World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Evans County, Georgia

Article Id: WHEBN0000096781
Reproduction Date:

Title: Evans County, Georgia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject:
Collection: 1914 Establishments in Georgia (U.S. State), Evans County, Georgia, Georgia (U.S. State) Counties, Populated Places Established in 1914
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Evans County, Georgia

Evans County, Georgia
Evans County Courthouse in Claxton

Seal

Location in the state of Georgia

Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1914
Named for Clement A. Evans
Seat Claxton
Largest city Claxton
Area
 • Total 187 sq mi (484 km2)
 • Land 183 sq mi (474 km2)
 • Water 4.0 sq mi (10 km2), 2.1%
Population
 • (2010) 11,000
 • Density 60/sq mi (23/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .org.evanscountywww

Evans County is a Georgia General Assembly on August 11, 1914, and later, on November 3, 1914, an amendment was ratified by a vote of the people which formally created the county.

Evans County is located in an area known as the Magnolia Midlands within the Historic South region. The current Evans County Courthouse was created in 1923 and, in 1940, the people of Evans County elected their first female sheriff. Later, in the 1950s and 1960s, new growth came to the county with the building of Evans Memorial Hospital and the Claxton-Evans County Airport. In 2010, the population was 11,000; however, the 2012 Census Estimate showed a population of 10,689.

The county sits firmly within Georgia's coastal plain region and has predominantly sedimentary rock and red and yellow clays. The Canoochee River is the major body of water flowing through the county.

Manufacturing, educational, health and social services make up much of Evans County's diverse economy. Major employers in the county include Camellia Health and Rehabilitation, Claxton Poultry Company, Pinewood Christian Academy, and Valmont Newmark. The county is ranked 64 out of 71 Tier 1 counties with a 7% sales tax. Businesses in the county are 100% exempt on all classes of certain business inventory from property taxes.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Geology and terrain 2.1
    • Flora and fauna 2.2
    • Climate 2.3
    • Adjacent counties 2.4
  • Demographics 3
    • Religion 3.1
  • Economy 4
    • Agriculture and industry 4.1
    • Local taxes 4.2
  • Culture 5
    • People 5.1
      • Evans Countians 5.1.1
    • Customs 5.2
    • Cuisine 5.3
    • Architecture 5.4
  • Infrastructure 6
    • Health care 6.1
    • Education 6.2
    • Transportation 6.3
      • Major highways 6.3.1
    • Energy use and production 6.4
  • Law and government 7
    • Government 7.1
    • Law enforcement and emergency services 7.2
  • Media 8
  • Sports and recreation 9
  • Communities 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

History

The White Building, a three-story building used as the courthouse until 1923

On August 11, 1914, the Brigadier General in the Confederate States Army, a Methodist minister, an historian and an author.[4]

The push to create Evans County came about for various reasons, most notably the desire to not have to travel so far to the court house; more office jobs; increase in businesses coming to the area, especially in regard to hotels and eating establishments and a belief that there was a minority in [5]

However, not everyone was for the creation of a new county. Some of the arguments against the creation of a new county included: the idea that the difficulties with distance to the courthouse were being overcome; also, the tax burden would override any benefits from new jobs.[4] Evans County was approved through the constitutional amendment process because of an earlier amendment from 1904 which limited the number of counties to 145. In order to get around this amendment, a new amendment was passed which allowed for the creation of Evans County.[6]

The current Evans County courthouse was completed in 1923. The courthouse is in Claxton and was designed in the neoclassical revival tradition by architect J.J. Baldwin.[4][6] Prior to the building of the current courthouse, all of the county's business was held in the White Building, a three-story edifice built by Mr. R. King White and later bought by Mrs. Ben Daniel. Mrs. Daniel's husband, Dr. Ben Daniel, used the building as his office.[4]

The first female elected Josie Mae Rogers, who was appointed after the death of the late sheriff, her father Jesse C. Durrence on June 24, 1940. Later, she was elected sheriff by the people of the county.[7] Not long after, in July 1940, Camp Stewart – which would eventually become Fort Stewart – was created after the United States government bought up several tracts of land in various counties, including Evans County. In all, it is estimated that approximately 1,500 people were displaced by the creation of the camp.[8]

The late 1950s and the 1960s were a time of growth in Evans County, especially in regards to health care and transportation. Beginning in 1958, Dr. Curtis Gordon Hames began research on the Evans County Heart Study, which was funded by the National Institutes of Health; this study would continue until 1995 and resulted in 560 published papers on heart disease, genetics, cancer and other areas.[9] In 1964, the FAA approved a site for the construction of an airport in the county, just three miles (5 km) northeast of Claxton.[4][10] On December 7, 1967, after two decades of effort, Evans Memorial Hospital was opened.[4]

In November 1975, B.G. Tippins, a teacher at Claxton High School, worked with 15 students to build a Miller Lil' Rascal, a two-seat sporting biplane. This plane was the only one of its kind built.[11]

From 1980 to 1983 several buildings were placed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the courthouse and three homes.

On October 16, 2006, the Evans County Sheriff's Department was presented with seven bullet-proof vests by the

  • National Association of Counties

External links

  • Jane's All the World's Aircraft (1979–80), 503.
  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ Public Affairs Information Service Bulletin, Accessed August 30, 2008
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^ a b c d
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ a b c d e f g
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ a b c
  19. ^
  20. ^ a b c d e f
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ a b
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^ a b c
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^ a b c
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^ a b
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^
  57. ^ a b c d
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^
  66. ^
  67. ^

References

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Evans County, Georgia

See also

Picture Town Foundation Area Elevation Population
Bellville 1890 1 sq mi (2.5 km2) 184 ft (56 m) 123
Claxton May 1890 1.6 sq mi (4.0 km2) 184 ft (56 m) 2,276

Daisy 1890 1 sq mi (2.7 km2) 151 ft (46 m) 126
Hagan 1890 2.2 sq mi (5.7 km2) 190 ft (58 m) 898

Communities

Another outdoor recreational area is the Evans Heights Golf Club. The course was designed by Don Cottle, Jr. in 1970 and has Bermuda Grass. In total, the course is 6,514 yards.[67]

The county is home to a handful of public areas which are set aside for recreation. The Evans County Public Fishing Area, located in Claxton, is one such area and contains three lakes of 8, 30 and 84 acres and primitive campsites. Families can also picnic at the lake and an outdoor classroom is available for use. Parks include Bacon Ford Park and the Senior Citizens Park in Claxton.[65] Two parks in Hagan are the Maggie Mae Lewis Children's Park and the Bradley Memorial Park.[66]

[64][63] Sports in Evans County include the

Sports and recreation

Two radio stations serve the Evans County area. WCLA (1470 AM) is an AM station which plays Gospel music and Oldies, as well as providing local news and weather.[60][61] WMCD (107.3 FM) is an FM station which plays adult contemporary music.[62]

[4]

Media

[20] Evans County is represented in the

Fire department and EMS: The Evans County fire department is located in Claxton and has a fire chief, four dispatchers, and 21 volunteers.[20] Ambulance services are provided by Evans County EMS. EMS has seven full-time employees and four part-time employees.[59]

Sheriff: The sheriff maintains the peace in the county through enforcement of the law.[57] In Evans County, the sheriff is assisted by eight officers, four deputies and four dispatchers.[20]

Law enforcement and emergency services

Clerk of Court: The responsibility of the clerk of the court is to maintain court records and supervise registration of property transactions.[57]

Tax Commissioner: The tax commissioner receives tax returns, maintains tax records for the county, and collects and pays tax funds to the state and local government.[57]

  • Sheila Holland – District 1
  • Jill Griffin – District 2
  • Del Beasley – District 3
  • Jack Pinckard – District 4
  • Neal Hammack – District 5
  • Irene Burney – District 6

The current members of the Board of Commissioners are:[58]

Board of Commissioners: The board of commissioners in Evans County is made up of six members elected by the people and led by a chairman elected by the board.[20] The board of commissioners acts as both the legislative and executive branches of government for the county and is charged with financing county programs and paying the salaries of constitutional officers.[57]

  • Randall Tippins—Sheriff
  • Wanda Moseley—Tax Commissioner
  • Kathy P. Hendrix—Clerk of Court
  • Darin McCoy-Judge of the Probate Court

Individuals currently holding Constitutional Offices are:

  • H. Leonard Brewton—First County Commissioner (1915–1920)
  • T. Walton Rogers—First County Sheriff (January 1, 1915 – February 24, 1920)
  • T.J. Edwards—First County Tax Commissioner (January 1, 1933 – December 25, 1940)
  • R.R. Tippins, Sr.—First Clerk of Court (January 1, 1915 – December 31, 1920)

The county government is a constitutional body and is granted powers by the sheriff, tax commissioner and clerk of court. The original top positions were held by:

The courthouse annex in Claxton, Evans County, Georgia

Government

Law and government

Evans County's electricity generation and consumption are provided through a variety of means. Natural gas is also available in large quantities. Evans Countians consumes 269,420 gallons of water a day out of a plant capacity of 3,720,000 gallons a day. There is an elevated storage capacity of 700,000 gallons.[35] The energy produced and consumed is available through the Claxton-Evans County Industrial Park.[56]

Energy use and production

Road Route Description
U.S. Route 25 Starting at the intersection of US 17/SR 25 in Brunswick, US 25 goes northwest to Jesup then northeast to Ludowici. It then stays at a general north route through the cities of Statesboro, Millen, Waynesboro and finally Augusta, where it crosses the Savannah River into South Carolina. The overall majority of the route is 4-lane.
U.S. Route 280 US 280 begins in Georgia at the state's border with Alabama in Columbus. There it is paired with State Route 520 and U.S. Route 27. It maintains this designation as it passes through Fort Benning. US 280 continues east, where it passes through Plains and becomes cosigned State Route 30 in Americus. It maintains this designation until the route's terminus in Blichton.
U.S. Route 301 US 301 uses SR 4/SR 15 from Florida to Folkston, SR 23 from Folkston to Glennville, and SR 73 from Glennville to South Carolina. US 1/US 23/SR 4/SR 15/SR 121 split to the northwest at a junction north of Folkston, leaving only US 301 and SR 23 to head north across US 82/SR 520 at Nahunta to Jesup. There US 84 and SR 38 continue northeast, while US 25/US 301/SR 23 turn northwest with SR 57.
State Route 30 US 280/SR 30 meet the southern terminus of SR 56 (Shepards Bridge Road) before curving to the northeast. Almost immediately after the end of the curve is the northern terminus SR 147 (Tattnall Street). About 1,000 feet (300 m) later is an intersection with SR 23/SR 57/SR 121 (Main Street). In Bellville, is an intersection with SR 169 (Smith Street). At North Ralph Street, SR 129 joins the concurrency. At South River Street, SR 129 departs from the concurrency to the south. In Daisy, they meet the northern terminus of former SR 250 (now known as Ellerbee Avenue).
State Route 73 SR 23 and SR 57 split off to the northwest at Glennville. SR 73 begins there, taking US 25 and US 301 north from Glennville across US 280/SR 30 at Claxton and I-16/SR 404 to Statesboro.
State Route 129 State Route 129 (SR 129) is a 20.0-mile-long (32.2 km) state highway that runs southeast-to-northwest through portions of Evans, Tattnall, and Candler counties in the east-central part of the U.S. state of Georgia. It connects the towns of Claxton and Metter.
State Route 169 State Route 169 (SR 169) is a 55.4-mile-long (89.2 km) state highway that runs south-to-north through portions of Wayne, Appling, Tattnall, and Evans counties in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia.
State Route 292 East of Lyons Georgia State Route 292 intersects with SR 86. Just past SR 86, the route crosses the Ohoopee River, where it enters Tattnall County. Farther to the southeast, in the city of Collins, is an intersection with SR 23/SR 57/SR 121. The route continues east through Manassas and enters the city of Bellville. There, it intersects SR 169. Just east of Bellville, SR 292 meets its eastern terminus, an intersection with US 280/SR 30.

Major highways

Air travel in Evans County is provided by the [35] The Claxton-Evans County Airport has an elevation of 112 ft (34.1 m).[10]

[20] Transportation in Evans County is overseen by the

The Bellville train depot in Bellville

Transportation

Pinewood Christian Academy is a co-educational private school in Bellville. Founded in 1970, the school has approximately 685 students and has a calendar year of 180 days with each school day lasting 7 hours.

. Claxton High School There are three public schools in Evans County: Claxton Elementary School; Claxton Middle School; and [55] There are currently 1,888 students and 122 teachers, a ratio of 15:1.[54] All schools have been fully accredited by the

Evans County has both public and private schools. Public education in Evans County is supervised by the Evans County School District. The current superintendent is Dr. Joy S. Collins.

Education

Evans County has several medical facilities, including the Evans County Memorial Hospital;[50] the Jack Strickland Rehabilitation Wellness Center;[51] Northspring Assisted Living;[52] The Griffin House; the Camellia Health and Rehabilitation Center; The Evans County Health Department and Health and Well-Being Consultative Services.[53] There are approximately twelve doctors in the county, two dentists and two pharmacies.[53]

Side entrance to Evans Memorial Hospital in Claxton, Evans County, Georgia

Health care

Infrastructure

Evans County is also home to a number of antebellum houses that were built prior to the formation of the county. Many of these homes were built in the Plantation Plain style and include the A.D. Eason House; the Thomas A. Durrence House; and the Edwards-Strickland House.[49]

[48][47] Other places of interest include the Daisy Post Office and the train depot in Bellville.[46] there is the Glissom, Remer, Store (DOE).Camp Oliver And at [46] A number of buildings and homes in Evans County are on the

The George W. DeLoach House in Hagan, Georgia

Architecture

Evans County's cuisine includes a variety of different foods ranging from seafood, corn on the cob and chicken and dumplings to Brunswick stew, fried chicken and cornbread. Other well known and loved foods in the county include pecans, peaches and peanuts.[45] However, these are not the only foods enjoyed by Evans Countians. Because of the diversity within the county, the people of Evans County also frequent Mexican and Chinese restaurants.

Skillet-baked cornbread

Cuisine

Other events include the Martin Luther King Day parade, held every January; Christmas in Claxton, an event which occurs on the first Saturday in December and includes arts and crafts, food, and the Parade of Lights; barrel racing at the Richey Arena; and a tractor pull held on the first Saturday of each month at the Longneedle Farm Truck and Tractor Pull.[43] An annual Chicken Pickin' festival has also been held annually since September 11, 2010.[44]

Evans County has held an annual rattlesnake roundup the second weekend of March since 1968, with the festival growing every year since then and moving from within Claxton to just outside of the city in 2001; this festival has undergone a change and is now called the Claxton Rattlesnake and Wildlife Festival.[40][41] Another, more recent, annual event is the Cruisin' in the Country Bike Ride, began in 1995 as the Yuletide Ride. The event was changed from December to November the next year and expanded to include a 65-mile (105 km) route. Soon, the route became a complete century ride.[42]

Shriners participating in the annual Rattlesnake Roundup Parade in Claxton, Evans County, Georgia

Customs

Evans County is populated by many different [37] Cartha Deke DeLoach, a native Evans Countian, joined the FBI and worked alongside J. Edgar Hoover while Dr. Curtis Gordon Hames did a groundbreaking study on heart disease.[9] Two Evans County natives, Charles Gordon Edwards of Daisy, and William Washington Larsen of Hagan, went on to become United States Representatives.[38][39]

Hagan, Georgia

People

Culture

Evans County has a 7% total sales tax, including 4% state, 1% local option, 1% special purpose, and 1% educational.[33] Evans County is ranked 64 out of 71 Tier 1 counties in the state of Georgia.[34] Claxton and Evans County exempt 100% on all classes of certain business inventory from property taxes.[35]

Local taxes

Outside of the cities, agriculture is important with corn and cotton being major crops. Other crops planted and harvested in Evans County include soybeans; wheat and vegetables; and land set aside for orchards.[15] The food industry is the most common industry for Evans Countians to work in.[15]

Evans County has a diverse economy, with manufacturing; educational, health and social services; [32]

bales of hay adjacent to a pecan tree orchard outside of Claxton, Georgia in Evans County

Agriculture and industry

Economy

The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2002 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 2,043; the United Methodist Church with 1,620; and the Catholic Church with 286.[15]

Evans County shares its Protestant heritage with the rest of Georgia and the Southern United States.

Catholic: 6%

Other: 7%

Evans County is largely Protestant. The religious affiliation of the people of Evans County are:[15]

Religion

The median income for a household in the county was $25,447, and the median income for a family was $31,074. Males had a median income of $26,959 versus $17,587 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,657.[31] About 23.10% of families and 27.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.20% of those under age 18 and 23.60% of those age 65 or over.

In the county the population was spread out with 27% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

There were 3,778 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 16.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.10.

As of the census[30] of 2010, there were 11,000 people, 4,033 households, and 2,805 families residing in the county. The population density was 60.2 people per square mile. There were 4,658 housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 66.4% White, 31% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, and 1% from two or more races. 12.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Demographics

  • Bulloch County – northeast
  • Bryan County – east
  • Liberty County – southeast
  • Tattnall County – southwest
  • Candler County – northwest

Adjacent counties

Monthly average daily high and low temperatures for Evans County cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Bellville[21] 61
36
66
39
73
44
79
50
86
59
91
67
94
71
92
70
87
65
80
54
71
45
63
38
Claxton[22] 61
36
66
39
73
44
79
50
86
59
91
67
94
71
92
70
87
65
80
54
71
45
63
38
Daisy[23] 61
36
66
39
73
44
79
50
86
59
91
67
94
71
92
70
87
65
80
54
71
45
63
38
Hagan[24] 61
36
66
39
73
44
79
50
86
59
91
67
94
71
92
70
87
65
80
54
71
45
63
38
Temperatures are given in °F format, with highs on top of lows

Evans County is classified as a humid subtropical climate under the Köppen classification and has a mild climate, averaging 49.8 degrees in January and 82.7 degrees in July. The average annual rainfall is 48 inches and the county has a minimum altitude of 65 feet (20 m) above sea level and a maximum altitude of 228 feet (69 m) above sea level.[20] The county is 1.4 times below the U.S. average in historical area-adjusted tornado activity. From 1950 to 2004, only 2 injuries have been caused by tornadoes in the county; this occurred on March 29, 1974 when a category 1 tornado hit the county, causing between $5,000 and $50,000 in damages.[15]

Climate

Evans County is home to several protected species of flora and fauna. Among the flora in the county are the Sarracenia flava, Sarracenia minor, beardtongue, Stewartia, loblolly-bay and sweetbay. Others include the purple honeycomb head, large-stem morning-glory, few-flower gay-feather, pond spice, Lobelia boykinii, hummingbird flower, and other plants. Protected animals in the area include the red-cockaded woodpecker, the indigo snake, Bachman's Sparrow, the spotted turtle, Say's spiketail and the southern bald eagle, among other animals.[4][19]

Stewartia pseudocamellia

Flora and fauna

Yet, sedimentary rocks are not the only geological features to be found in Evans County. The county is mostly covered by thin sand and red and yellow clay.[18] As in Tattnall County along the Ohoopee River, the sand in Evans County that lies along the Canoochee River is white quartz of a medium to coarse grain.[18] There is exploitable medium-grain sand covering about 50 acres of land along the railroad above Bull Creek. The pure white sand along the Canoochee could be made into bottle glass, but is expensive to recover.[18]

Geologically, Evans County lies in the Montgomery, Alabama.[17]

Milky quartz sample

Geology and terrain

There are several ponds in Evans County. They include Cypress Pond; Dyess Pond; Beasley Pond; Bernard Smith Pond; I.W. DeLoach Ponds; Big Beasley Pond DeLoach Pond. Other bodies of water include Tippins Lake; Grice Creek; Billy Fork Creek; Thick Creek; Mill Branch; Barnard Mill; Rocky Branch; Scott Creek; Cedar Creek; and Dry Creek.[15]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 187 square miles (480 km2), of which 183 square miles (470 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) (2.1%) is water.[14] The major body of water is the Canoochee River which flows through Evans County. The Canoochee is a tributary of the Ogeechee River.

Evans County, showing the county seat, Claxton, and major roads and the major body of water, the Canoochee River

Geography

On June 3, 2008 Evans County commissioners unanimously passed a resolution to mark August 11 as Evans County Day.[13] Since that day there have been annual celebrations of the county's founding and preparations for the 2014 centennial celebration.

[12]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.