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Duke of Edinburgh

Dukedom of Edinburgh
Creation date 20 November 1947
Monarch George VI
Peerage Peerage of the United Kingdom
First holder HRH The Prince Philip,
1st Duke of Edinburgh
Present holder HRH The Prince Philip,
1st Duke of Edinburgh
Heir apparent HRH The Prince of Wales
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
The Prince Frederick Louis (1707–1751) was the very first Duke of Edinburgh, from 1727 to his death.

Duke of Edinburgh, named after the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a title that has been created four times for members of the British royal family since 1726. The current holder is the Prince Philip, consort to Queen Elizabeth II.

Contents

  • 1726 creation 1
  • Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh 2
  • 1866 creation 3
  • 1947 creation 4
  • Dukes of Edinburgh; First creation (1726) 5
  • Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh; First creation (1764) 6
  • Dukes of Edinburgh; Second creation (1866) 7
  • Dukes of Edinburgh; Third creation (1947) 8
    • Line of succession 8.1
  • Future creations 9
  • Family tree 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

1726 creation

Prince George was the second Duke of Edinburgh, before he became George III.

The title was first created in the the Crown", and ceased to exist.

Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh

On 19 November 1764, George III created a variation of the title for his younger brother, Prince William, the full form being "Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh". This title was in the Peerage of Great Britain and the sole subsidiary title of the dukedom was Earl of Connaught, in the Kingdom of Ireland, a title in the Peerage of Ireland.[7] In 1805, the titles were inherited by William's only son, another William, who died without a male heir, causing the title to cease to exist.

1866 creation

Queen Victoria re-created the title on 24 May 1866 for her second son Prince Alfred, this time in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The subsidiary titles of the dukedom were Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[8] When Alfred became the sovereign of the two German duchies Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in 1893, he retained his British titles. His only son Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha committed suicide in 1899, so the title Duke of Edinburgh again became extinct upon the elder Alfred's death in 1900.

1947 creation

The title was created for a fourth time on 19 November 1947 by Christian IX of Denmark) along with his rights to the Greek throne. In 1957, Philip became a Prince of the United Kingdom.[10]

Dukes of Edinburgh; First creation (1726)

Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh; First creation (1764)

Dukes of Edinburgh; Second creation (1866)

Dukes of Edinburgh; Third creation (1947)

Line of succession

  1. Charles, Prince of Wales (b. 1948), Prince Philip's eldest son
  2. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1982), Prince Charles' elder son
  3. Prince Henry of Wales (b. 1984), Prince Charles' younger son
  4. Prince Andrew, Duke of York (b. 1960), Prince Philip's second son
  5. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (b. 1964), Prince Philip's youngest son
  6. James, Viscount Severn (b. 2007), Prince Edward's only son

Future creations

It was announced in 1999, at the time of the wedding of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, that he would follow his father as Duke of Edinburgh. This is unlikely to happen by direct inheritance, as Prince Edward is the youngest of Prince Philip's three sons. Rather, the title is expected to be newly created for Prince Edward after it "eventually reverts to the crown"[11] after "both the death of the current Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales' succession as King."[12]

Family tree

See also

References

  1. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 6494. p. 1. 12 July 1726.
  2. ^ "Frederick Louis Hanover, Prince of Wales". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2014-08-25. 
  3. ^ "Peerages: Eames to Emly". Leighrayment.com. Retrieved 2014-08-25. 
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 6741. p. 2. 4 January 1728.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 9050. p. 1. 16 April 1751.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 10470. p. 1. 13 November 1764.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23119. p. 3127. 25 May 1866.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38128. p. 5496. 21 November 1947.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 41009. p. 1209. 22 February 1957.
  11. ^ "The Earl of Wessex". Royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  12. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 2010, page 46 'Peers of the Blood Royal'

External links

  • HRH The Duke of Edinburgh on Burke's Peerage
  • Duke of Edinburgh
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