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Aluminium antimonide

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Title: Aluminium antimonide  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: III-V compounds, Aluminium arsenide, Semiconductor materials, Antimony, Gallium antimonide
Collection: Aluminium Compounds, Antimonides, III-V Compounds, Semiconductor Materials
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Aluminium antimonide

Aluminium antimonide
ChemSpider  Y
EC number 246-667-3
Jmol-3D images Image
Molar mass 148.742 g/mol
Appearance black crystals
Density 4.26 g/cm3
Melting point 1,060 °C (1,940 °F; 1,330 K)
Boiling point 2,467 °C (4,473 °F; 2,740 K)
Band gap 1.58 eV
Zinc blende
65 J/mol K
-50.4 kJ/mol
Safety data sheet MSDS
NFPA 704
317 °C (603 °F; 590 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 Y  (: Y/N?)

Aluminium antimonide (AlSb) is a semiconductor of the group III-V family containing aluminium and antimony. The lattice constant is 0.61 nm. The indirect bandgap is approximately 1.6 eV at 300 K, whereas the direct band gap is 2.22 eV.

Its electron mobility is 200 cm²·V−1·s−1 and hole mobility 400 cm²·V−1·s−1 at 300 K. Its refractive index is 3.3 at a wavelength of 2 µm, and its dielectric constant is 10.9 at microwave frequencies.[1]

AlSb can be alloyed with other III-V materials to produce the following ternary materials: AlInSb, AlGaSb and AlAsSb.

Aluminum antimonide is rather flammable because of the reducing tendency of the antimonide (Sb3−) ion. It burns to produce aluminum oxide and antimony trioxide.

See also


  1. ^ K Seeger and E Schonherr "Microwave dielectric constant of aluminium antimonide" Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6 (1991) 301 doi:10.1088/0268-1242/6/4/013
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