World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Francesco Calcagno

Article Id: WHEBN0028969825
Reproduction Date:

Title: Francesco Calcagno  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Francesco Calcagno

Francesco Calcagno (1528 - 1550) was a young Franciscan friar famously executed for blasphemy and sodomy by the Venetian Inquisition.

Calcagno and the Venetian Inquisition

Calcagno, a twenty-two-year-old Franciscan friar from Brescia, was interrogated in Brescia on 15 July 1550 and executed in Venice on 23 December 1550, after an investigation by the Holy Office of the Venetian Inquisition relating to the offenses of atheistic blasphemy and sodomy.

A witness familiar with Calcagno testified that the Franciscan slept with a boy almost every night, believed that Jesus engaged in sodomy with St. John, and denied the existence of God and Paradise, as well as the immortality of the human soul.[1]

Calcagno admitted his guilt and mentioned that he had once talked to a certain Mr. Lauro di Glisenti da Vestone, an atheist who "said he didn't believe in anything, only what you could see with your eyes," and replied "Well then you can believe or say anything you want about Christ no matter how bad, like that he kept Saint John as his boy."[2] Calcagno also told the inquisitors that he had been influenced in his opinions by La cazzaria, a homoerotic 1530 dialogue by Antonio Vignali that was discreetly (but widely) circulated at the time.[3]

The laicized friar maintained his rebellious attitude, continuing to parody the Catholic Church and its beliefs and celebrating Mass in spite of being forbidden from doing so.[2]


  1. ^ Tucker, Scott (1997). The Queer Question: Essays on Desire and Democracy. Boston: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-577-0. p. 46.
  2. ^ a b Dall'Orto, Giovanni (2004). "'Nature is a Mother Most Sweet': Homosexuality in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Italian Libertinism". In Gary P. Cestaro (Ed.), Queer Italia: Same-Sex Desire in Italian Literature and Film (pp. 83-104). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-24026-4.
  3. ^ Gianetti, Laura (2009). Lelia's Kiss: Imagining Gender, Sex, and Marriage in Italian Renaissance Comedy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-9951-8. p. 163.

Further reading

  • Adora più presto un bel putto, che Domenedio': il processo a un libertino omosessuale: Francesco Calcagno (1550)Dall'Orto, Giovanni, "'", "Sodoma" 5 (Spring - Summer 1993), pp. 43–55. (Italian)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.