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Basse-Terre

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre cathedral
Basse-Terre cathedral
Coat of arms of Basse-Terre
Coat of arms
Location of the commune (in red) within Guadeloupe
Location of the commune (in red) within Guadeloupe
Coordinates:
Country France
Overseas region and department Guadeloupe
Arrondissement Basse-Terre
Canton Basse-Terre (1st, and 2nd)
Intercommunality Sud Basse-Terre
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Marie-Luce Penchard
Area1 5.78 km2 (2.23 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 11,534
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 97105 / 97100

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Basse-Terre is the prefecture (capital city) of Guadeloupe, an overseas region and department of France located in the Lesser Antilles.[1] The city of Basse-Terre is located on Basse-Terre Island, the western half of Guadeloupe.

Although it is the administrative capital, Basse-Terre is only the second largest city in Guadeloupe behind Pointe-à-Pitre. Together with its urban area it had 44,864 inhabitants in 2012 (11,534 of whom lived in the city of Basse-Terre proper).

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Sights 3
  • Climate 4
  • Sport 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Name

See Basse-Terre Island for the origin of the name Basse-Terre.

History

Fort Delgrès

The city was founded in 1643, in the mountainous section of Basse-Terre, one of the two islands which compose Guadeloupe. It was destroyed many times as a consequence of the Anglo-French wars. The fear around the eruption of La Grande Soufriere in 1976, led to the town's temporary evacuation. Today the town is quiet, with its French provincial atmosphere and colourful port life.

Home of the noted writer of the Négritude movement, Paul Niger.

Sights

In town is the Cathedral of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul, a 19th-century building which has a notable grey stone highlighted by white statues; many other colonial buildings; La place du Champ d'Arbaud, the main square and Le Jardin Pichon, the park adjoining to the south & the Zoological and Botanical Park lies on a 1,500-foot (460 m) hilltop garden on the banks of La Rivière-aux-Herbes. This is a reserve of the plants and animals of Guadeloupe.

Climate

Basse-Terre lies at a transitional point between a tropical rainforest climate and a tropical monsoon climate. While Basse-Terre does feature a drier stretch from January through March, the town does not quite have a dry season month. The town’s driest month (February) sees on average roughly 60 mm of precipitation. A monthly precipitation average below 60 mm is considered dry season month. As is the norm with cities with these two climate types, Basse-Terre features relatively consistent temperatures throughout the year.

Climate data for Basse-Terre
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(86)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
26
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 8
(3.1)
6
(2.4)
7
(2.8)
11
(4.3)
15
(5.9)
12
(4.7)
16
(6.3)
19
(7.5)
23
(9.1)
22
(8.7)
22
(8.7)
14
(5.5)
178
(70.1)
Source: Weatherbase[2]

Sport

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^ INSEE
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Basse-Terre". 

External links

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