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Order of battle for the Battle of France

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Title: Order of battle for the Battle of France  
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Subject: Battle of France, World War II orders of battle, British Expeditionary Force order of battle (1940), Index of World War II articles (O), List of orders of battle
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Order of battle for the Battle of France

The Order of Battle for the Battle of France details the hierarchy of the major combatant forces in the Battle of France in May 1940.

Contents

  • Allies 1
    • French First Army Group 1.1
    • Belgian Army 1.2
    • French Second Army Group 1.3
    • French Third Army Group 1.4
    • Dutch Army 1.5
    • French army facing Italy 1.6
    • French reserves 1.7
    • British Expeditionary Force 1.8
  • Axis 2
    • OKH Reserve 2.1
    • German Army Group A 2.2
    • German Army Group B 2.3
    • German Army Group C 2.4
    • Italian Army Group "West" 2.5
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Allies

The bulk of the forces of the Allies were Alphonse Joseph Georges was appointed Commander of the North Western Front.

French First Army Group

The Georges Maurice Jean Blanchard was appointed to succeed him.

Belgian Army

French Second Army Group

The French 2nd Army Group was responsible for manning the bulk of the Maginot Line from Montmedy to south of Strasbourg, and controlled three armies. General de Armee Andre-Gaston Pretelat was Commander-in-Chief of the army group throughout its existence.

French Third Army Group

The French 3rd Army Group was responsible for manning the southern end of the Maginot Line, along the River Rhine and controlled one army. The army group's Commander-in-Chief was Général d'Armée Antoine-Marie-Benoit Besson.

Dutch Army

The Netherlands had four corps, one motorized division and a defense division deployed to begin the battle. General Henri Winkelman was Supreme Commander of the Dutch Army.

French army facing Italy

14th Army Corps 15th Army Corps

    • Fortification sectors: Dauphiné, Savoie, Alpes Maritimes
    • Defence sectors: Rhône, Nice

Originally the French 6th Army, the Army of the Alps was responsible for manning the southeast frontier with Italy. Overall, French forces in the region numbered about 35,000 soldiers.

French reserves

The French began the battle with three reserve corps positioned behind the army groups. The VII and XXIII Corps were stationed behind the 2nd and 3rd Army Groups.

British Expeditionary Force

Axis

The commander-in-chief of the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was Field Marshal ("Generalfeldmarschall") Walter von Brauchitsch. Initially the Axis forces consisted of the forces of the German army. They were joined in the conflict by the Italian army on June 10.

OKH Reserve

German Army Group A

Commanded by Generaloberst Georg von Sodenstern)

German Army Group B

Commanded by Generaloberst Fedor von Bock (Chief of Staff - Generalleutnant Hans von Salmuth).

German Army Group C

Commanded by Generaloberst Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb.

  • German First Army - Generalfeldmarschall Erwin von Witzleben[3]
    • der Armee direkt unterstellt: 197.ID
    • Höh.Kom.z.b.V.XXXVII
      • 246.ID, 215.ID, 262.ID, 257.ID
    • XXIV.AK
      • 60.ID, 252.ID, 168.ID
    • XII.AK
      • 75.ID, 268.ID, 198.ID
    • XXX.AK
      • 258.ID, 93.ID, 79.ID
    • Höh.Kom.z.b.V.XXXXV
      • 95.ID, 167.ID
  • German Seventh Army - Generaloberst Friedrich Dollmann[4]
    • Höh.Kom.z.b.V.XXXIII
      • 213.ID, 554.ID, 556.ID, 239.ID
    • XXV Corps
      • 557.ID, 555.ID, 6.Geb.Div.
    • XXVII Corps
      • 218.ID, 221.ID

Italian Army Group "West"

Commanded by Prince General Umberto di Savoia

Overall, the Italian forces numbered about 312,000 troops. However, they had inadequate artillery and transport and they were not equipped for the cold Alpine environment.

Notes

  1. ^ In the German army the rank of Colonel general ("Generaloberst") was equivalent to the rank of full general
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The German ranks of General of Infantry ("General der infanterie"), General of the Artillery ("General der artillerie"), General of Armour ("General der Panzertruppe") etc. were equivalent to lieutenant-general.

References

  1. ^ http://www.diedeutschewehrmacht.de
  2. ^ http://www.diedeutschewehrmacht.de
  3. ^ http://www.diedeutschewehrmacht.de
  4. ^ http://www.diedeutschewehrmacht.de
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