World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mandeali language

 

Mandeali language

Mandeali
Native to India
Region Himachal Pradesh
Native speakers
unknown (1.7 million cited 1991 census – 2007)[1]
Later census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
mjl – Mandeali
kfs – Bilaspuri
cdh – Chambeali
cdj – Churahi
gbk – Gaddi (Bharmauri)
bht – Bhattiyali
bhd – Bhadrawahi
pgg – Pangwali
Glottolog mand1409  (Mandeali)[3]
cham1331  (Chambealic)[4]

Mandeali is a Western Pahari language spoken in northern India, predominantly in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh by the people of the Mandi Valley and particularly in the major city of Mandi. Other spellings for the name are Mandiyali and Mandiali; it is also called Mandalgarhi ~ Mandigyahri. UNESCO reports it is one of the highly endangered languages of India.[5] Speakers of the language have decreased by 21% from 1961 to 2001.

The Chambealic varieties (Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Bhattiyali, Pangwali, Gaddi, and Churahi/Bhadrawahi/Bhalesi/Khashali/Padari) are often considered separate languages, but at least some are 90–95% intelligible with Mandeali proper.[1]

Dialects

Preliminary survey suggests speakers have functional intelligibility of Kangri. People in southeast Mandi district may have more difficulty understanding Kangri. Standard Mandeali is spoken throughout the broad valley running north and south from Jogindernagar to Sundarnagar. Mandeali Pahari is spoken north around Barot, east of Uhl River. Intelligible with difficulty to standard Mandeali. May be intermediate variety between Mandeali and Kullui. Southeast district contains transition to Mahasui. In the west, Sarkaghat is also a bit different from standard Mandeali, perhaps forming a transition towards Hamirpur and Bilaspur areas. Lexical similarity: 89% with Palampuri dialect of Kangri, 83% with Chambeali.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Mandeali at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Bilaspuri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Chambeali at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Churahi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Gaddi (Bharmauri) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Bhattiyali at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/language/mjl
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.