform distribution for does not generate the maximum generalized entropy bec... ...ll hypothesis H 0 : the observed first-digit frequencies approximate a benford distribution; and accepting the alternative hypothesis H 1 : the obse...
 Book Id: WPLBN0001235240 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Technology ► Abstract Description Details...Essays dedicated to the new media, doing business on the web, digital content, its creation and distribution, e-publishing, e-books, digital reference, DRM technology, and other related issues.... Full Text Search Details...e new media, doing business on the web, digital content, its creation and distribution, e-publishing, e-books, digital reference, DRM technology, and... ...y the need to invest in costly "branding" campaigns and manufacturing and distribution activities. This trend is also likely to restore the balan... ...ntent creation, and reduce their overhead by outsourcing the functions of distribution and relationships management. The existence of central "relat... .... This is especially true in an age of just-in-time inventory and digital distribution. Network effects mean that content brokers have to invest much... ...maller publishers). As this tectonic shift reverberates through the whole distribution chain, retail outlets are beginning to transact directly with... ...ystems and on their associated energies). The wave function describes the probability of a particle (originally, the electron) to be inside a small ... ...e a small volume of space defined by the aforementioned coordinates. This probability is proportional to the square of the wave function. This is a ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097124 ► Abstract Description Details...rt 1. In this section we have studied a class of shrinkage estimators for shape parameter beta in failure censored samples from two-parameter Weibull distribution when some 'apriori' or guessed interval containing the parameter beta is available in addition to sample information and analyses their properties. Some estimators are generated from the proposed class and compar... Full Text Search Details...nd recommended for publication by: Dr. V. Seleacu, Department of Mathematics / Probability and Statistics, University of Craiova, Romania; Dr. Sabi... ...or shape parameter beta in failure censored samples from two-parameter Weibull distribution when some 'apriori' or guessed interval containing the p... ...s for shape parameter β in failure censored samples from two-parameter Weibull distribution when some ‘apriori’ or guessed interval containing the ... ...roposed with its properties. Key Words & Phrases: Two-parameter Weibull distribution, Shape parameter, Guessed interval, Shrinkage estimation... ...d time until it fails, is represented by the continuous random variable X. One distribution that has been used extensively in recent years to deal w... ...ears to deal with such problems of reliability and life-testing is the Weibull distribution introduced by Weibull(1939), who proposed it in connectio... ..., x n be a random sample of size n from a two-parameter Weibull distribution, probability density function of which is given by : () () {} fx x x... ...venkataramana, T. and Tracy, D.S. (1989): Two-phase sampling for selection with probability proportional to size in sample surveys. Biometrika, 76, ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002096913 Subjects: Non Fiction, Fine Arts, Art History ► Abstract Excerpt Details...y of a total sympathetic tolerance. The aesthetic behaviour of the paradoxism characterized by the auto-suspension of the absurdity. In the table of distribution of the specific elements, it is collocated in the category of annihilators and perifractors of the convention (by the side of the comic, the ridicule, the grotesque, the absurd).... Full Text Search Details...ism characterized by the auto-suspension of the absurdity. In the table of distribution of the specific elements, it is collocated in the category of... ... ANATHEMA AGAINST THIS THEME! Of course, the privileged space in the distribution of the anthology is granted to the founder of the movement, a... ...lone-on-rails (1994), is an example of paradoxist prose trough an inverse distribution of the reactions of characters. At an international congress ... ...assical probabilities, as well as the indefinite one, to the neutrosophic probability, defining it as a tridimensional vector whose elements are rea...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3 Book Id: WPLBN0002828228 ► Abstract Table of Contents Details...F. Smarandache 3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . 86 3.2 Classical and generalized pignistic probabilities . . . . 86 3.2.1 Classical pignistic probability . . . . . . 86 3.2.2 Generalized pignistic probability . . . . . 87 3.3 Sudano’s probabilities . . . . . . . . . 87 3.4 Cuzzolin’s intersection probability . . . . . . 89 3.4.1 Definition . . . . . . . . . 89 ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097084 Subjects: Non Fiction, Mathematics, Finances ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...ay-off at stake, f (X) is a pre-determined loss function and p (X) is the probability of receiving the total pay-off. If the individual decides to p... ...on could indeed have unfortunate cases where f(X) > X indicating a finite probability of complete financial ruin for the trader but no meaningful mat... ...the assumption of logarithmic utility! Additionally, a very small probability of “infinite loss” will not always deter enterprising profit-s... ...nceptualized as a decision problem under risk with a pre-ascertained loss distribution. To reduce the risk the investor pays the premium and is compe... ...hat simple and not always explicable using the known rules of statistical probability theory. 10 Individuals often have very distorted per... ...ediction and said that there was no scientific reason to believe that the probability of earthquake would vary significantly on a day to day basis. ... ... works on interpretation of normalized utility functions as a probability distribution of some hypothetical game of chance that is independent of th... ...e decision maker (Castagnoli and LiCalzi, 1996) and rescaling probability distributions with the objective of obtaining convenient expressions for ut... ...stent Preference Let p U , p D and p N be the three probability distributions contingent upon events U, D and N respectively where p U (u)...
 Book Id: WPLBN0001235228 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Security ► Abstract Full Text Search Details... XVII. Notes on the Economics of Game Theory XVIII. The Spectrum of Auctions XIX. Distributions to Partners and Shareholders XX. Moral Hazard and ... ...s). The supply of a stock and, to a lesser extent, the demand for it determine its distribution (how many shareowners are there) and, as a result, ... ...vertising campaigns (including cost estimates) - broken by market and by media. • Distribution of the products. • A flow chart describing the rec... ... systems (e.g., points, vouchers). 6. The strategic investor usually organizes a distribution and dealership network, a franchising network, or a... ...ind that there is no difference in the level of skewness and coskewness of returns, probability of a crash occurring, or the frequency of crashes, w... ...te, the longer the time to maturity, the lower the strike price, and the higher the probability that the option will be exercised. All the paramete... ...echanics. For instance: strategies could have been described as wave functions with probability distributions. The same treatment could be accorded ... ...sly, the highest ranking (smallest ordinal) preference should have had the biggest probability attached to it – or could be treated as the collapse... ... economic view of the world ® homogeneous expectations identical estimates of the probability distribution of the future cash flows from investmen...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097118 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Smarandache Collection ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...ivity Theory in Clifford Spaces.. . . . .31 K. Dombrowski Rational Numbers Distribution and Resonance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 S. J. Crothers On ... ...a/caft-20). 6. Smarandache F. Invisible paradox. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Probability, Set, and Logic, American Research Press, Reho- both, 1998 (see... ...mber of antiprotons in the second type. If antimatter exists then a higher probability would be for the unmatter to exist, and reciprocally. Unmatter ... ...ble to test the production of unmatter. If antimatter exists then a higher probability would be for the unmatter to exist, and reciprocally. The 1998 ... .... A unifying feld in logics: neutrosophic logic. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Probability, Set, and Logic. American Research Press, Rehoboth, 2002, 144 p... ...same acceleration induced on a test particle of mass m by a spherical mass distribution M U inside a radius R. The acceleration felt by a test particl... ...Clifford Spaces April, 2005 PROGRESS IN PHYSICS Volume 1 Rational Numbers Distribution and Resonance Kyril Dombrowski This study solves a problem o... ...bution and Resonance Kyril Dombrowski This study solves a problem on the distribution of rational numbers along the number plane and number line. It... ...l to sidereal (1436 min) and solar (1440) day. It is similar with the high probability in different geographic points at the same local (longitude) ti...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097119 ► Abstract Full Text Search Details...Experiments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 C. Castro On Geometric Probability, Holography, Shilov Boundaries and the Four Physical Coupling C... ...ctive processes in his laboratory. Proceeding from his considerations, re- distribution of energy should produce a non-uniformity of time that generat... ...e tensor: 1. Fields of gravitation of the 1st kind are derived from island distributions of masses. An instance of such a feld is the that of a spheri... ...ributions of masses. An instance of such a feld is the that of a spherical distribution of matter (a spherical mass island) described by the Schwarzsc... ...idering the details of these diffculties, we see that, having an arbitrary distribution of matter in a space, the matrix R ab , taken in a non- ho... ...eory and Experiments July, 2005 PROGRESS IN PHYSICS Volume 2 On Geometric Probability, Holography, Shilov Boundaries and the Four Physical Coupling C... ...: czarlosromanov@yahoo.com; castro@ctsps.cau.edu By recurring to Geometric Probability methods, it is shown that the coupling constants, αEM ;α W ;α C... ...Sitter (Anti de Sitter) spaces. 1 The fne structure constant and Geometric Probability Geometric Probability [21] is the study of the probabilities in... ...ne of the most famous problem is the Buffon’s Needle Problem of fnding the probability that a needle of length l will land on a line, given a foor wit...
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