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Ablaincourt-Pressoir

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Title: Ablaincourt-Pressoir  
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Subject: Communes of the Somme department, LGV Nord, Arrondissement of Péronne, Gare TGV Haute-Picardie, Reinhard Sorge
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Ablaincourt-Pressoir

Ablaincourt-Pressoir
Ablaincourt-Pressoir
Ablaincourt-Pressoir

Coordinates: 49°50′26″N 2°49′23″E / 49.8406°N 2.8231°E / 49.8406; 2.8231Coordinates: 49°50′26″N 2°49′23″E / 49.8406°N 2.8231°E / 49.8406; 2.8231

Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Péronne
Canton Chaulnes
Intercommunality Communauté de communes de Haute Picardie
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Didier Leturcq
Area
 • Land1 9.46 km2 (3.65 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 265
 • Population2 density 28/km2 (73/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80002 / 80320
Elevation 67–88 m (220–289 ft)
(avg. 83 m or 272 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ablaincourt-Pressoir is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

The two villages were formerly separately administered, but were joined in 1966.

Geography

Ablaincourt-Pressoir is found in the Santerre sub-region, where early French Kings made their base, at Noyon.
The town is in a strategic position close to the intersections of the A1 Paris-Lille autoroute and the A29 autoroute between Amiens and Saint-Quentin. Two departmental roads meet nearby (the D150 and the D164). The town also an international TGV rail station, the Gare TGV Haute-Picardie, nicknamed "The sugar-beet station" named after the predominant crop of the area.

Etymology; Ancient forms of the names

  • Ablaincourt

Abatix Curtis, Habelini Curtis (1046), Ablani Curtis, Ableni Curia (1106), Abbecourt (1144), Abiaucourt (1215), Ablaincort (1230), Ablincourt (1733) and finally, Ablaincourt, which signifies an abbey.

  • Pressoir

Pressurs or Drêsur (1180).

History

  • Ablaincourt

In 1215, Jean I de Nesle built a castle here. Remains of the motte can still be seen, which marks out the position of the keep.

In 1648, possession of the fiefdom of Ablaincourt passed from the Blattepière family to the Mathieu family.

During World War I Ablaincourt et Pressoir were at the centre of the Battle of the Somme. Both communes were totally ruined by the fighting.

Demographics

  • 1851 Census

The 2 communes were still separate.

Ablaincourt = Population : 445 inhabitants
Pressoir = Population : 144 inhabitants
  • 1896 Census

The 2 communes were still separate.

Ablaincourt = Population : 312 inhabitants
Pressoir = Population : 106 inhabitants
Historical population of Ablaincourt-Pressoir
Year 185118961962196819751982199019992006
Population 589418193224194185206227267
From the year 1962 on: population without double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

People

  • Eloi Driencourt, born in the hamlet of Bovent, Ablaincourt, doctor of the Sorbonne and for a while, advisor to Louis XV's queen, Maria Leszczyńska (1703–1768),
  • Ludovic Hulin was elected in March 1995 and became the youngest mayor of Ablaincourt-Pressoir, at the age of 28.
  • Reinhard Johannes Sorge, a German Roman Catholic poet and dramatist, died at a First Aid post located at the ruins of Ablaincourt-Pressoir on 20 July 1916. Sorge had been wounded by a hand grenade during the Battle of the Somme.

See also

References

  • INSEE

External links

  • Ablaincourt-Pressoir on the website of Quid
  • Localisation d'Ablaincourt-Pressoir on a map of France
  • Map of Ablaincourt-Pressoir on Mapquest
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