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Caeo

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Caeo

Coordinates: 52°02′29″N 3°55′58″W / 52.041504°N 3.932784°W / 52.041504; -3.932784

For other uses, see Caio (disambiguation).

Caio or Caeo is a village in the county of Carmarthenshire, south-west Wales, sited near to the Dolaucothi Gold Mines.

Location

It is located between Llandovery and Lampeter, 1 mile north-east of the A482 that connects these two towns. Caio lies at the confluence of the Afon Annell and the Nant Frena. It forms part of the parish of Cynwyl Gaeo.[1]

History

The parish church, consecrated to Saint Cynwyl, now stands at the centre of the village, near the Roman road that linked the Roman forts at Llandovery (Alabum) and Llanio (Bremia), and the Roman gold mines at Dolaucothi. The Roman road remained in use until the late 18th century, mainly as a cattle-road or Drover's road. The Dolaucothi Estate long held by the Johnes family is now a tourist attraction owned by the National Trust. A pounding-stone long known as Carreg Pumsaint[2] and a possible holy well are located nearby.

Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Fychan (c. 1341 – 9 October 1401) was a Caio landowner, who was executed by Henry IV for his alleigance to Owain Glyndŵr. The hymnist Dafydd Jones (1711–1777), also known as Dafydd Jones o Gaeo was born in the area. Two other hymnists, the brothers John Dafydd (1727–1783) and Morgan Dafydd (m. 1762) are also connected to the village.

The oldest record of a chapel in the village is the Tynewydd Calvinistic Methodists chapel which was built around 1774.[1] Ysgol Gynradd Caio stands next to the church, and was built in 1869. It teaches primarily through the medium of Welsh.

Amenities

Other amenities include Caio Post Office and a public house, the Brunant Arms. At the turn of the century there were several public houses, the "Brunant Arms", the "Sexton's Arms", which was run out of someone's front room,[3] and the "King's Head Inn".[4]

In 1966 BBC Wales produced the documentary "A Village Called Caio" about rural life in rural West Wales. They paid a retrospective visit in 2008,[5] to see how the village had changed.

See also

References

External links

  • Caio Online
  • Photographs of Caio and surrounding areas
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