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Aircraft 140

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Aircraft 140

OKB-1 140
Role Jet Bomber
National origin USSR
Manufacturer GOZ-1
Designer Brunolf Baade
First flight 30 September 1948
Number built 2
Developed from OKB-1 EF 131

The OKB-1 '140', (sometimes known as '001') was a jet bomber produced in the USSR from 1947.

Development

The '140' was a reconnaissance/bomber aircraft, derived from the OKB-1 EF 131 with home-grown Soviet turbojet engines. The initial version, a tactical jet bomber, with a secondary reconnaissance role, was initiated as the EF-140 by Dr. Brunolf Baade, at OKB-1, in 1947. The six Jumo 004 engines of the EF-131 were replaced by two Mikulin AM-TKRD-01 axial flow turbojets, rated at 32.372 kN (7,280 lb) thrust, in large nacelles attached to the underside of the wing at the same position. Using the airframe of the second EF-131 prototype, the '140' was very similar in appearance, with the classic Junkers style crew compartment in the nose, wings swept forward 19deg50min with marked dihedral, and the under-slung engine nacelles extending forward of the leading-edge. Construction was of aluminium alloy stressed skin, with a semi-monocoque fuselage, wings with multiple spars covered with stressed skin panels, and high strength steel for highly stressed parts. Defensive armament consisted of a VDB-6 dorsal and NDB-1M ventral remotely controlled turrets controlled by the gunner, in the rear of the crew compartment, using upper and lower periscopes. The prototype was completed quickly and ready for flight tests by late September 1948 after being disassembled and transported to Tyoplyy Stan airfield on the outskirts of Moscow. First flight took place on 30 September 1948, but early test flights were disrupted by severe problems with the fuel control units of the AM-TKRD-01 engines. A replacement ship-set were fitted and testing continued till manufacturers test were completed on 24 May 1949.

Council of Ministers directive No. 1886-696 called for development of 140 as a tactical reconnaissance aircraft powered by two Klimov VK-1 centrifugal flow turbo-jets. During the design work for the '140-R' the deficiencies highlighted by flight testing of the '140' were addressed as well as the addition of wing-tip mounted fuel tanks and new nacelles for the VK-1 engines, and the fitting of DT-V1 and DT-N1 turrets, replacing those of the '140', armed with 2 × 23mm cannon each. Flight testing of '140-R' commenced on 20 October at a specially built airfield near the GOZ-1 factory at Borki, (the German workers were not admitted to Tyoplyy Stan for security reasons), where four flights were carried out, all of which suffered from severe vibration of the wings.

The final variant of '140' was the '140-B/R', which was a reconnaissance bomber, powered by the same engines but with increased weights and reduced performance. Design work, static tests, construction were complete and ground testing of the aircraft partially completed when all work on '140-R' and '140-B/R' aircraft was terminated by Council of Ministers directive No. 2474-974 issued on 18 June 1950.

Variants

  • '140' – The initial prototype tactical jet bomber utilising the airframe of the second EF-131 with two Mikulin AM-TKRD-01 turbojet engines.
  • '140-R' – Converted from '140', the '140-R' was a reconnaissance aircraft powered by Klimov VK-1 engines and various improvements highlighted by flight testing of '140'.
  • '140-B/R' – A second '140 airframe, completed as a reconnaissance-bomber, which had partially completed ground tests, prior to flight testing, when the programme was cancelled.

Specifications ('140-R')

Data from Gordon, Yefim. “Early Soviet Jet Bombers”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-181-4

General characteristics
  • Crew: 4
  • Length: 19.25 m (63 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 21.87 m (71 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 5.65 m (18 ft 6½ in)
  • Wing area: 61 m2 (656.66 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 14,676 kg (32,360 lb)
  • Gross weight: 25,543 kg (56,330 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Klimov VK-1, 26.487 kN (5,950 lbf) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 837 km/h (520 mph)
  • Range: 3,600 km (2,237 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 14,100 m (46,250 ft)
Armament
  • 2 × 23mm cannon in a DT-V1 dorsal barbette.
  • 2 × 23mm cannon in a DT-N1 ventral barbette
  • 8 × 100kg SAB-100/75 high explosive bombs.
  • or 8 × 100kg SAB-100/55 high explosive bombs.
  • or 12 × 50kg FOTAB-50/35 flare bombs
  • See also

    Related development
    Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

    References

    • Gordon, Yefim. “Early Soviet Jet Bombers”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-181-4
    • Gunston, Bill. “The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995”. London, Osprey. 1995. ISBN 1-85532-405-9
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