Heinrich George

Heinrich George
Heinrich George in front of his house, 1930.
Born Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz
(1893-10-09)October 9, 1893
Stettin, Pomerania
Died September 25, 1946(1946-09-25) (aged 52)
Oranienburg, Brandenburg, NKVD special camp Nr. 7
Occupation Actor
Years active 1921–1945

Heinrich George (9 October 1893 – 25 September 1946), born Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz, was a German stage and film actor.

Contents

  • Career 1
    • Weimar Republic 1.1
    • Nazi era 1.2
  • Postwar 2
  • Personal life 3
  • Filmography 4
  • Notes 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Career

Weimar Republic

George is noted for having spooked the young Bertolt Brecht in his first directing job, a production of Arnolt Bronnen's Parricide (1922), when he refused to continue working with the director.[1]

He played in Fritz Lang's Metropolis (1927) and Dreyfus (1930). In 1931, he starred in Berlin Alexanderplatz (1931).

George was an active member of the Berlin-Alexanderplatz (1931).

Nazi era

After the Nazi takeover, George was classified as a "non-desirable" actor at first because of his earlier political affiliations and was thus barred from working in cinematic productions. However, he was eventually able to reach an accommodation with the Nazi regime. In 1937, George was designated as a Hitler Youth Quex (1933) Jud Süß (1940), and Kolberg (1945) as well as appearing in numerous newsreels.

George had a stocky build and a Berlin accent which made him readily recognizable to German audiences. George's prestige as a leading actor of the day made him an "extraordinarily valuable catch for the Nazis."[3] Cooke and Silberman describe him as "the actor most closely tied with fascist fantasies of the autocratic and the populist leader".[4]

Postwar

Although Heinrich George had been a member of the Communist Party of Germany before the Nazi takeover, he was nonetheless interned as a Nazi collaborator at the Soviet concentration camp in Sachsenhausen where he died in 1946.[5]

Cause of death was starvation, even though official reports stated that he died "after an appendix operation".[6]

Personal life

Heinrich George married the German actress Götz George.

Filmography

Notes

  1. ^ Thomson, Peter; Sacks, Glendyr (1994), The Cambridge Companion to Brecht (2 ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 302,  
  2. ^ Škvorecký, Josef. "JUD SÜSS". Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  3. ^ Fritzsche, Peter (2008). Life and death in the Third Reich. Harvard University Press. p. 48.  
  4. ^ Cooke, Paul; Silberman, Marc (30 July 2010). Screening war: perspectives on German suffering. Camden House. p. 115.  
  5. ^ Fuchs, Anne; Cosgrove, Mary; Grote, Georg (2006). German memory contests: the quest for identity in literature, film, and discourse since 1990. Camden House. p. 199.  
  6. ^ Neimi, Robert (2006), History in the Media: Film and Television, ABC-CLIO, p. 6,  

Further reading

  • Berta Drews: Wohin des Wegs: Erinnerungen. Langen Müller, 1986. ISBN 3-7844-2098-2
  • Peter Laregh: Heinrich George. Komödiant seiner Zeit. Langen Müller (Herbig), München 1992, ISBN 3-7844-2363-9
  • Werner Maser: Heinrich George. Mensch, aus Erde gemacht. Quintessenz Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-86124-351-2
  • Kurt Fricke: Spiel am Abgrund. Heinrich George – eine politische Biographie. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 2000, ISBN 978-3-89812-021-0
  • Kurt Fricke: Heinrich George, in: Bernd Heidenreich/Sönke Neitzel (eds.): Medien im Nationalsozialismus. Schöningh Paderborn, 2010, S. 83–107, ISBN 978-3-506-76710-3
  • Michael Klonovsky, Jan von Flocken: Stalins Lager in Deutschland 1945–1950. Dokumentation – Zeugenberichte. Ullstein-Verlag, 1991, ISBN 978-3-550-07488-2
  • Horst Mesalla: Heinrich George. Rekonstruktion der schauspielerischen Leistung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der zeitgenössischen Publizistik. Dissertation, Freie Universität Berlin, 1969.

External links

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