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Faridkot State

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Faridkot State

Faridkot State
ਫਰੀਦਕੋਟ
Princely State of British India

1803–1947

Flag of Faridkot

Flag

Location of Faridkot
Faridkot State in a 1911 map of Punjab
Historical era New Imperialism
 -  Established 1803
 -  Partition of India 1947
Area
 -  1892 1,652 km2 (638 sq mi)
Population
 -  1892 97,034 
Density 58.7 /km2  (152.1 /sq mi)
 

Faridkot State was a Princely state during the British Raj. The state had its capital at Faridkot and was one of the Cis-Sutlej states in the Punjab region.

History

A descendant of Jaisal, the founder of Jaisalmer State in 1156, who was named Kapura founded in 1643 the principality of Kot Kapura, the predecessor state of Faridkot. In 1763 the Kot Kapura State was split in two by its joint rulers: Kot Kapura, which was conquered by the Sikhs of Lahore in 1807 and incorporated into Pañjab, and Faridkot, which remained with the Jaisal dynasty.

For the support given to the British in overcoming the mutiny of 1857, the ruler of Faridkot was accorded an 11-gun salute as per the rules of precedence at the Imperial Durbar.[1]

Faridkot had issued postage stamps independently from 1879 to 1887 when it signed a postal convention with the British.

List of Faridkot rulers

Jaisal dynasty

  • 1643 - 1708 Kapura Singh (born 1628 - died 1708)
  • 1708 - 1710 Sajja Singh (b. ... - died 1710)
  • 1710 - 1731 Sukha Singh (born 1681 - died 1731)
  • 1731 - 1763 ...
  • 1763 - 1782 Hamir Singh (b. ... - died 1782)
  • 1782 - 1798 Mohr Singh (b. ... - died 1798)
  • 1798 - 1804 Kharat Singh (b. ... - died 1804)
  • 1804 Dal Singh (b. ... - died 1804)
  • 1804 - 5 November 1826 Ghulab Singh (b. c.1797 - died 1826)
  • 1826 - August 1827 Attar Singh (born 1823 - died 1827)
  • 1827 - 1846 Pahar Singh (b. ... - died 1849)

Rajas

  • 1846 - April 1849 Pahar Singh (s.a.)
  • 1849 - April 1874 Wazir Singh (born 1811 - died 1874)
  • 1874 - 8 August 1898 Vikram Singh (born 1842 - died 1898)
  • 1898 - 1906 Balbir Singh (born 1870 - died 1906)
  • 11 February 1906 - 1918 Balbir Indar Singh (born 1896 - died 1918)

Maharaja

Faridkot State Stamp
  • 1918 - 23 December 1918 Balbir Indar Singh (s.a.)

Raja

23 December 1918 - 15 August 1947 Har Indar Singh (born 1915 - died 1989)

Demography

Faridkot had an area of 643 square miles.[2]:33–38 According to the 1901 census the state had a population of 124,912 and contained 2 towns and 167 villages.[3] Predominantly agricultural, it had two small towns, Faridkot and Kotkapura.

Further reading

  • Subhash Parihar
  • Architectural Heritage of a Sikh State: Faridkot (Delhi: Aryan Books International, 2009)

See also

References

  1. ^ Faridkot Princely State (11 gun salute)
  2. ^ Stewart Wilson, Vol I. (1897).
  3. ^ Farīdkot State - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 50-51

External links


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