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Hebrew numerals

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Title: Hebrew numerals  
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Hebrew numerals

date formats

Thousands are counted separately, and the thousands count precedes the rest of the number (to the right, since Hebrew is read from right to left). There are no special marks to signify that the “count” is starting over with thousands, which can theoretically lead to ambiguity, although a single quote mark is sometimes used after the letter. When specifying years of the Hebrew calendar in the present millennium, writers usually omit the thousands (which is presently 5 [‫ה]), but if they do not this is accepted to mean 5 * 1000, with no ambiguity. The current Israeli coinage includes the thousands.

Date examples

“Monday, 15 Adar 5764” (where 5764 = 5(×1000) + 400 + 300 + 60 + 4, and 15 = 9 + 6):

In full (with thousands): “Monday, 15(th) of Adar, 5764”
‫יום שני ט״ו באדר ה׳תשס״ד‬
Common usage (omitting thousands): “Monday, 15(th) of Adar, (5)764”
‫יום שני ט״ו באדר תשס״ד‬

“Thursday, 3 Nisan 5767” (where 5767 = 5(×1000) + 400 + 300 + 60 + 7):

In full (with thousands): “Thursday, 3(rd) of Nisan, 5767”
‫יום חמישי ג׳ בניסן ה׳תשס״ז‬
Common usage (omitting thousands): “Thursday, 3(rd) of Nisan, (5)767”
‫יום חמישי ג׳ בניסן תשס״ז‬

To see how today's date in the Hebrew calendar is written, see, for example, Hebcal date converter.

Recent years

5780 (2019–20) = תש״פ

5779 (2018–19) = תשע״ט

...

5772 (2011–12) = תשע״ב

5771 (2010–11) = תשע״א

5770 (2009–10) = תש״ע

5769 (2008–09) = ‫תשס״ט

...

5761 (2000–01) = ‫תשס״א

5760 (1999–00) = ‫תש״ס

Similar systems

The Abjad numerals are equivalent to the Hebrew numerals up to 400. The Greek numerals differ from the Hebrew ones from 90 upwards because in the Greek alphabet there is no equivalent for Tsadi (צ).

See also

References

  1. ^ Stephen Chrisomalis, Numerical Notation: A Comparative History, Cambridge University Press, 2010, p. 157. Solomon Gandz, Hebrew Numerals, Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research Vol. 4, (1932 - 1933), pp. 53-112.

External links

  •  §97 Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar,, §98, §134
  • Gematria Chart on inner.org
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