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Federalist revolts

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Federalist revolts

The federalist revolts were uprisings which broke out from 2 June to December 1793 in the French provinces, after the 'Days of 31 May and 2 June 1793' during which the Jacobins eliminated the Girondins from the French National Convention.

Motives • Fighting for a federal system of government o One central government that rules with several state governments, each with their own laws as established under a Constitution o Rejected the centralisation of power into the hands of the great Committees (CPS, CGS) • Supported the Revolution • Fairly well scattered throughout France Fuelled by • Reduced trade due to war, which caused British blockade of ports • Angered by arbitrary nature of government in Paris, power of the S-C • Also occurred in the birthplaces of many Girondin deputies • Trigger: Arrest and expulsion of Girondin deputies from the National Convention (2 June 1793) Course of events • Mitraillades at Lyon o 12 October 1793 – CPS declares that Lyon should be destroyed o August to October 1793 – guillotine 26 people a day o By April 1794 – 2000 people had been killed • Negotiantisme in Bordeaux o 104 guillotined in Bordeaux o 1082 killed in Toulon • Noyades at Nantes o Between 2000 to 4800 drowned

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