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Fayette County, Iowa

Fayette County, Iowa
Fayette County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat West Union
Largest city Oelwein
Area
 • Total 731 sq mi (1,893 km2)
 • Land 731 sq mi (1,893 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1 km2), 0.07%
Population
 • (2010) 20,880
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgfayettecountyiowa

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,880.[1] The county seat is West Union.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Communities 4
    • Cities 4.1
    • Unincorporated communities 4.2
    • Townships 4.3
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Fayette County was founded in 1837. It was named after Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette,[3] a French general and politician, who came to America in 1777 in order to fight in the Revolutionary War, and who was named Major General of the Continental Army.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 731 square miles (1,890 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.07%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,880 in the county, with a population density of 28.568/sq mi (11.030/km2). There were 9,558 housing units, of which 8,634 were occupied.[10]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Fayette County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 22,008 people, 8,778 households, and 5,951 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,505 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,453, and the median income for a family was $39,960. Males had a median income of $27,493 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,271. About 8.20% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010".  
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • County website
  • Fayette County Economic Development
  • Fayette County Health and Demographic Data

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