World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of people from Cardiff

Article Id: WHEBN0017770826
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of people from Cardiff  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Plasnewydd, Mermaid Quay, Techniquest, Pentwyn, Cardiff, List of tallest buildings and structures in Cardiff
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of people from Cardiff

Shirley Bassey
Shirley Bassey at Wembley Arena, 2006

Roald Dahl, Ken Follett and Griff Rhys Jones. In particular, the city has been the birthplace of international sportsmen and women, including Olympic athletes such as Paulo Radmilovic, Tanni Grey-Thompson and Colin Jackson. Many professional and international footballers, such as Craig Bellamy, Gareth Bale, Ryan Giggs and Joe Ledley, and former managers of the Wales national football team Terry Yorath and John Toshack were born in Cardiff, as were a number of international rugby union and rugby league players including Frank Whitcombe, Billy Boston, Gareth Llewellyn and Colin Dixon.

Cardiff is also well known for its musicians such as Ivor Novello, after whom the Ivor Novello Awards are named. Shirley Bassey is familiar to many as the singer of three James Bond movie theme tunes, while Charlotte Church is famous as a crossover classical/pop singer, and Shakin' Stevens was one of the top selling male artists in the UK during the 1980s. A number of Cardiff-based bands, such as Catatonia and the Super Furry Animals, were popular during the 1990s.

Art and literature

A man wearing a white smock working on a painting
Goscombe John

Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl

Gwyneth Lewis
Gwyneth Lewis

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Abse, DannyDanny Abse 1923 Poet and writer. Born in Cardiff [1]
Clarke, GillianGillian Clarke 1937 Poet, was named the third National Poet of Wales in 2008. Born in Cardiff [2]
Dahl, RoaldRoald Dahl 1916 1990 Author of works such as James and the Giant Peach, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Matilda, The Witches, Fantastic Mr Fox and The BFG. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [3]
Finch, PeterPeter Finch 1947 Poet, author of works such as Real Cardiff, Real Wales, Edging The Estuary, and Zen Cymru Born in Cardiff [4]
Follett, KenKen Follett 1949 Author of works such as The Key to Rebecca, Lie Down with Lions, Triple, and World Without End Born in Cardiff [5]
John, GoscombeGoscombe John 1860 1952 Sculptor, specialising in public monuments and statues of public figures. Born in Canton, Cardiff. [6]
Jones, BobiBobi Jones 1929 Welsh language academic and writer, former chair in Welsh language at Aberystwyth University. Born in Cardiff [7]
Lacey, RobRob Lacey 1962 2006 Actor and author of The Word on the Street. Born in Cardiff [8]
Lewis, GwynethGwyneth Lewis 1959 First National Poet of Wales, wrote the words which appear on the front elevation of the Wales Millennium Centre. Born in Cardiff [9]
Morris, BrianBrian Morris 1930 2001 Poet, critic, professor of literature, and former education spokesman in the House of Lords Born in Cardiff [10]
Nance, Robert MortonRobert Morton Nance 1873 1959 Cornish language author. Born in Cardiff [11]
O'Harris, PixiePixie O'Harris 1903 1991 Poet, author, broadcaster, artist, illustrator and designer. Born in Cardiff [12]
Rubens, BerniceBernice Rubens 1928 2004 Author of works such as Madame Sousatzka, The Elected Member (winner of the 1970 Booker Prize) and A Solitary Grief. Born in Cardiff [13]
Sisley, AlfredAlfred Sisley 1839 1899 Impressionist painter: one of the original French Impressionists, though he himself was British. Produced seventeen paintings of Penarth and the Gower in 1897. Married in Cardiff Register Office in 1897. Two of his Welsh paintings are in the National Museum of Wales in Cardiff. [14]
Spring, HowardHoward Spring 1889 1965 Author of works such as Fame Is the Spur and My Son, My Son! Born in Cardiff [15]
Stephens, Thomas E.Thomas E. Stephens 1886 1966 Painter, specialising in portraits of American political and military figures such as Dwight D. Eisenhower. Born in Cardiff. [16]
Thomas, R. S.R. S. Thomas 1913 2000 Poet, nominated for the 1995 Nobel Prize for Literature. Born in Cardiff [17]
Wyndham-Lewis, D. B.D. B. Wyndham-Lewis 1891 1969 Writer, biographer and editor, co-wrote the screenplay for The Man Who Knew Too Much. Lived in Cardiff since childhood [18]

Business and finance

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Lougher, LewisLewis Lougher 1871 1955 Established his own shipping company, became chairman of a large number of shipping companies in Cardiff, Barry, chairman of the federation of Bristol Channel shipowners, and chairman of the Cardiff Chamber of Trade. Former Member of Parliament for Cardiff East and Cardiff Central. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [19]
Moritz, MichaelMichael Moritz 1954 Venture capitalist and former director of Google. Born in Cardiff [20]
Stringer, HowardHoward Stringer 1942 Chairman and former president and CEO of Sony Corporation. Born in Cardiff [21]
Yorath, Christopher J.Christopher J. Yorath 1879 1932 Engineer, urban planner, president of three Canadian utility companies. Lived in Cardiff since childhood [22]

Entertainment

Griff Rhys Jones
Griff Rhys Jones

Gethin Jones
Gethin Jones

Iwan Rheon
Iwan Rheon

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Baynham, PeterPeter Baynham 1963 Screenwriter and comedy writer, was involved in works such as I'm Alan Partridge, Brass Eye, Monkey Dust, and Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan. Born in Cardiff [23]
Flynn, SiobhanSiobhan Flynn 1999 Actress and voice actress, involved in works such as FeardotCom, Charmed, Hellsing and Yoga Wii. Born in Cardiff [24]
Grace, Helen M.Helen M. Grace 1974 Film director and screenwriter, directed Are You Ready for Love? Born in Cardiff [25]
Harries, LaurenLauren Harries 1978 Television celebrity, first appeared on Wogan in 1988. Lived in Cardiff since early childhood. [26]
Jones, GethinGethin Jones 1978 Television and radio presenter, presented Blue Peter from 2005 to 2008. Born in Cardiff [27]
Marquand, RichardRichard Marquand 1938 1987 Film director, involved in works such as Return of the Jedi, Jagged Edge and Hearts of Fire. Born in Llanishen, Cardiff [28]
Nation, TerryTerry Nation 1930 1997 Television scriptwriter, creator of the Daleks. Born in Cardiff [29]
Nedwell, RobinRobin Nedwell 1946 1999 Film, television and stage actor, involved in works such as Doctor in the House, The Tragedy of Macbeth and The Vault of Horror. Lived in Cardiff since childhood [30]
O'Shea, TessieTessie O'Shea 1914 1995 Stage actress and entertainer, involved in works such as The Girl Who Came to Supper, The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming and Bedknobs and Broomsticks. Born in Cardiff [31]
Philp, PeterPeter Philp 1920 2006 Television presenter, dramatist and antiques expert, wrote Castle of Deception. Born in Cardiff [32]
Pritchard, MatthewMatthew Pritchard 1973 Professional skateboarder, part of the Dirty Sanchez crew, made regular appearances on Balls of Steel. Born in Cardiff [33]
Rees, AngharadAngharad Rees 1949 2012 Film, stage and television actress, involved in works such as Poldark, The Gathering Storm, The Avengers and Under Milk Wood. Lived in Cardiff since childhood [34]
Rheon, IwanIwan Rheon 1985 Film and television actor, singer-songwriter, involved in works such as Pobol y Cwm, Misfits and Game of Thrones. Lived in Cardiff since childhood [35]
Rhys, MatthewMatthew Rhys 1974 Film and television actor, involved in works such as Brothers & Sisters, The Edge of Love and The Americans. Born in Cardiff [36]
Rhys Jones, GriffGriff Rhys Jones 1953 Comedian, writer and actor, involved in works such as Not the Nine O'Clock News, Alas Smith and Jones and Morons from Outer Space. Born in Cardiff [37]
Rogers, LisaLisa Rogers 1971 Television presenter, involved in works such as The Big Breakfast, Scrapheap Challenge and Loose Women. Born in Cardiff [38]
Stennett, StanStan Stennett 1925 2013 Comedian, actor and jazz musician, involved in works such as Coronation Street, Crossroads and Casualty. Born in Cardiff [39]
Weeks, HoneysuckleHoneysuckle Weeks 1979 Television actress, involved in works such as Midsomer Murders, Foyle's War and The Inspector Lynley Mysteries. Born in Cardiff [40]
Weeks, PerditaPerdita Weeks 1985 Television and film actress, involved in works such as Spice World, The Prince and the Pauper and The Tudors. Born in Cardiff [41]
Williams, CliffordClifford Williams 1926 2005 Stage actor and director, involved in works such as The Duchess of Malfi, As You Like It and Antony and Cleopatra. Born in Cardiff [42]
Wingfield, PeterPeter Wingfield 1962 Film and television actor, best known for his role as Methos in Highlander: The Series Born in Grangetown, Cardiff [43]

Historical figures

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
de Beauchamp, AnneAnne de Beauchamp 1444 1449 15th Countess of Warwick Born in Cardiff [44]
Morgan, HenryHenry Morgan c. 1635 1684 Pirate and Admiral of the English Navy Born in Caerau, Cardiff [45]

Journalism

Jon Ronson
Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Bayley, StephenStephen Bayley 1951 Author and critic for The Observer, GQ and Car Magazine. Born in Cardiff [46]
Bowen, JeremyJeremy Bowen 1960 Journalist and television presenter, Middle East Editor for the BBC since 2005. Born in Cardiff [47]
Bowles, LynnLynn Bowles 1963 Radio reporter for BBC Radio 2. Born in Cardiff [48]
Cudlipp, HughHugh Cudlipp 1913 1998 Newspaper journalist, former chairman of Mirror Group Newspapers. Born in Cathays, Cardiff [49]
Harri, GutoGuto Harri 1966 Former television news correspondent for S4C and BBC Wales, Director of Communications at News International since May 2012. Born in Cardiff [50]
Humphrys, JohnJohn Humphrys 1943 Television and radio presenter, journalist, main presenter for the BBC's Nine O'Clock News from 1981 to 1987. Born in Splott, Cardiff [51]
Johns, HughHugh Johns 1922 2007 Football commentator for ITV and HTV Wales, commentated on four World Cup finals including the 1966 FIFA World Cup Final. Lived in Cardiff from childhood [52]
Mohammad, JasonJason Mohammad 1975 Television and radio presenter of BBC Wales Today and BBC Radio Wales. Born in Cardiff [53]
Morgan, ChrisChris Morgan 1952 2008 Television and newspaper journalist for BBC Wales, BBC Radio 4, Thames News and The Sunday Times. Born in Cardiff [54]
Owen, LucyLucy Owen 1970 Television presenter for HTV Wales, ITV News and BBC News. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [55]
Ronson, JonJon Ronson 1967 Documentary journalist, author of Them: Adventures with Extremists and The Men Who Stare at Goats, film maker and radio presenter. Born in Cardiff [56]

Military

Thomas Matthews
Thomas Matthews

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Barter, FrederickFrederick Barter 1891 1952 Served in World War I with the Royal Welch Fusiliers, recipient of the Victoria Cross. Born in Cardiff [57]
Flynn, MickMick Flynn 1960 Served with the Blues and Royals in Northern Ireland, the Falklands War, the Bosnian War, the Second Gulf War and the War in Afghanistan, recipient of the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross and the Military Cross. Born in Cardiff [58]
Linton, JeffJeff Linton 1909 1989 Served with the Egypt as a right-arm medium-fast bowler. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [59]
Mathews, ThomasThomas Mathews 1676 1751 Admiral of the Royal Navy, served in the Caribbean, Queen Anne's War, the East Indies, the War of the Quadruple Alliance and the War of the Austrian Succession. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [60]
Shields, RobertRobert Shields 1827 1864 Served with the Royal Welch Fusiliers in the Crimean War, recipient of the Victoria Cross. Born in Cardiff [61]

Music

Performers

Charlotte Church
Charlotte Church

Cerys Matthews
Cerys Matthews

Ivor Novello
Ivor Novello

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Bassey, ShirleyShirley Bassey 1937 Singer of works such as "Goldfinger", "Big Spender" and "Diamonds Are Forever". Born in Tiger Bay, Cardiff [62]
Bell, AndyAndy Bell 1970 Singer-songwriter, member of Oasis, Ride, Hurricane No. 1 and Beady Eye. Born in Cardiff [63]
Bishop, WallyWally Bishop 1894 1966 Band leader and impresario, commonly known by the stage name Waldini. Born in Cardiff [64]
Church, CharlotteCharlotte Church 1986 Classical and pop singer of works such as Voice of an Angel, "The Opera Song (Brave New World)" and "Crazy Chick", presenter of The Charlotte Church Show. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [65]
Cravos, SteffanSteffan Cravos 1975 Welsh-language rapper, member of Gorky's Zygotic Mynci. Born in Cardiff [66]
Edmunds, DaveDave Edmunds 1944 Singer and record producer, member of Love Sculpture, Rockpile and Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band Born in Cardiff [67]
Wyn-Evans, DyfedDyfed Wyn-Evans 1969 Baritone opera singer, has performed for companies such as the Welsh National Opera, English National Opera, English Touring Opera and Opera North. Born in Cardiff [68]
Evans, MaureenMaureen Evans 1940 Singer with Waldini's Gypsy Band, performed works such as "The Big Hurt" and "Like I Do". Born in Cardiff [69]
Gartside, GreenGreen Gartside 1955 Singer-songwriter, lead singer of Scritti Politti. Born in Cardiff [70]
Hennessy, FrankFrank Hennessy 1947 Folk singer, member of The Hennessys and radio presenter on BBC Radio Wales. Born in Cardiff [71]
Jones, Paul CareyPaul Carey Jones 1974 Baritone opera singer, has performed for companies such as the Scottish Opera and Northern Ireland Opera, and has been involved in works such as Man on the Moon, The Lighthouse and Nixon in China. Born in Cardiff [72]
Lewis, DonnaDonna Lewis 1973 Pop singer, performed works such as Now in a Minute, "I Love You Always Forever" and "At the Beginning". Born in Cardiff [73]
Matthews, CerysCerys Matthews 1969 Singer-songwriter, lead singer of Catatonia, performed works such as "Mulder and Scully", "The Ballad of Tom Jones" and "Baby, It's Cold Outside". Born in Cardiff [74]
Novello Davies, ClaraClara Novello Davies 1861 1943 Singer, teacher and conductor, mother of Ivor Novello. Born in Cardiff [75]
Novello, IvorIvor Novello 1893 1951 Composer, singer and actor, after whom the Ivor Novello Awards are named. Born in Cardiff [76]
Owen, IdloesIdloes Owen 1894 1954 Singer, composer and conductor, founder of the Welsh National Opera. Based in Llandaff, Cardiff [77]
Palladino, PinoPino Palladino 1957 Bass guitarist with The Who. Born in Cardiff [78]
Stevens, Shakin'Shakin' Stevens 1948 Rock and roll singer and songwriter, performed works such as "This Ole House", "Green Door" and "Merry Christmas Everyone". Born in Ely, Cardiff [79]
Sullivan, NoelNoel Sullivan 1980 Pop singer and stage actor, member of Hear'Say. Born in Cardiff [80]
Tate, PepsiPepsi Tate 1965 2007 Bass guitarist with Tigertailz, and television director. Lived and worked in Cardiff [81]
Weaver, BlueBlue Weaver 1947 Keyboard player with Amen Corner, Fair Weather and Strawbs, songwriter and record producer. Born in Cardiff [82]

Bands

Super Furry Animals
Super Furry Animals

Name Formed Disbanded Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Amen Corner 1966 1969 Rock band, performed works such as "Gin House Blues", "Bend Me, Shape Me" and "(If Paradise Is) Half as Nice". Formed in Cardiff [83]
Budgie 1967 Hard rock / heavy metal band, produced works such as "Breadfan" Formed in Cardiff [84]
Catatonia 1992 2001 Alternative rock band, produced works such as "Mulder and Scully", "Road Rage" and "Dead from The Waist Down". Formed in Cardiff [85]
Future Of The Left 2005 Post-hardcore rock band, produced works such as Last Night I Saved Her From Vampires and The Plot Against Common Sense. Formed in Cardiff [86]
Kids In Glass Houses 2003 2014 Rock band, produced works such as Dirt and In Gold Blood. Formed in Cardiff [87]
Love Sculpture 1966 1970 Blues-rock band, produced works such as "Summertime", "Wang Dang Doodle" and "Sabre Dance". Formed in Cardiff [88]
Los Campesinos! 2006 Indie-pop band, produced works such as Romance Is Boring and Hello Sadness Formed at Cardiff University [89]
Super Furry Animals 1993 Psychedelic rock band, produced works such as "If You Don't Want Me to Destroy You", "The Man Don't Give a Fuck" and "Northern Lites". Formed in Cardiff [90]
The Hennessys 1967 Folk music band. Formed in Cardiff [91]
The Hot Puppies 2000 Rock group, produced works such as Under the Crooked Moon. Based in Cardiff [92]
The Oppressed 1981 Oi! anti-fascist band. Formed in Cardiff [93]
Underworld 1980 Electronic / trance band, produced works such as "Born Slippy", "Pearl's Girl" and "Caliban's Dream". Formed in Cardiff [94]

Politics and law

Rhodri Morgan

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Abse, LeoLeo Abse 1917 2008 Former Member of Parliament for Pontypool and Torfaen, noted for promoting private member's bills to decriminalise male homosexual relations and liberalise the divorce laws. Born in Cardiff [95]
Barlow, CeliaCelia Barlow 1955 Former Member of Parliament for Hove. Born in Cardiff [96]
Box, DonaldDonald Box 1917 1993 Stockbroker and former Member of Parliament for Cardiff North. Born in Cardiff [97]
Doughty, StephenStephen Doughty 1980 Former member of male a cappella group Out of the Blue, Member of Parliament for Cardiff South and Penarth since 2012. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [98]
Edelman, MauriceMaurice Edelman 1911 1975 Novelist and former Member of Parliament for Coventry West and Coventry North West. Born in Cardiff [99]
Flynn, PaulPaul Flynn 1935 Member of Parliament for Newport West since 1987. Born in Cardiff [100]
Gillan, CherylCheryl Gillan 1952 Member of Parliament for Chesham and Amersham since 1992. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [101]
Hughes, MeredyddMeredydd Hughes 1958 Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police from 2004 to 2011 Born in Cardiff [102]
Morgan, JonathanJonathan Morgan 1974 Former Assembly Member for Cardiff North. Born in Tongwynlais, Cardiff [103]
Morgan, JulieJulie Morgan 1944 Former Member of Parliament for Cardiff North, and Assembly Member for Cardiff North since 2011. Born in Cardiff [104]
Morgan, RhodriRhodri Morgan 1939 Former First Minister for Wales, leader of Welsh Labour, Assembly Member for Cardiff West and Member of Parliament for Cardiff West. Born in Cardiff [105]
Robertson, Edward V.Edward V. Robertson 1881 1963 Former United States Senator for Wyoming. Born in Cardiff [106]
Thomas, AlfredAlfred Thomas 1840 1927 Former Member of Parliament for East Glamorganshire. Born in Penylan, Cardiff [107]
Thomas, David WilliamDavid William Thomas 1876 1961 Lawyer, publisher, professor, mayor of Minden, Louisiana, USA from 1936 to 1940 Born in Cardiff [108]
Thomas, Owen JohnOwen John Thomas 1939 Former Assembly Member for South Wales Central. Born in Roath, Cardiff [109]

Religion

Brian David Josephson
Brian David Josephson

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Lloyd-Jones, MartynMartyn Lloyd-Jones 1899 1981 Protestant Christian minister, influential in the Reformed wing of the British evangelical movement in the 20th century. Born in Cardiff [110]
Royle, RogerRoger Royle 1939 Anglican vicar, presenter of the Sunday Half Hour on BBC Radio 2 between 1991 and 2007. Born in Splott, Cardiff [111]

Science, technology and medicine

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Abse, WilfredWilfred Abse 1914 2005 Psychoanalyst, professor of psychiatry at the University of Virginia from 1962 until 2000. Born in Cardiff [112]
Bevan, MatthewMatthew Bevan 1976 Hacker and computer consultant, arrested in 1996 for hacking into secure US government networks under the handle "Kuji". Born in Cardiff [113]
Josephson, Brian DavidBrian David Josephson 1940 Physicist, professor, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 for the prediction of the Josephson effect. Born in Cardiff [114]
Lumley, Judith M.Judith M. Lumley 1941 Perinatal epidemiologist Born in Cardiff [115]
Ernest Willows 1896 1926 Pioneering aviator and airship builder, noted for building the Willows airships. Born in Cardiff [116]

Sport

Association football

Gareth Bale
Gareth Bale

Craig Bellamy
Craig Bellamy

Ryan Giggs
Ryan Giggs

Statue of Fred Keenor
Statue of Fred Keenor

Joe Ledley
Joe Ledley

John Toshack
John Toshack

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Attley, BrianBrian Attley 1955 Footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Swansea City and Derby County. Born in Cardiff [117]
Baddeley, LeeLee Baddeley 1974 Footballer, played for Cardiff City and Exeter City. Born in Cardiff [118]
Baker, ColinColin Baker 1934 International footballer, played for Cardiff City and Wales. Born in Cardiff [119]
Bale, GarethGareth Bale 1989 International footballer, youngest ever Wales international, has played for Southampton and Tottenham Hotspur. Currently plays for Real Madrid. Born in Cardiff [120]
Bater, PhilPhil Bater 1955 Footballer and manager, played for teams such as Bristol Rovers, Wrexham and Cardiff City. Born in Cardiff [121]
Bellamy, CraigCraig Bellamy 1979 International footballer, has played for teams such as Norwich City, Newcastle United, Manchester City and Cardiff City, former captain of Wales. Born in Trowbridge, Cardiff [122]
Benyon, JackieJackie Benyon c.1910 1937 Footballer, played for Doncaster Rovers and Aberdeen. Born in Cardiff [123]
Bird, TonyTony Bird 1974 Footballer, has played for teams such as Cardiff City, Swansea City and Kidderminster Harriers. Born in Cardiff [124]
Blake, NathanNathan Blake 1972 International footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Bolton Wanderers, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Wales. Born in Cardiff [125]
Bodin, PaulPaul Bodin 1964 International footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Swindon Town and Wales. Youth team manager at Swindon Town since 2008. Born in Cardiff [126]
Boulton, NigelNigel Boulton 1953 Footballer and manager, head coach of men's soccer team at William Carey University since 2003. Born in Cardiff [127]
Chinaglia, GiorgioGiorgio Chinaglia 1947 2012 Footballer, played for teams such as Swansea City, Lazio and New York Cosmos. Lived in Cardiff during childhood [128]
Cotterill, DavidDavid Cotterill 1987 International footballer, has played for teams such as Bristol City, Sheffield United, Swansea City and Wales. Born in Cardiff [129]
Curtis, ErnieErnie Curtis 1907 1992 International footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Birmingham City and Wales, member of Cardiff City's 1927 FA Cup winning team. Born in Cardiff [130]
Davies, ArronArron Davies 1984 International footballer, has played for teams such as Yeovil Town, Nottingham Forest, Exeter City and Wales. Born in Cardiff [131]
Davies, LenLen Davies 1899 1945 International footballer, played for Cardiff City, Thames and Wales. Born in Splott, Cardiff. [119]
Deacy, NickNick Deacy 1953 International footballer, played for teams such as PSV Eindhoven, Hull City and Wales. Born in Cardiff [132]
Delgado, BobBob Delgado 1949 Footballer, played for teams such as Rotherham United, Chester City and Port Vale. Born in Cardiff [133]
Derrett, SteveSteve Derrett 1947 International footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Rotherham United, Newport County and Wales. Born in Cardiff [134]
Dwyer, PhilPhil Dwyer 1953 International footballer, played for Cardiff City and Wales, holds the club's all-time appearance record. Born in Cardiff [135]
Easter, JermaineJermaine Easter 1982 International footballer, has played for teams such as Wycombe Wanderers, Milton Keynes Dons, Crystal Palace and Wales. Born in Cardiff [136]
Evans, HerbieHerbie Evans 1894 1982 International footballer, played for Glamorgan. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [119][137]
Evans, LenLen Evans 1903 1977 International footballer, played for teams such as Aberdare Athletic, Cardiff City, Birmingham City and Wales. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [138]
Evans, PhilPhil Evans 1980 International footballer, has played for teams such as Bidvest Wits and South Africa Born in Cardiff [139]
Fry, ChrisChris Fry 1969 Footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Hereford United and Colchester United. Born in Cardiff [140]
Giggs, RyanRyan Giggs 1973 International footballer, has played for Manchester United since 1990, former Wales captain, most decorated player in British football history. Son of Danny Wilson. Born in Canton, Cardiff [141]
Giles, DavidDavid Giles 1956 International footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Swansea City, Crystal Palace and Wales. Born in Cardiff [119]
Giles, MartynMartyn Giles 1983 Footballer, has played for teams such as Cardiff City and Newport County. Born in Cardiff [142]
Green, RyanRyan Green 1980 International footballer, has played for teams such as Hereford United, Bristol Rovers and Wales. Born in Cardiff [143]
Haworth, SimonSimon Haworth 1977 International footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Wigan Athletic, Tranmere Rovers and Wales. Born in Cardiff [119]
Hollyman, KenKen Hollyman 1922 2009 Footballer, played for Cardiff City and Newport County. Born in Cardiff [119]
Jacobson, JoeJoe Jacobson 1986 Footballer, has played for teams such as Bristol Rovers and Shrewsbury Town. Born in Cardiff [144]
James, PaulPaul James 1961 International footballer and coach, played for teams such as Toronto Blizzard and Canada Born in Cardiff [145]
Keenor, FredFred Keenor 1972 International footballer, played for Cardiff City, Crewe Alexandra and Wales, captain of Cardiff City's 1927 FA Cup winning team Born in Cardiff [146]
Ledley, JoeJoe Ledley 1987 International footballer, has played for Cardiff City, Celtic and Wales. Born in Fairwater, Cardiff [147]
Lever, ArthurArthur Lever 1920 2004 International footballer, played for Cardiff City, Leicester City, Newport County and Wales. Born in Cardiff [148]
Micallef, TarkiTarki Micallef 1961 Footballer, played for Cardiff City, Newport County and Bristol Rovers. Born in Grangetown, Cardiff [149]
Mohamed, KaidKaid Mohamed 1984 Footballer, has played for teams such as Swindon Town and Cheltenham Town. Born in Cardiff [150]
Morris, AaronAaron Morris 1989 Footballer, has played for Cardiff City, Newport County and Aldershot Town. Born in Rumney, Cardiff [151]
Nogan, KurtKurt Nogan 1970 Footballer, played for teams such as Brighton & Hove Albion, Burnley and Preston North End. Younger brother of Lee Nogan Born in Cardiff [152]
Nogan, LeeLee Nogan 1969 International footballer, has played for teams such as Oxford United, Watford, Reading and Wales. Elder brother of Kurt Nogan. Born in Cardiff [153]
Parsons, JohnJohn Parsons 1950 Footballer, played for Cardiff City, A.F.C. Bournemouth and Newport County. Born in Cardiff [119]
Pike, ChrisChris Pike 1961 Footballer, played for teams such as Fulham, Cardiff City and Gillingham. Born in Cardiff [119]
Pritchard, HowardHoward Pritchard 1958 International footballer, played for teams such as Bristol City, Swindon Town, Gillingham and Wales. Born in Cardiff [154]
Reece, GilGil Reece 1942 2003 International footballer, played for teams such as Sheffield United, Cardiff City and Wales. Born in Cardiff [155]
Roberts, ChristianChristian Roberts 1979 Footballer, has played for teams such as Exeter City, Bristol City and Swindon Town. Born in Cardiff [156]
Roberts, PhilPhil Roberts 1950 International footballer, played for teams such as Bristol Rovers, Portsmouth, Exeter City and Wales. Born in Cardiff [157]
Rodrigues, PeterPeter Rodrigues 1944 International footballer, played for Cardiff City, Leicester City, Sheffield Wednesday, Southampton and Wales, captain of Southampton's 1976 FA Cup winning team. Born in Cardiff [158]
Sayer, PeterPeter Sayer 1955 International footballer, played for teams such as Cardiff City, Brighton & Hove Albion, Preston North End and Wales. Born in Cardiff [159]
Searle, DamonDamon Searle 1971 Footballer, has played for teams such as Cardiff City, Carlisle United and Southend United. Born in Cardiff [160]
Sherwood, KatieKatie Sherwood 1986 International footballer, has played for Cardiff City Ladies, Middle Tennessee Blue Raiders, Bristol Academy, Chelsea and Wales. Born in Cardiff [161]
Stansfield, FredFred Stansfield 1917 International footballer and manager, played for Cardiff City, Newport County and Wales. Born in Cardiff [162]
Stitfall, RonRon Stitfall 1925 International footballer, played for Cardiff City and Wales. Born in Cardiff [163]
Toshack, JohnJohn Toshack 1949 International footballer and manager. Played for Cardiff City, Liverpool, Swansea City and Wales. Managed teams such as Real Sociedad, Real Madrid, Wales, Beşiktaş and Macedonia. Born in Cardiff [164]
Yorath, TerryTerry Yorath 1950 International footballer and manager, played for teams such as Leeds United, Coventry City, Tottenham Hotspur and Wales. Managed teams such as Swansea City, Wales and Lebanon. Father of television presenter Gabby Logan. Born in Grangetown, Cardiff [165]

Athletics

Colin Jackson
Colin Jackson

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Barry, SteveSteve Barry 1950 Athlete specialising in race walking, won a gold medal at the 1982 Commonwealth Games. Won the BBC Wales Sports Personality of the Year award in 1982. Born in Cardiff [166]
Elias, MatthewMatthew Elias 1979 Athlete specialising in the 400 metres, won two silver medals at the 2002 Commonwealth Games and a gold medal at the 2002 European Athletics Championships. Born in Cardiff [167]
Grey-Thompson, TanniTanni Grey-Thompson 1969 Paralympic athlete and television presenter. Won sixteen Paralympic medals (including eleven golds), held over thirty world records and won the London Marathon six times between 1992 and 2002. was made a Life peer in 2010. Born in Cardiff [168]
Jackson, ColinColin Jackson 1967 Athlete who specialised in 110 metres hurdles and 60 metres hurdles. Won a silver medal in the 1988 Summer Olympics, and eleven gold medals in the World Championships, World Indoor Championships, European Championships, European Indoor Championships and Commonwealth Games. Held the world record for the 110 metre hurdles for over ten years, and has held the world record for the 60 metres hurdles since 1994. Younger brother of actress Suzanne Packer. Born in Cardiff [169]
McFall, JohnJohn McFall 1981 Paralympic athlete specialising in the T42 class 100 metres and 200 metres. Won a bronze medal at the 2008 Paralympics and two gold medals at the 2008 IWAS World Games. Based in Cardiff [170]
Williams, RhysRhys Williams 1984 Athlete specialising in the 400 metres hurdles. Won a gold medal at the 2012 European Athletics Championships. Based in Cardiff [171]

Boxing

Jim Driscoll
'Peerless' Jim Driscoll

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Avoth, DennisDennis Avoth 1947 Boxer, former Welsh Heavyweight Championship. Younger brother of Eddie Avoth Born in Cardiff [172]
Avoth, EddieEddie Avoth 1945 Boxer and actor, former British and Commonwealth Light Heavyweight champion. Elder brother of Dennis Avoth. Born in Cardiff [173]
Buckland, GaryGary Buckland 1986 Professional super featherweight and lightweight boxer, won the 2010 Prizefighter series, British super featherweight champion since 2011. Born in Rumney, Cardiff [174]
Driscoll, JimJim Driscoll 1880 1925 Former British and Commonwealth featherweight champion, first recipient of the featherwight Lonsdale Belt. Born in Newtown, Cardiff [175]
Erskine, JoeJoe Erskine 1934 1990 Former British and Commonwealth heavyweight champion. Born in Butetown, Cardiff [176]
Petersen, JackJack Petersen 1911 1990 Former British and Commonwealth heavyweight champion. Born in Cardiff [177]
Piper, NickyNicky Piper 1966 Former WBA Intercontinental and Commonwealth Light Heavyweight champion. Born in Culverhouse Cross, Cardiff [178]
Robinson, SteveSteve Robinson 1968 Former WBO Featherweight Champion, named BBC Wales Sports Personality of the Year in 1994. Born in Cardiff [178]

Cricket

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Arnott, TrevorTrevor Arnott 1902 1975 Right-arm fast-medium bowler and right-handed batsman, played for Marylebone Cricket Club, Monmouthshire and Wales. Born in Radyr, Cardiff [179]
Brain, PatPat Brain 1896 1945 Glamorgan. Born in Caerau, Cardiff [180]
Cann, MikeMike Cann 1965 Left-handed batsman and right-arm off-break bowler, played for Orange Free State, Griqualand West, Boland and the Impalas. Born in Cardiff [181]
Clarke, FrankFrank Clarke 1936 Right-arm fast-medium bowler, played for Glamorgan. Born in Heath, Cardiff [182]
Davis, JohnJohn Davis 1939 Roger Davis. Born in Whitchurch, Cardiff [183]
Davis, RogerRoger Davis 1946 John Davis. Born in Whitchurch, Cardiff [184]
Glover, JohnJohn Glover 1989 Right-arm medium-fast bowler, has played for Glamorgan since 2011. Born in Cardiff [185]
Hancock, RalphRalph Hancock 1887 1914 Right-handed batsman, played for Somerset. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [186]
Harris, ErnieErnie Harris 1919 1996 Right-handed batsman and right-arm medium-pace bowler, played for Glamorgan. Born in St Fagans, Cardiff [187]
Hill, EustaceEustace Hill 1869 1933 Right-handed batsman, played for Somerset. Elder brother of Vernon Hill. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [188]
Hill, EvelynEvelyn Hill 1907 1953 Right-arm fast bowler, played for Somerset. Served in the Somerset Light Infantry in World War II, attained the rank of Lieutenant colonel. Born in Cardiff [189]
Hill, MervynMervyn Hill 1902 1948 Wicket-keeper and right-handed batsman, played for Glamorgan. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [190]
Hill, VernonVernon Hill 1871 1932 Right-arm fast-medium bowler, played for Somerset. Younger brother of Eustace Hill. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff [191]
Hughes, GwynGwyn Hughes 1941 Right-handed batsman and slow left-arm orthodox bowler, played for Glamorgan. Born in Mynachdy, Cardiff [192]
Maynard, TomTom Maynard 1989 2012 Right-handed batsman, played for Surrey. Born in Cardiff [193]
Morgan, NielNiel Morgan 1904 1985 Right-handed batsman and right-arm medium-fast bowler, played for Wales. Born in Cyncoed, Cardiff [194]
Morgan, TrevilTrevil Morgan 1907 1976 Left-handed batsman, right-arm medium pace bowler and occasional wicket-keeper, played for Wales. Born in Cyncoed, Cardiff [195]
Morris, HughHugh Morris 1963 Left-handed batsman, played for England. Managing director of the England cricket team since 2007. Born in Canton, Cardiff [196]
Needham, RickyRicky Needham 1951 Left-handed batsman, right-arm medium-pace bowler and occasional wicket-keeper, played for Glamorgan. Born in Canton, Cardiff [197]
Newbold, MichaelMichael Newbold 1970 Right-handed batsman, played for Wales Minor Counties. Born in Cardiff [198]
Norman, AneurinAneurin Norman 1991 Right-arm medium pace bowler, has played for Glamorgan since 2011. Born in Cardiff [199]
Pleass, JimJim Pleass 1923 Right-handed batsman, played for Glamorgan. Born in Cardiff [200]
Reed, GeorgeGeorge Reed 1906 1988 Left-arm fast-medium bowler, played for Glamorgan. Born in St Fagans, Cardiff [201]
Riches, JohnJohn Riches 1920 1999 Right-handed batsman, played for Glamorgan. Born in Cathays, Cardiff [202]
Riches, NormanNorman Riches 1883 1975 Right-handed batsman, right-arm medium bowler and occasional wicket-keeper, played for Wales and Marylebone. In 1921, he became the first Glamorgan batsman to pass a thousand runs in first-class cricket. Born in Cardiff [203]
Spiller, BillyBilly Spiller 1886 1970 International rugby union player, played for teams such as century for Glamorgan in first-class cricket. Born in St Fagans, Cardiff [204]
Spiller, CecilCecil Spiller 1900 1974 Right-handed batsman and right-arm medium pace bowler, played for Glamorgan. Born in Cardiff [205]
Sylvester, JamieJamie Sylvester 1971 Right-handed batsman and right-arm off-break bowler, played for Berkshire, Herefordshire and Wales Minor Counties. Born in Cardiff [206]
Sylvester, RyanRyan Sylvester 1975 Right-handed batsman, played for Herefordshire and Wales Minor Counties. Born in Cardiff [207]
Symonds, HarryHarry Symonds 1889 1945 Left-handed batsman and slow left-arm orthodox bowler, played for Wales. Born in Cardiff [208]
Tamplin, CyrilCyril Tamplin 1921 Wicket-keeper, played for Bengal. Born in Cardiff [209]
Taylor, TomTom Taylor 1911 1970 Right-handed batsman, played for Glamorgan. Born in Cardiff [210]
Turnbull, MauriceMaurice Turnbull 1906 1944 International cricket and rugby union player. Right-handed batsman, played for Cardiff, London Welsh and Wales. Served in the Welsh Guards in World War II, attained the rank of Major. Born in Cardiff [211]
Waters, HuwHuw Waters 1986 Right-arm medium pace bowler, has played for Glamorgan since 2005. Born in Cardiff [212]
Wilkins, AlanAlan Wilkins 1953 Left-arm medium pace bowler, played for Gloucestershire. Commentator for SABC, BBC Wales and ESPN STAR Sports. Born in Rhiwbina, Cardiff [213]

Cycling

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Braddick, RegReg Braddick 1913 1999 International road cyclist, founder of Cardiff Ajax Cycling Club. Represented Wales in the 1938 British Empire Games. Born in Cardiff [214]
Esposti, PaulPaul Esposti 1972 Cyclist for Team Legacy Energy, finished 5th in the Road Race at the 1998 Commonwealth Games. Born in Cardiff [215]
Thomas, GeraintGeraint Thomas 1986 Cyclist for Team Sky, has won two Olympic gold medals and three World Championship gold medals, has competed in three Tours de France and two Giros d'Italia. Born in Whitchurch, Cardiff [216]

Rugby

Reggie Gibbs
Reggie Gibbs

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Allen, CoryCory Allen 1993 Rugby union player, has played for Cardiff Blues since 2011. Born in Cardiff [217]
Baber, GarethGareth Baber 1972 Rugby union player and coach, has played for teams such as Cardiff, Pontypridd and Newport Gwent Dragons. Former head coach of Cardiff Blues. Born in Cardiff [218]
Boston, BillyBilly Boston 1934 International rugby league player, played for Wigan and Great Britain. Member of the Rugby League Hall of Fame and the Welsh Sports Hall of Fame Born in Tiger Bay, Cardiff [219]
Bowcott, HarryHarry Bowcott 1907 2004 International rugby union player, played for teams such as Cardiff, London Welsh, London Wasps and Wales. Served as president of the Welsh Rugby Union in 1974–75. Born in Cardiff [220]
Brew, AledAled Brew 1986 International rugby union player, has played for teams such as Ospreys, Newport Gwent Dragons, Biarritz Olympique and Wales. Younger brother of Nathan Brew Born in Cardiff [221]
Brew, NathanNathan Brew 1982 International rugby union player, has played for teams such as Newport Gwent Dragons, Scarlets and Wales. Elder brother of Aled Brew. Born in Cardiff [222]
Brown, John AlfJohn Alf Brown 1881 1936 International rugby union player, played for St Peters, Cardiff and Wales Born in Cardiff [223]
Bush, PercyPercy Bush 1879 1955 International rugby union player, played for teams such as Cardiff, Wales and British Isles. Born in Cardiff [224]
Czekaj, ChrisChris Czekaj 1985 International rugby union player, has played for Cardiff, Cardiff Blues and Wales. Born in Cardiff [225]
Dixon, ColinColin Dixon 1943 1993 International rugby league player, played for Halifax, Salford, Wales and Great Britain. Born in Butetown, Cardiff [226]
Ford, SteveSteve Ford 1965 International rugby union player, played for Cardiff and Wales Born in Cardiff [227]
Gibbs, ReggieReggie Gibbs 1882 1938 International rugby union player, played for teams such as Cardiff, the Barbarians and Wales. Born in Cardiff [228]
Ingledew, HughHugh Ingledew 1865 1937 International rugby union player, played for teams such as Cardiff, the Barbarians and Wales. Born in Cardiff [229][230]
Llewellyn, GarethGareth Llewellyn 1969 International rugby union player, played for teams such as Neath, Harlequins, Bristol and Wales. Born in Cardiff [231]
Robinson, MatthewMatthew Robinson 1973 International rugby union player, played for Swansea and Wales. Born in Cardiff [232]
Robinson, NickyNicky Robinson 1982 International rugby union player, has played for teams such as Cardiff Blues, Gloucester, London Wasps and Wales. Younger brother of Jamie Robinson. Born in Cardiff [233]
Spiller, BillyBilly Spiller 1886 1970 International rugby union player, played for teams such as century for Glamorgan in first-class cricket. Born in St Fagans, Cardiff [204]
Sullivan, CliveClive Sullivan 1943 1985 International rugby league player, played for teams such as Hull, Hull Kingston Rovers, Wales and Great Britain. Born in Cardiff [234]
Turnbull, MauriceMaurice Turnbull 1906 1944 International cricket and rugby union player. Right-handed batsman, played for Cardiff, London Welsh and Wales. Served in the Welsh Guards in World War II, attained the rank of Major. Born in Cardiff [211]
Walker, NigelNigel Walker 1963 International athlete and rugby union player. Represented Great Britain at the 1984 Summer Olympics in the 110 metre hurdles. Played for Cardiff and Wales. Born in Cardiff [235]
Whitcombe, FrankFrank Whitcombe 1913 1958 International rugby union and rugby league player. Played for teams such as Brian Whitcombe and Frank Whitcombe Jr, and grandfather of Martin Whitcombe. Born in Grangetown, Cardiff [236]
Williams, DerekDerek Williams 1924 International rugby union player, played for Cardiff and Wales. Born in Cardiff [237]
Williams, JohnnieJohnnie Williams 1882 1916 International rugby union player, played for teams such as Newport, Cardiff and wales Born in Whitchurch, Cardiff [238]

Other sports

Paolo Radmilovic
Paolo Radmilovic in 1909

Name Born Died Description Connection with Cardiff Ref
Andrews, MarkMark Andrews 1992 Professional Wrestler who works for TNA Wrestling. Also the winner of TNA British Boot Camp Born in Cardiff [239]
Barker, IanIan Barker 1966 Sailor, won a silver medal in the 49er class at the 2000 Summer Olympics. Born in Cardiff [240]
Broome, DavidDavid Broome 1940 International show jumper. Won bronze medals at the 1960 and 1968 Summer Olympics, two World Championship gold medals, and four European Championship gold medals. Born in Cardiff [241]
Hill, PhilPhil Hill 1982 Ice hockey player, has played for Cardiff Devils, Sheffield Steelers and Great Britain. Born in Cardiff. [242]
Lyle, StevieStevie Lyle 1979 Ice hockey player, has played for teams such as Cardiff Devils, Belfast Giants and Basingstoke Bison Born in Cardiff [243]
Myers, JosephJoseph Myers 1987 Ice hockey player, has played for the Cardiff Devils. Born in Cardiff [244]
Radmilovic, PauloPaulo Radmilovic 1886 1968 Water polo player and swimmer, won four gold medals at the 1908, 1912 and 1920 Olympic Games. Born in Cardiff [245]
Whitcombe, GeorgeGeorge Whitcombe 1902 1986 Footballer and Wales international baseball player. Brother of Frank Whitcombe, uncle of Frank Whitcombe Jr, and great-uncle of Martin Whitcombe. Born in Grangetown, Cardiff [236]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^
  66. ^
  67. ^
  68. ^
  69. ^
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^
  73. ^
  74. ^
  75. ^
  76. ^
  77. ^
  78. ^
  79. ^
  80. ^
  81. ^
  82. ^
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^
  86. ^
  87. ^
  88. ^
  89. ^
  90. ^
  91. ^
  92. ^
  93. ^
  94. ^
  95. ^
  96. ^
  97. ^
  98. ^
  99. ^
  100. ^
  101. ^
  102. ^
  103. ^
  104. ^
  105. ^
  106. ^
  107. ^
  108. ^ John Agan, Webster Parish historian, "Echoes of Our Past", Mayor David Thomas, Minden Press-Herald, May 22, 2008
  109. ^
  110. ^
  111. ^
  112. ^
  113. ^
  114. ^
  115. ^
  116. ^
  117. ^
  118. ^
  119. ^ a b c d e f g h
  120. ^
  121. ^
  122. ^
  123. ^
  124. ^
  125. ^
  126. ^
  127. ^
  128. ^
  129. ^
  130. ^
  131. ^
  132. ^
  133. ^
  134. ^
  135. ^
  136. ^
  137. ^
  138. ^
  139. ^
  140. ^
  141. ^
  142. ^
  143. ^
  144. ^
  145. ^
  146. ^
  147. ^
  148. ^
  149. ^
  150. ^
  151. ^
  152. ^
  153. ^
  154. ^
  155. ^
  156. ^
  157. ^
  158. ^
  159. ^
  160. ^
  161. ^
  162. ^
  163. ^
  164. ^
  165. ^
  166. ^
  167. ^
  168. ^
  169. ^
  170. ^
  171. ^
  172. ^
  173. ^
  174. ^
  175. ^
  176. ^
  177. ^
  178. ^ a b
  179. ^
  180. ^
  181. ^
  182. ^
  183. ^
  184. ^
  185. ^
  186. ^
  187. ^
  188. ^
  189. ^
  190. ^
  191. ^
  192. ^
  193. ^
  194. ^
  195. ^
  196. ^
  197. ^
  198. ^
  199. ^
  200. ^
  201. ^
  202. ^
  203. ^
  204. ^ a b
  205. ^
  206. ^
  207. ^
  208. ^
  209. ^
  210. ^
  211. ^ a b
  212. ^
  213. ^
  214. ^
  215. ^
  216. ^
  217. ^
  218. ^
  219. ^
  220. ^
  221. ^
  222. ^
  223. ^
  224. ^
  225. ^
  226. ^
  227. ^
  228. ^
  229. ^
  230. ^
  231. ^
  232. ^
  233. ^
  234. ^
  235. ^
  236. ^ a b
  237. ^
  238. ^
  239. ^
  240. ^
  241. ^
  242. ^
  243. ^
  244. ^
  245. ^

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.