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Frederick IX of Denmark

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Frederick IX of Denmark

Frederick IX (Christian Frederik Franz Michael Carl Valdemar Georg) (11 March 1899 – 14 January 1972) was King of Denmark from 1947 to 1972.

He was the son of King Christian X of Denmark and Queen Alexandrine, born Duchess of Mecklenburg, and a member of the House of Glücksburg.


  • Birth and family 1
  • Early life 2
  • Marriage and issue 3
  • Reign 4
  • Succession 5
  • Death 6
  • Legacy 7
  • Titles, styles and honours 8
  • Ancestors 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Birth and family

Four generations — four kings: King Christian IX, Crown Prince Frederick (VIII), Prince Christian (X) and the little Prince Frederick (IX) in 1903.

Prince Frederick was born on 11 March 1899 at Kongens Lyngby on Zealand during the reign of his great-grandfather King Christian IX. His father was Prince Christian of Denmark (later King Christian X), the eldest son of Crown Prince Frederick and Princess Louise of Sweden (later King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise). His mother was Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a daughter of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia.

He was baptised at Sorgenfri Palace on 9 April 1899. The young prince had 21 Oscar II of Sweden and Norway, his grandfather Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) and his uncle Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.[2]

Frederick's only sibling, Knud, was born one year after Frederick.

Early life

Christian IX died on 29 January 1906, and Frederick's grandfather Crown Prince Frederick succeeded him as King Frederick VIII. Frederick's father became crown prince, and Frederick moved up to second in line to the throne.

Crown Prince Frederick in 1914.

Just six years later, on 14 May 1912, King Frederick VIII died, and Frederick's father ascended the throne as King Christian X. Frederick himself now became crown prince.

Frederick was educated at the Royal Danish Naval Academy (breaking with Danish royal tradition by choosing a naval instead of an army career) and the University of Copenhagen. Before he became king, he had acquired the rank of Rear Admiral and he had had several senior commands on active service. He acquired several tattoos during his naval service.

In addition, with his great love of music, the king was an able piano player and conductor.

Marriage and issue

In 1922, Frederick was engaged to Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark, his second cousin. They never wed.

The newly engaged Princess Ingrid of Sweden and Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark in 1935.

Instead, he married Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) at Storkyrkan in Stockholm on 24 May 1935. She was a daughter of Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf (later King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden) and his first wife, Princess Margaret of Connaught. They were related in several ways. In descent from Oscar I of Sweden and Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, they were double third cousins. In descent from Paul I of Russia, Frederick was a fourth cousin of Ingrid's mother.

Their daughters are:


King Frederick IX and Queen Ingrid, circa 1950's.

From 1942 until 1943, Frederick acted as regent on behalf of his father who was temporarily incapacitated after a fall from his horse in October 1942.

On 20 April 1947, Christian X died, and Frederick succeeded to the throne. He was proclaimed king from the balcony of Prime Minister Knud Kristensen.

Frederick IX's reign saw great change. During these years, Danish society shook off the restrictions of an agricultural society and developed a welfare state. And, as a consequence of the booming economy of the 1960s, women entered the labour market. In other words, Denmark became a modern country, which meant new demands on the monarchy.


Frederick with his younger brother Prince Knud in 1920.

As he had no sons, it was expected that his younger brother Knud would inherit the throne, in accordance with Denmark's succession law (Royal Ordinance of 1853).

However, in 1953, an Act of Succession was passed, changing the method of succession to cognatic primogeniture. This meant that his daughters could succeed if he had no sons. His eldest daughter, Margrethe, did so, as Queen Margrethe II. By order of 27 March 1953 the succession to the throne was limited to the issue of King Christian X.


Shortly after the King had delivered his New Year's Address to the Nation at the 1971/72 turn of the year, he became ill with flu-like symptoms. After a few days rest, he suffered cardiac arrest and was rushed to the municipal hospital on 3 January. After a brief period of apparent improvement, the King's condition took a negative turn on 11 January, and he died 3 days later, on 14 January, at 7:50 pm surrounded by his immediate family and closest friends, having been unconscious since the previous day.[3]

Following his death, the King's coffin was transported to his home at castrum doloris, a ceremony largely unchanged since introduced at the burial of Frederick III in 1670, and the last remaining Royal ceremony where the Danish Crown Regalia is used. The King then lay in state for six days until his funeral, during which period the public could pay their last respects.[4]

The funeral took place on 24 January 1972, and was split in two parts. First a brief ceremony was held in the chapel where the king had lain in state, where the Bishop of Copenhagen, Willy Westergaard Madsen said a brief prayer, followed by a hymn, before the coffin was carried out of the chapel by members of the Royal Life Guards and placed on a gun carriage for the journey through Copenhagen to Copenhagen Central Station. The gun carriage was pulled by 48 seamen and was escorted by honor guards from the Danish Army, Air Force, and Navy, as well as honor guards from France, Sweden, United Kingdom, and the United States.

At the Copenhagen Central Station, the coffin was placed in a special railway carriage for the rail journey to Roskilde. The funeral train was pulled by two DSB class E) steam engines. Once in Roskilde, the coffin was pulled through the city by a group of seamen to Roskilde Cathedral where the final ceremony took place.

Previous rulers had been interred in the cathedral, but it was the King's wish to be buried outside.[5]

He was succeeded by his eldest daughter, Queen Margrethe II. Queen Ingrid survived her husband by 28 years. She died on 7 November 2000. Her remains were interred alongside him at the burial site outside Roskilde Cathedral.


On 20 April 1982, a statue of King Frederick IX dressed in the uniform of an admiral was unveiled by the Copenhagen harbour on the 35th anniversary of his accession to the throne in 1947 and in the tenth year after his death.[6]

The Falster and Lolland, are both named after Frederick IX.

Titles, styles and honours

Styles of
King Frederik IX of Denmark
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sir
  • 11 March 1899 – 14 May 1912: His Royal Highness Prince Frederick of Denmark
  • 14 May 1912 – 1 December 1918: His Royal Highness Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark
  • 1 December 1918 – 17 June 1944: His Royal Highness Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark and Iceland
  • 17 June 1944 – 20 April 1947: His Royal Highness Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark
  • 20 April 1947 – 14 January 1972: His Majesty King Frederick IX of Denmark
National Honours
Foreign Honours


16. Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
8. Christian IX of Denmark
17. Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Cassel
4. Frederick VIII of Denmark
18. Landgrave William of Hesse-Kassel
9. Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel
19. Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark
2. Christian X of Denmark
20. Oscar I of Sweden
10. Charles XV of Sweden
21. Princess Josephine of Leuchtenberg
5. Princess Louise of Sweden
22. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands
11. Princess Louise of the Netherlands
23. Princess Louise of Prussia
1. Frederick IX of Denmark
24. Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
12. Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
25. Princess Alexandrine of Prussia
6. Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
26. Prince Heinrich LXIII Reuss of Köstritz
13. Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz
27. Countess Eleonore zu Stolberg-Wernigerode
3. Duchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
28. Nicholas I of Russia
14. Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia
29. Princess Charlotte of Prussia
7. Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
30. Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
15. Princess Cecilie of Baden
31. Princess Sophie of Sweden


  1. ^ " – Person Page 10126". Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  2. ^ "Prinser og Prinsesser kommer også i kirkebogen". The Danish State Archives. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Jon Bloch Skipper. Sømandskongen. Pp 300—309. Aschehoug (2005). ISBN 978-87-1111-789-7.
  4. ^ Jon Bloch Skipper. Sømandskongen. Pp 315. Aschehoug (2005). ISBN 978-87-1111-789-7.
  5. ^ Roger Lundgren. Ingrid. Pp 147. People'sPress (2010). ISBN 978-87-7055-826-6.
  6. ^ "King Frederick IX (1899-1972)". The City of Copenhagen. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Image: tumblr_n9hhtiTk0m1r6jme9o7_400.jpg, (354 × 505 px)". 29 October 2007. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Image: cad247a649718c94a4c17f19d35fe1e9.jpg, (590 × 588 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Image: fredix.jpg, (200 × 293 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  10. ^ "Image: king-frederik-ix.jpg, (175 × 230 px)". 7 January 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Image: 5560539185_29839888db.jpg, (323 × 481 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "King Frederick IX & Queen Ingrid". 
  13. ^ a b c "Image: Frederik%2BIX.jpg, (300 × 404 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Image: Of_Denmark-89.jpg, (260 × 350 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 134. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Royal Jewels of the World Message Board: Re: Did Queen Fabiola and Queen Paola wear the Nine Province tiara abroad ?". 
  17. ^ "Image: 2497586485_cec76a2615.jpg, (500 × 396 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  18. ^ "Image: 6305387067_35cb7ef232_z.jpg, (508 × 512 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Image of LA REINE INGRID AND THE ROI FREDERIC IX DU DANEMARK. - Queen Ingrid Of Denmark (1910-2000) And Her Husband King Frederik IX (1899-1972) Here On April 6, 1965 During Visit In France. Full Credit: AGIP - Rue Des Archives / Granger, NYC -- All Rights Reserved. From Granger - Historical Picture Archive". Granger. 
  21. ^ "Image: Constantine-II_wedding.jpg, (466 × 480 px) – 18 Aug 1964, Athens, Attica, Greece --- Original caption: Athens, Greece. Royalty gathered after the marriage September 18th of King Constantine of Greece and Pricess Anne Marie of Denmark, include, from left to right, King Frederik of Denmark, Queen Ingrid of Denmark, Queen Anne Marie and king Constantine of Greece, ex-Queen Frederika of Greece and king Gustav of Sweden. In foreground, left, are Princess Anne of Great Britain and Princess Christina of Denmark. --- Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  22. ^ "Image: annemarie65bday4.jpg, (482 × 480 px) – 20 Sep 1965, Athens, Greece --- Athens, Greece....Posed in the Royal Palace in Athens, September 20, during the christening ceremonies of Crown Princess Alexia Area, from left: King Constantine of the Hellenes; Queen Ingrid of Denmark; Queen Anne-Marie (holding her 42-day-old daughter); Queen Frederika, the Queen Mother, and King Frederick of Denmark. --- Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  23. ^ "". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "empire/imperialiran/persepolis4". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  25. ^ "Image: tumblr_mkai3f9fHY1qcfftgo1_500.jpg, (500 × 312 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  26. ^ "Image: 960x.jpg, (960 × 540 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  27. ^ "Image: 505953022_2_Big.jpg, (449 × 600 px)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  28. ^ "Image: 3359360-21st-may-1957-queen-elizabeth-ii-and-king-gettyimages.jpg, (594 × 474 px) – 21st May 1957: Queen Elizabeth II and King Frederick of Denmark riding through the streets of Copenhagen in an open carriage, during her three day visit to Denmark. (Photo by Derek Berwin/Fox Photos/Getty Images)". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  29. ^ "The Scandinavian Royals Message Board: Re: King Frederik IX and Queen Ingrid's State visit to King George VI & Queen Elizabeth". 

External links

  • The Royal Lineage at the website of the Danish Monarchy
  • Frederik IX at the website of the Amalienborg Palace
Frederick IX
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 11 March 1899 Died: 14 January 1972
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Christian X
King of Denmark
Succeeded by
Margrethe II
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