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List of people in both the Bible and the Quran


List of people in both the Bible and the Quran

The Bible and Qur'an have many characters in common.

Bible (English) Qur'anic pronunciation (Arabic) Notes (Origin of Name)
Aaron Hārūn
Abel Hābīl His Islamic name comes from tradition
Abraham Ibrāhīm Possibly meant to rhyme with Ismā‘īl
Adam Ādam
Amram ‘Imrān
Cain Qābīl His Islamic name comes from tradition; Meant to rhyme with Hābīl (Abel)
David Dāwūd
The Apostles al-Ḥawariyyūn Literally "The white-garbed"
Eber Hūd This equivalence is highly uncertain, and they are etymologically unrelated
Elijah (Elias) Ilyās Possibly derived from Greek Elías
Elisha al-Yasa‘ This equivalence is uncertain, but etymologically related
Enoch Idrīs Literally "Studious"; This equivalence is uncertain, and they are etymologically unrelated
Ezekiel Dhū l-Kifl Literally "Twin-Folded" or "Possessor of Double"; This equivalence is somewhat uncertain
Ezra ‘Uzayr This equivalence is somewhat uncertain, but etymologically related
Gabriel Jibrīl
Goliath Jālūt Possibly meant to rhyme with Lūt or Tālūt
Haman Hāmān This equivalence is disputed[1][2]
Isaac Isḥāq
Ishmael Ismā‘īl
Jacob Ya‘qūb
Jethro, Reuel, Hobab Shu‘ayb This equivalence is highly uncertain, but all are Midianites
Jesus ‘Īsā ‘Īsā could be derived from Syriac Ēšūa‘(Ee-shoo-‘a) or Greek Iēsous, both of which directly come from Aramaic Yeshua.
Joachim or Heli ‘Imrān The names are etymologically unrelated
Job Ayyūb
John the Baptist Yaḥyā Yaḥyā means 'living' as opposed to Yūḥānna (graceful), which comes from Hebrew Yoḥanan
Jonah Yūnus Possibly derived from Greek Ionas
Joseph Yūsuf
Joseph's brothers Yūsuf's brothers The Bible names them; the Qur'an does not
Korah Qārūn
Lot Lūṭ
Lot's wife Lūṭ's wife
Mary Maryam
Miriam Mūsā's sister
Michael Mīkāl (in the Qur’an); Mikā’īl (elsewhere)
Moses Mūsā
Noah Nūḥ
Pharaoh Fir‘awn
Potiphar al-‘Azīz Literally "The Mighty"
Potiphar's wife al-‘Azīz's wife; Zulaykhā Her Islamic name comes from tradition
Queen of Sheba Queen of Saba’; Bilqīs The name Bilqīs or Balqīs comes from ancient Arabic tradition
Samuel Ṣamū‘īl or Ṣamawāl His Islamic name comes from tradition
Saul the King Ţālūt Literally "Tall"; Meant to rhyme with Lūt or Jālūt
Devil or Satan Iblīs or Shayṭān Literally "Despaired"; Possibly derived from Greek Diabolus
Shem, Ham, and Japheth Nūḥ's sons
Solomon Sulaymān
Terah Āzar Āzar is derived from Syriac Āthar (See Church History (Eusebius)), which is derived from Hebrew Táraḥ, Thara or Zarah
Zechariah Zakariyyā
Zimri (prince) al-Samiri (Islamic figure) Al-Samīri is derived from Eastern Syriac 'Zamri, which is derived from Hebrew Zimri

Eve, Sarah, Zipporah, Elizabeth, Jochebed, Lot's wife and Noah's wife are mentioned, but unnamed in the Qur'an. Eve and Elizabeth have the names Ḥawwā’ and Al-usabat, respectively, in Islamic tradition.

See also


  1. ^ Historical Errors of the Qur'an: Pharaoh and Haman
  2. ^ Haman in Ancient Egypt's Scripts - - Living Sharia'h
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