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Title: Brańsk  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Bielsk Podlaski, Białystok Voivodeship (1975–98), Bielsk County, Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust, Belastok Region
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Roman Catholic church
Roman Catholic church
Coat of arms of Brańsk
Coat of arms
Location within Bielsk County
Location within Bielsk County
Brańsk is located in Poland
Location within Poland
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Podlaskie
County Bielsk
Gmina Brańsk (urban gmina)
Town rights 18 January 1493
 • Mayor Czesław Sokołowski
 • Total 32.43 km2 (12.52 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 3,822
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 17-120
Area code(s) +48 085
Car plates BBI

Brańsk (Ukrainian: Бранськ or Брянськ, Brans’k or Brians’k) is an Urban Gmina (Polish: gmina miejska) (Town) in Bielsk County, Podlaskie Voivodeship. It is located north-eastern Poland.


  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
    • Location 2.1
    • Climate 2.2
  • History 3
    • Specific historical events in Brańsk 3.1
      • 13th century 3.1.1
      • 15th century 3.1.2
      • 20th century 3.1.3
  • Demographics 4
    • Population 4.1
    • Income 4.2
  • Municipal government 5
    • Executive branch 5.1
    • Legislative branch 5.2
    • Neighbouring political subdivisions 5.3
  • Transport 6
    • Roads and highways 6.1
      • Streets 6.1.1
    • Public transport 6.2
      • Bus service 6.2.1
      • Rail service 6.2.2
  • Economy 7
    • Major business 7.1
  • Local attractions 8
    • Places of worship 8.1
      • Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Roman Catholic 8.1.1
      • St. Simeon Stylites - Polish Orthodox 8.1.2
  • Nearby attractions 9
  • Notable people 10
  • Miscellanea 11
  • External links 12
  • References 13


The name of the town comes from the river Bronka, a nearby tributary of the Nurzec River.



Brańsk is located in the geographical region of Europe known as the Wysoczyzny Podlasko – Bialoruskie (English: Podlaskie and Belarus Plateau) and the mezoregion known as the Bielsk Plain (Polish: Równinę Bielską). The Nurzec River, a tributary of the Bug River, passes through Brańsk. The town covers an area of 32.43 square kilometres (12.5 sq mi).

It is located approximately:


The region has a continental climate which is characterized by high temperatures during summer and long and frosty winters . The average amount of rainfall during the year exceeds 550 millimetres (21.7 in).


Specific historical events in Brańsk

13th century

On 23 June 1264 two armies met near Brańsk. The Battle of Brańsk lasted two days pitting the forces of Yotvingia, led by Komata (Kumata) against the well equipped Krakovian army led by the Duke of Krakow, Boleslaw V the Chaste.

15th century

On 18 January 1493, Brańsk received a city charter based on Magdeburg rights from the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Alexander Jagiellon. It was the first city in Podlaskie to receive such a charter.

Bránsk 1804

20th century

On September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland and quickly overwhelmed it. Within days of the war's beginning, Brańsk suffered German bombardment. On September 17, 1939, the USSR attacked eastern Poland, and in partnership with Nazi Germany, partitioned Poland under the terms of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of August 23. Brańsk along with all areas of Poland east of the Bug River was then occupied by the Soviet Union. All Polish and Jewish businesses of substance were confiscated by the Communist State. The Soviets remained in control of Brańsk until June 1941 when the Germans invaded their erstwhile Soviet allies. Hitler's German Wehrmacht (army) occupied the town and ordered the Jewish community to build a ghetto surrounded by barbed wire, to which the Jewish population (some 65% of the town) was confined. On November 8, 1942, the Jews of Brańsk were ordered to report to the town center, forced to march to the nearby town of Bielsk, and then transported by train to Treblinka. Within weeks, the vast majority were murdered by gassing at the Treblinka death camp.



Detailed data as of 31 December 2007:[1]
  Total Women Men
Unit Number % Number % Number %
Population 3,822 100 1,944 50.9 1,878 49.1
Population Density
117.9 56.9 57.9


Income data from 2005:[2]

Average per capita income: 1961.03 zł

Compared to the average per capita income:

  • In the Podlaskie Voivodeship: 120.40%
  • In Poland: 112.20%

Municipal government

It is the seat of Gmina Brańsk, but is not part of Gmina Brańsk.

Executive branch

The chief executive of the government is the Mayor (Polish: Burmistrz).

Legislative branch

The legislative portion of the government is the Council (Polish: Rada) composed of the President (Polish: Przewodniczšcy), the Vice President (Polish: Wiceprzewodniczšcy) and thirteen councilors.

Neighbouring political subdivisions

Brańsk is bordered by Gminy Rudka and Brańsk.


Roads and highways

Brańsk is at the intersection of a National Road and a Voivodeship Road:


The major streets (Polish: Ulica) in Brańsk:

  • Rynek
  • Armii Krajowej (National Road )
  • Bielska
  • Binduga
  • Boćkowska
  • Błonie
  • Jagiellońska
  • Jana Pawła II (Voivodeship Road )
  • Kapicy Milewskiego
  • Kasztanowa
  • Klonowa
  • Konopnickiej
  • Kościelna
  • Kościuszki (Voivodeship Road )
  • Mickiewicza
  • Piłsudskiego
  • Poniatowskiego
  • Senatorska
  • Sienkiewicza
  • Skłodowskiej-Curie
  • Szkolna
  • Słowackiego
  • Witosa
  • Wyszyńskiego
  • Ściegiennego

Public transport

Bus service

Regular bus service is provided by Państwowa Komunikacja Samochodowa (State Car Communication, PKS) via PKS Bielsk Podlaskie, PKS Białystok and PKS Siemiatycze

Rail service

The closest passenger train service is provided by Polskie Koleje Państwowe (Polish State Railways, PKP) SA from the following stations:


The land-use is as follows:[3]

  • Agricultural use: 66%
  • Forest land: 27%
  • City: 2.34%

Major business

  • Financial:Banking - Bank Spóldzielczy w Brańsku, ul.Kosciuszki 2A, 17-120 Brańsk, Poland
  • Manufacturing:Plastics - Wald-Gold, ul.M.Konopnickiej 20, 17-120 Brańsk, Poland

Local attractions

Places of worship

Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Roman Catholic

St. Simeon Stylites - Polish Orthodox

Nearby attractions

Notable people


External links

  • Jewish cemetery in Brańsk (in Polish - English Text)
  • Polish Righteous: Those Who Risked Their Lives
  • Video tour of Brańsk on YouTube


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