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Othonoi

 

Othonoi

Othonoi
Οθωνοί
Othonoi is located in Greece
Othonoi
Coordinates:
Country Greece
Administrative region Ionian Islands
Regional unit Corfu
Municipality Corfu
 • Municipal unit 10.078 km2 (3.891 sq mi)
Highest elevation 393 m (1,289 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit 392
 • Municipal unit density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Community
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 491 00
Area code(s) 26630
Vehicle registration ΚΥ
Website [2]

Othonoi (Greek: Οθωνοί, Italian: Fanò) is an island and a former community of the Ionian Islands, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality of Corfu, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] It is the westernmost point of Greece, located northwest of Corfu. Population 392 (2011). In the 19th century the island used to be the capital of the Diapontia Islands municipality, which also included nearby islands of Ereikoussa and Mathraki. Most of the island's inhabitants can trace their origins to Paxi island, south of Corfu, as people from Paxi were settled in the island beginning in the 1570s by the Venetian Republic. A cave, near the Aspri Ammos (White Sand) beach, is traditionally believed to have been the place where Calypso kept Odysseus captive.

History

Othonoi is mentioned from antiquity under the name Othronos. The current name is corruption of ancient name. The ancient Greeks were also believed that Othonoi was the legendary island of Calypso.[3] A big sea cave of the island is today called Calypso's cave. During the medieval period the island possibly was depopulated. During the famous Battle of Lepanto, nobody resident is mentioned in the island.[4] Later, people from Epirus settled in the island and from there some of them settled and in the other Diapontia Islands, Ereikoussa and Mathraki. The island became part of Greece in 1864, after concession of Ionian Islands to Greece.

Historical population

Year Population
1991 98
2001 663
2011 392

References

  1. ^ "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ "Diapontia Islands". goingreece.gr. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Το τρίγωνο του αγγέλου". enet.gr. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
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