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Monarchy of Greece

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Title: Monarchy of Greece  
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Monarchy of Greece

Monarchy of Greece
Former Monarchy
Royal Coat of arms
Constantine II
First monarch Otto I
(as King of Greece)
Last monarch Constantine II
(as King of the Hellenes)
Style His Majesty
Official residence New Royal Palace
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy began 27 May 1832
Monarchy ended 1 June 1973
Current pretender(s) Constantine II

The Monarchy of Greece (the Greek Monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1924 and 1935 to 1973.

History

The Monarch of Greece was created by the London Conference of 1832 at which the First Hellenic Republic was abolished.

In 1832 Prince Otto of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach was styled Otto I, King of Greece which he reigned for 30 years until he was deposed in 1862.

A Hellenes.

There was a referendum in 1920 to restore Constantine I as monarch, but four years later the Second Hellenic Republic was established and the monarchy was abolished following a referendum in 1924. Then in 1935 the Monarchy was restored after a referendum and a referendum in 1946.

In 1973 the Greek military junta called a referendum in 1973, which abolished the Monarchy for the second time in Greek history. Then in 1974 the Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis called a referendum in 1974 which formally abolished the Monarchy.

Residences

George I in the 1870s. The property was seized by the Republic following the 1974 referendum and has long been contentious issue between the former Royal Family and the Greek state.

List of Greek Monarchs

Monarch Consort Reign Royal House
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1 King Otto I
(1815–1867)
Όθων
Queen Amalia
(1818–1875)
Αμαλία
27 May 1832
[1]
23 October 1862
(Deposed)
House of Wittelsbach
2 King George I
(1845–1913)
Γεώργιος Α'
Queen Olga
(1851–1926)
Όλγα
30 March 1863 18 March 1913 House of Glücksburg
3 King Constantine I
(1868–1923)
Κωνσταντίνος Α'
Queen Sophia
(1870–1932)
Σοφία
18 March 1913 11 June 1917
(Abdicated)
House of Glücksburg
4 King Alexander I
(1893–1920)
Αλέξανδρος Α'
Princess Aspasia
(1896–1972)
Ασπασία [2]
11 June 1917 25 October 1920 House of Glücksburg
(3) King Constantine I
(1868–1923)
Κωνσταντίνος Α'
Queen Sophia
(1870–1932)
Σοφία
19 December 1920 27 September 1922
(Abdicated)
House of Glücksburg
5 King George II
(1890–1947)
Γεώργιος Β΄
Queen Elisabeth
(1894–1956)
Ελισάβετ
27 September 1922 25 March 1924
(Deposed)
House of Glücksburg
Second Hellenic Republic
(5) King George II
(1890–1947)
Γεώργιος Β΄
Divorced 3 November 1935 1 April 1947 House of Glücksburg
6 King Paul I
(1901–1964)
Παύλος Α'
Queen Frederica
(1917–1981)
Φρειδερίκη
1 April 1947 6 March 1964 House of Glücksburg
7 King Constantine II
(1940–)
Κωνσταντίνος Β΄
Queen Anne-Marie
(1946–)
Άννα-Μαρία
6 March 1964 1 June 1973
(Deposed)
House of Glücksburg

Royal Consorts

Regents of Greece

Insignia

See also

References

  1. ^ Protocol signed in 1832 but landed in Greece on 6 February 1833
  2. ^ Aspasia and Alexander's marriage was kept secret, and Aspasia was never styled as Queen of the Hellenes. Sometime after Alexander's death she was recognized as a Princess of Greece and Denmark instead.
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