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Barker's Pool

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Title: Barker's Pool  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fargate, Streets and squares in Sheffield, History of Sheffield, Sheffield City Centre, Coles Corner
Collection: History of Sheffield, Sheffield City Centre, Streets and Squares in Sheffield
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Barker's Pool

Street Sign
Barker's Pool with war memorial and fountain

Barker's Pool is a public city square and street in the centre of the City of Sheffield, England. The focus of Barker's Pool is the Grade II listed 90-foot-tall (27 m) First World War memorial that was unveiled on 28 October 1925.[1] The Grade II* listed Sheffield City Hall[2] is on the north side of the plaza facing a branch of the John Lewis Partnership, formerly Cole Brothers to the South.

History

Plan of Barker's Pool in 1793
Sheffield City Hall from Barker's Pool.

One of the earliest known references to Barker's Pool comes from the records of the Burgery of Sheffield for 1570.[3] The name Barker's Pool may derive from a "Barker of Balme" mentioned in a deed dating from 1434.[4] At this time the area was known as Balm Green and was on the edge of the town. Sheffield historian Sidney Addy suggests that the name Balm Green indicates that this site was formerly used for the cultivation of the herb lemon balm.[5]

The reservoir was reconstructed and extended by Robert Rollinson before 1631,[6] and was demolished in 1793 when three new reservoirs were constructed at Redmires in nearby Lodge Moor.[7]

In addition to supplying drinking water, the location of Barker's Pool at the highest point in the town allowed water released from the reservoir to be guided through channels that ran along the centre of the town's streets:

The Albert Hall which stood where the John Lewis building is today, was a theatre only in the broadest sense; a big rectangular hall built in 1867 by a group of Wesleyan businessmen and opened in 1873 for music recitals and a variety of light entertainments. As might be expected, the hall was principally noted for evangelistic meetings, orchestral, choral and vocal concerts, operas and brass band competitions. There were also minstrel and variety shows, magic lantern and from 1896 moving picture shows. By 1919 it had a proscenium stage and about that time it became a more or less regular picture house with occasional variety, but it was subsequently steadily overtaken by purpose-built cinemas. The Albert Hall was gutted by fire in 1937 and demolished some years later.

Terraced properties and shops which once occupied one side of the square were demolished in 1912 to make way for The Regent Cinema which opened the following year. The Regent Cinema continued at the same site, later to become the Gaumont (this has also since been demolished). Other terraced properties and shops at the other side of the square were demolished around 1923 to make way for the construction of the Sheffield City Hall, which opened in 1932.[9]

In 2005 the square was renovated and relaid in Yorkshire stone. Two glass-cased fountains were installed outside the City Hall; these are illuminated at night, and several seated areas are also illuminated in colours that match the ground lighting of the nearby Millennium Square. The renovation won Gold in the 2006 Town Centre Environment Awards,[10] run by the BCSC, held on November 7, 2006 in Manchester. Barkers Pool was one of two projects in Sheffield City Centre to be nominated, the other being the Station gateway at Howard Street.

See also

Sheffield City Centre

References

  1. ^ Images of England (accessed 22 January 2006—free registration required).
  2. ^ Images of England (accessed 22 January 2006—free registration required).
  3. ^ Leader, John Daniel (1897). The Records of the Burgery of Sheffield: Commonly Called the Town Trust. London: Elliot Stock. p. 25. 
  4. ^  
  5. ^ Addy, Sidney Oldall (1888). A Glossary of Words Used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield. Including a Selection of Local Names, and Some Notices of Folk-Lore, Games, and Customs. London: Trubner & Co. for the English Dialect Society.  (transcription at Wikisource)
  6. ^ Leader, Robert Eadon (1901). Sheffield in the Eighteenth Century. Sheffield: Sheffield Independent Press. pp. 152–157. 
  7. ^ Olive, Martin (1994). Barker's Pool and Townhead. In Images of England: Central Sheffield, pp. 85–94. Stroud: Tempus Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7524-0011-8
  8. ^ Autobiography of Samuel Roberts, quoted in Leader, Sheffield in the Eighteenth Century, pp. 156–157
  9. ^ Do You Remember Old Sheffield. 974 Abbeydale Rd, Sheffield: Mail Graphic. 
  10. ^ info in BCSC award from Sheffield City Council website

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