World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jacques-François Menou

Article Id: WHEBN0005523079
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jacques-François Menou  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: French campaign in Egypt and Syria, Battle of Vihiers, Rosetta Stone, List of converts to Islam, Louis Joseph Victor Jullien de Bidon
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jacques-François Menou

Jacques-François Menou
baron of Boussay
Born (1750-09-03)3 September 1750
Boussay, Indre-et-Loire
Died 13 August 1810(1810-08-13) (aged 59)

Jacques-François de Menou, baron of Boussay, later Abdallah de Menou (3 September 1750 – 13 August 1810) was a French statesman of the French Revolution and general of the French Revolutionary Wars.


  • French Revolution 1
  • Adventure in Egypt 2
  • Statesman of the Empire 3
  • Notes 4
  • Sources 5

French Revolution

Born in Boussay in central France to an ancient family, he had already attained the rank of Maréchal de camp in 1789, when he was elected by the Second Estate of the bailiwick of Touraine to the Estates General in 1789. He was a liberal nobleman and supported the reforms of the National Constituent Assembly, of which he was elected secretary in December and president for a standard two weeks term (27 March - 12 April 1790). He served as a member of the diplomatic committee.

With the closing of the National Assembly in September 1791, he was employed as Maréchal de camp in Paris, and then to the Armée de l'Ouest. He fought in the Vendée through 1793.

Commander of one of the sections of Paris on 1 Prairial III (20 May 1795), he forced the rebellious Faubourg Saint-Antoine to capitulate.

General in chief of the Armée de l'Interieur, he was denounced as a traitor, put on trial and acquitted in 1795.

Jacques-François Menou (1750-1810).

Adventure in Egypt

In 1798, Menou commanded one of the five divisions of the Armée d'Orient in Napoleon's campaign of Egypt. General of division in the army of Egypt. After the assassination of Jean-Baptiste Kléber (14 June 1800), Menou succeeded him at the head of Egypt as general in chief. He was not as popular as Kléber, and lacked support from the other officers. He married the daughter of a rich Egyptian, converted to Islam and was renamed Abdallah. [1]

On 21 March 1801, Menou commanded the French expeditionary force sent to repel British forces landing at La Muiron. The French were defeated and Menou withdrew to Alexandria, where he surrendered following the Siege of Alexandria on 30 August 1801.

Menou was permitted to evacuate the remaining French forces, but was forced to surrender to the British the Rosetta Stone, the discovery of which had been reported to him by Captain Pierre-François Bouchard; it was a vital key to understanding the lost language of hieroglyphics.[2]

Statesman of the Empire

Menou was appointed as a member of the Tribunat on 27 Floreal X (17 May 1802). Shortly afterwards he became Administrator of the 27th Military Division (Piedmont). Subsequently he was appointed a member of the Legion of Honor on 19 Frimaire XII (11 December 1803) and a Grand Officer of the Order 25 Prairial XII (14 June 1804). He was created comte de l'Empire in 1808.

Menou's principal contributions to the French Empire came in Italy. He was named Knight of the Order of the Iron Crown 23 December 1807, shortly after his appointment as Governor of Venice. While still holding this appointment, he died on 13 August 1810, at the Villa Corniani near Mestre.

The name of General Menou is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe, on the south side. By his marriage to Zobeida El Bawab, he had a son Jacques Mourad Soliman (born 28 July 1800 in Rosetta, Egypt).


  1. ^
  2. ^ Max Sewell. "The Discovery of the Rosetta Stone". Retrieved 2007-03-17. 


  • Louis Adolphe Thiers, History of the Consulate and the Empire of France under Napoleon, London 1893, v. 2, Book X, passim.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.